Emphasis is placed on direct and clearly understood communication, originality and scholarly merit. Only original papers will be accepted and copyright of published papers will be vested in the publisher.

Submitted manuscripts should be written in English with production-quality figures. Manuscripts should be typed using single-line spacing and wide margins (2.54 cm left, right, top and bottom). The manuscript should include the title of the paper (Arial, point 14, Bold) ; the author's name (Times New Roman, point 11, Bold) , address, and email(s) of the corresponding author (Times New Roman, point 11, Italic) ; a short abstract of between 200 and 300 words (Times New Roman, point 11, Italic), which clearly summaries the paper with 4-5 keywords (Times New Roman, point 11, Italic). Submission should be limited to a maximum of 20 typed pages.

Tables should be included within the text where appropriate and must be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and have titles that precede the table. Similarly, all figures must be numbered and a detailed caption should be provided below each figure. Figures should be embedded within the text where appropriate. 

The requirements for tables, figures and pictures are as follows: 

1. State the source of each figure at the end of the caption.
For example: 'Figure 1: Statistics of ... (source: A. Arthur, 2018)'. if from the author, kindly state 'Figure 1: Statistics of ...(source by author)'.
2. Copyright Permissions: Authors should seek necessary permissions for quotations, artwork, boxes or tables taken from other publications or from other freely available sources on the Internet before submission to IJ. The acknowledgement must be given to the original source in the illustration legend, in a table footnote, or at the end of the quotation. 

3. Submit an original figure or photograph. Line drawings must be clear, with a high black and white contrast. Each figure or photograph should be prepared on a new page, embedded in the manuscript for reviewing to keep the file of the manuscript under 5 MB. These should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals. Figures or photographs must also be submitted separately as JPEG because figures or photographs submitted in low-resolution embedded in the manuscript cannot be accepted for publication.

References included at the end of the manuscript must follow the APA 7th edition referencing style.

Manuscripts submitted to the journal will be initially screened by the Chief Editor, to determine appropriateness. Only those manuscripts considered of a sufficiently high standard will proceed to undergo a double-blind review. Upon completion, the manuscripts will be passed to an editorial board member for appraisal of their value. Additionally, they will be reviewed by an expert in that discipline.