• Nurul Neeta Syafika Muhammad Zaki Department of Geosciences, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
  • Muhd Fazly Shah Shaharuddin Department of Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
  • Nur Adani Balqis Cik Ishak Department of Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
  • Zahida Saffiya Hilmi Department of Geosciences, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
  • Nur Aisha Alyssa Kamarul Azmi Department of Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
  • Jundika Candra Kurnia Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia


The COVID-19 pandemic has been spreading all across the globe since December 2019. The pandemic has brought a threat by not only risking peoples’ lives but also impacting society’s mental well-being. This research aimed to discuss the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the psychological health of secondary school students in Malaysia who were expected to sit for the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) examination in 2020 but it got postponed due to the current COVID-19 pandemic. The objectives of the proposed research revolve around the idea of investigating the underlying causes affecting these students’ mental well-being and identifying any coping mechanisms used to overcome this issue. A total of 137 respondents took part in completing the online survey from the period of February 16th to 21st 2021. Results indicated that 59.6% of the respondents are being psychologically impacted by the current pandemic, followed by 32.7% of the respondents who mentioned they somehow are being psychologically impacted, and 7.7% stating that the COVID-19 has not impacted them psychologically at all. A variety of external stressors led to a finding in the Generalised Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD-7) that respondents were asked to respond to, indicating that 37.6% of respondents had extreme anxiety, 28.8% had moderate anxiety, 20.0% had mild anxiety, and 5.6% & had normal mental well-being. It is highly suggested that the mental health of secondary school students needs to be monitored by the respective authorities to achieve a quality education among the students.
Keywords: Coronavirus, pandemic, students’ mental well-being, mental health, education, online distance learning


Abdul Aziz, A., Mohd Sukor, N., & Ab Razak, N. (2020). Wabak COVID-19: Pengurusan Aspek Kesihatan Mental Semasa Norma Baharu. International Journal of Social Science Research, 2(4), 156-174. Retrieved from

Allam, S. N. S., Hassan, M. S., Mohideen, R. S., Ramlan, A. F., & Kamal, R. M. (2020). Online Distance Learning Readiness During Covid-19 Outbreak Among Undergraduate Students. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(5), 642–657. Retrieved from

Baber, H. (2021). Social Interaction and Effectiveness of the Online Learning – A Moderating Role of Maintaining Social Distance During the Pandemic COVID-19. Asian Education and Development Studies, 10(1). Retrieved from

Caffaso, J. (2019). Emotional Exhaustion: What It Is and How to Treat It. Healthline. Retrieved from

Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The Psychological Impact of the COVID-19 Epidemic on College Students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287, 112934. Retrieved from

Esani, M. (2010). Moving from Face-to-Face to Online Teaching. American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science, 23(3), 187-190. Retrieved from

Fatonia, Nurce A., Etty N., Ela N., Fidziahe, Giantoro P., Suhroji A., Irawanh, Agus P., Octoberry J., & Enji A. (2020). University Students Online Learning System During Covid-19 Pandemic: Advantages, Constraints and Solutions. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (7), 570-576. Retrieved from

Frohlich, K. (2017). Students are Increasingly Distracted by Technology. Signal Contributor. Retrieved from

Higuera, V. (2020). Everything You Want to Know About Depression. Healthline. Retrieved from

Holland, K. (2020). Everything You Need to Know About Anxiety. Healthline. Retrieved from

Holland, K. (2019). How to Control Anger: 25 Tips to Help You Stay Calm. Healthline. Retrieved from

Irfan, M., Shahudin, F., Hooper, V. J., Akram, W., & Ghani, R. A. (2020). The Psychological Impact of Coronavirus on University Students and Its Socio-Economic Determinants in Malaysia. MedRxiv: The Preprint Server for Health Science. Retrieved from

Lamourex, K. (2020). Everything You Need to Know About Insomnia. Healthline. Retrieved from

Landrum, B. (2020). Examining Students’ Confidence to Learn Online, Self-Regulation Skills and Perceptions of Satisfaction and Usefulness of Online Classes. Online Learning, 24(3), 128- 146.

Logsdon, A. (2020). Symptoms of Emotionally Disturbed Students. Verywell Family. Retrieved from

Nall, R. (2019). What Makes You Unable to Concentrate? Healthline. Retrieved from

Pietrangelo, A. (2020). The Effects of Stress on Your Body. Healthline. Retrieved from

Schlesselman, L. S., Cain, J., & DiVall, M. (2020). Improving and Restoring the Well-being and Resilience of Pharmacy Students during a Pandemic. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(6). Retrieved from

Shin, W. Y. (2020). Pendidikan Sepanjang Krisis COVID-19. Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs. Retrieved from

Son, C., Hegde, S., Smith, A., Wang, X., & Sasangohar, F. (2020). Effects of COVID-19 on College Students’ Mental Health in the United States: Interview Survey Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(9), 21279. Retrieved from

Spitzer, R. L., Kroenke, K., Williams, J. B. W., & Lowe, B. (2006). A Brief Measure for Assessing Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Arch Intern Med, 166(10),1092-1097. Retrieved from

Students Are Not Ready to Sit for SPM and STPM Examinations – James Nagayam. (2021). Malay Mail. Retrieved from

Study Malaysia. (2015). A Glance at the Malaysian Education System. Study in Malaysia Handbook, 9(1). Retrieved from international/higher-education-in-malaysia/a-glance-at-the-malaysian-education-system

Sundarasen, S., Chinna, K., Kamaludin, K., Nurunnabi, M., Baloch, G. M., Khoshaim, H. B., …, & Sukayt, A. (2020). Psychological Impact of COVID-19 and Lockdown among University Students in Malaysia: Implications and Policy Recommendations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17), 6206. Retrieved from

Wan Mohd Yunus, W., Badri, S., Panatik, S. A., & Mukhtar, F. (2021). The Unprecedented Movement Control Order (Lockdown) and Factors Associated with the Negative Emotional Symptoms, Happiness, and Work-Life Balance of Malaysian University Students During the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 566221. Retrieved from
How to Cite
MUHAMMAD ZAKI, Nurul Neeta Syafika et al. PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACTS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC TOWARDS MALAYSIA’S SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. Platform : A Journal of Management and Humanities, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 31-44, dec. 2021. ISSN 2637-0859. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 05 feb. 2023.