EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SOLANUM TUBEROSUM WASTE AS DRILLING FLUID ADDITIVES

  • Shazriana Suaib Department of Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
  • M Aslam B Md Yusof Department of Petroleum Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Malaysia
  • M Arif Ibrahim School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Abstract

Environmental consideration is essential during the drilling process in oil and gas development. However, the existing additives used in Water-Based Mud (WBM) are unable to create an efcient, entirely eco-friendly drilling fuid system. At the same time, Solanum Tuberosum Russet Burbank Waste (STRBW) which ranks as the second most produced food waste, shows a potential to be used as an environmentally friendly additive. In this experimental work, full-set rheological measurements under fresh and aged conditions and the fltration properties of STRBW were investigated in diferent concentrations; 1.2 wt%, 1.4 wt%, 1.8 wt% and 2.2 wt%. The analysis was conducted according to American Petroleum Institute RP-13B-1 Standard. The result was compared with a commercial WBM additive, Polyanionic Cellulose Low Viscosity (PAC-LV). The characterisation of STRBW was performed through Thermogravimetry Analysis (TGA), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy dispersive X-ray (FESEM-EDX) and X-ray Difraction (XRD) analysis. The results showed that the microscopic appearance of STRBW was irregular and had rough. STRBW was degraded at 287°C, and it consisted of Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg). From XRD spectra, the existence of B-type starch was identifed in STRBW. To sum up, PAC-LV showed better rheological and fltration performance than STRBW at the same concentration. However, the performance of STRBW was enhanced as the concentration of STRBW increased up to 1.8 wt%. Other than decreasing the quantity of non-biodegradable waste thrown to the environment, these fndings indicated that STRBW has the potential to be utilised as a substitute for several standard chemical additives in the industry, such as polymers and fuid loss agents.


Keywords: Drilling fuid, Solanum Tuberosum, Russet Potato, Environmental friendly additive

References

[1] A. S. Apaleke, A. Al-Majed, and M. E. Hossain, "State of the art and future trend of drilling fluid: an experimental study," in SPE Latin America and Caribbean petroleum engineering conference, 2012: OnePetro.
[2] J. Nasser, A. Jesil, T. Mohiuddin, M. Al Ruqeshi, G. Devi, and S. Mohataram, "Experimental investigation of drilling fluid performance as nanoparticles," World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, vol. 2013, 2013.
[3] M. A. M. Yusof and N. H. Hanafi, "Vital roles of nano silica in synthetic based mud for high temperature drilling operation," in AIP conference proceedings, 2015, vol. 1669, no. 1: AIP Publishing LLC, p. 020029.
[4] A. T. Bourgoyne, K. K. Millheim, M. E. Chenevert, and F. S. Young, Applied drilling engineering. Society of Petroleum Engineers Richardson, TX, 1986.
[5] F. Farahbod, "Experimental investigation of thermo-physical properties of drilling fluid integrated with nanoparticles: Improvement of drilling operation performance," Powder Technology, vol. 384, pp. 125-131, 2021.
[6] S. Melton, Mairs, Bernier, Garland, Glickman, Jones; Ray, Thomas & Campbell, "Environmental Aspects Of The Use And Disposal Of Non Aqueous Drilling Fluids Associated With Offshore Oil & Gas Operations," 2004, doi: https://doi.org/10.2118/86696-MS.
[7] N. Wahid, M. A. Yusof, and N. H. Hanafi, "Optimum nanosilica concentration in synthetic based mud (SBM) for high temperature high pressure well," in SPE/IATMI Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference and Exhibition, 2015: OnePetro.
[8] S. Elkatatny, "Enhancing the rheological properties of water-based drilling fluid using micronized starch," Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 5433-5442, 2019.
[9] M. Al-Saba, K. Amadi, K. Al-Hadramy, M. Dushaishi, A. Al-Hameedi, and H. Alkinani, "Experimental investigation of bio-degradable environmental friendly drilling fluid additives generated from waste," in SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Health, Safety, Security, Environment, and Social Responsibility, 2018: OnePetro.
[10] R. T. Ewy and E. K. Morton, "Wellbore-stability performance of water-based mud additives," SPE Drilling & Completion, vol. 24, no. 03, pp. 390-397, 2009.
[11] M. Abduo, A. Dahab, H. Abuseda, A. M. AbdulAziz, and M. Elhossieny, "Comparative study of using water-based mud containing multiwall carbon nanotubes versus oil-based mud in HPHT fields," Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 459-464, 2016.
[12] M. A. Md Yusof, N. Wahid, and N. H. Hanafi, "Usage of Nano Silica in Synthetic Based Mud: A Comparison Study for High Temperature High Pressure Well," in Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2015, vol. 789: Trans Tech Publ, pp. 80-84.
[13] A. T. Al-Hameedi et al., "Proposing a new biodegradable thinner and fluid loss control agent for water-based drilling fluid applications," International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 3621-3632, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s13762-020-02650-y.
[14] J. M. Links, "Municipal, industrial, and hazardous waste. ," 2006.
[15] D. Hoornweg, P. Bhada-Tata, and C. Kennedy, "Environment: Waste production must peak this century," Nature News, vol. 502, no. 7473, p. 615, 2013.
[16] A. T. T. Al-Hameedi, H. H. Alkinani, H. W. Albazzaz, S. Dunn-Norman, and M. M. Alkhamis, "Insights into the applications of waste materials in the oil and gas industry: state of the art review, availability, cost analysis, and classification," Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 2137-2151, 2020, doi: 10.1007/s13202-020-00865-w.
[17] M. Lins, R. Puppin Zandonadi, A. Raposo, and V. C. Ginani, "Food Waste on Foodservice: An Overview through the Perspective of Sustainable Dimensions," Foods, vol. 10, no. 6, May 24 2021, doi: 10.3390/foods10061175.
[18] A. T. T. Al-Hameedi et al., "Experimental investigation of environmentally friendly drilling fluid additives (mandarin peels powder) to substitute the conventional chemicals used in water-based drilling fluid," Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 407-417, 2019a, doi: 10.1007/s13202-019-0725-7.
[19] Z.-L. Zhang et al., "A Promising Material by Using Residue Waste from Bisphenol A Manufacturing to Prepare Fluid-Loss-Control Additive in Oil Well Drilling Fluid," Journal of Spectroscopy, vol. 2013, pp. 1-10, 2013, doi: 10.1155/2013/370325.
[20] N. F. Fatihah Majid, A. Katende, I. Ismail, F. Sagala, N. M. Sharif, and M. A. Che Yunus, "A comprehensive investigation on the performance of durian rind as a lost circulation material in water based drilling mud," Petroleum, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 285-294, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.petlm.2018.10.004.
[21] S. Ghaderi, S. A. Haddadi, S. Davoodi, and M. Arjmand, "Application of sustainable saffron purple petals as an eco-friendly green additive for drilling fluids: A rheological, filtration, morphological, and corrosion inhibition study," Journal of Molecular Liquids, vol. 315, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.molliq.2020.113707.
[22] R. Wing, "Non-chemically modified cornstarch serves as an entrapment agent," in Proceedings of Corn Utilization Conference II, National Corn Growers Association, November, 1988, pp. 17-18.
[23] S. Liang and A. G. McDonald, "Chemical and thermal characterization of potato peel waste and its fermentation residue as potential resources for biofuel and bioproducts production," J Agric Food Chem, vol. 62, no. 33, pp. 8421-9, Aug 20 2014, doi: 10.1021/jf5019406.
[24] A. Minajeva, A. Jasinskas, R. Domeika, E. Vaiciukevičius, E. Lemanas, and S. Bielski, "The Study of the Faba Bean Waste and Potato Peels Recycling for Pellet Production and Usage for Energy Conversion," Energies, vol. 14, no. 10, 2021, doi: 10.3390/en14102954.
[25] D.-C. Huang et al., "Synergistic inhibition of polyethylene glycol and potassium chloride in water-based drilling fluids," Petroleum Science, pp. 1-12, 2021.
[26] E. F. Lessa, M. L. Nunes, and A. R. Fajardo, "Chitosan/waste coffee-grounds composite: An efficient and eco-friendly adsorbent for removal of pharmaceutical contaminants from water," Carbohydrate polymers, vol. 189, pp. 257-266, 2018.
[27] M. Poletto, J. Dettenborn, V. Pistor, M. Zeni, and A. J. Zattera, "Materials produced from plant biomass: Part I: evaluation of thermal stability and pyrolysis of wood," Materials Research, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 375-379, 2010.
[28] X. Yang et al., "Fabrication of spherical biochar by a two-step thermal process from waste potato peel," Science of the Total Environment, vol. 626, pp. 478-485, 2018.
[29] S. Wang, A. H.-M. Lin, Q. Han, and Q. Xu, "Evaluation of direct ultrasound-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from potato peels," Processes, vol. 8, no. 12, p. 1665, 2020.
[30] K. Gillenwater and C. Ray, "Potassium acetate adds flexibility to drilling muds," Oil Gas J.;(United States), vol. 87, no. 12, 1989.
[31] R. Kong et al., "Development and characterization of corn starch/PVA active films incorporated with carvacrol nanoemulsions," International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 164, pp. 1631-1639, 2020.
[32] J. Guo, L. Liu, X. Lian, L. Li, and H. Wu, "The properties of different cultivars of Jinhai sweet potato starches in China," International journal of biological macromolecules, vol. 67, pp. 1-6, 2014.
[33] L. Chuang, N. Panyoyai, L. Katopo, R. Shanks, and S. Kasapis, "Calcium chloride effects on the glass transition of condensed systems of potato starch," Food chemistry, vol. 199, pp. 791-798, 2016.
[34] Y. Ma et al., "Development of chitosan/potato peel polyphenols nanoparticles driven extended-release antioxidant films based on potato starch," Food Packaging and Shelf Life, vol. 31, p. 100793, 2022.
[35] T. Al-Bazali, "Insight on the inhibitive property of potassium ion on the stability of shale: a diffuse double-layer thickness (κ− 1) perspective," Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 2709-2723, 2021.
[36] S. Medhi, D. Gupta, and J. S. Sangwai, "Impact of zinc oxide nanoparticles on the rheological and fluid-loss properties, and the hydraulic performance of non-damaging drilling fluid," Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, vol. 88, p. 103834, 2021.
[37] A. Mohamed, S. Al-Afnan, S. Elkatatny, and I. Hussein, "Prevention of barite sag in water-based drilling fluids by a urea-based additive for drilling deep formations," Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 7, p. 2719, 2020.
[38] M. T. Alsaba, M. F. Al Dushaishi, and A. K. Abbas, "Application of nano water-based drilling fluid in improving hole cleaning," SN Applied Sciences, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 1-7, 2020.
[39] X. Meng, Y. Zhang, F. Zhou, and P. K. Chu, "Effects of carbon ash on rheological properties of water-based drilling fluids," Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, vol. 100, pp. 1-8, 2012.
[40] C. Kim and B. Yoo, "Rheological properties of rice starch–xanthan gum mixtures," Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 120-128, 2006.
[41] K. B. Jeddou et al., "Improvement of texture and sensory properties of cakes by addition of potato peel powder with high level of dietary fiber and protein," Food Chemistry, vol. 217, pp. 668-677, 2017.
[42] M. Wajheeuddin and M. E. Hossain, "Development of an environmentally-friendly water-based mud system using natural materials," Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 2501-2513, 2018.
[43] J. K. Adewole and M. O. Najimu, "A study on the effects of date pit-based additive on the performance of water-based drilling fluid," Journal of Energy Resources Technology, vol. 140, no. 5, 2018.
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
SUAIB, Shazriana; MD YUSOF, M Aslam B; IBRAHIM, M Arif. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SOLANUM TUBEROSUM WASTE AS DRILLING FLUID ADDITIVES. Platform : A Journal of Engineering, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 23-35, june 2022. ISSN 2636-9877. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/paje/article/view/17982>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2022.