EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF SOLANUM TUBEROSUM WASTE AS DRILLING FLUID ADDITIVES
Environmental consideration is essential during the drilling process in oil and gas development. However, the existing additives used in Water-Based Mud (WBM) are unable to create an efcient, entirely eco-friendly drilling fuid system. At the same time, Solanum Tuberosum Russet Burbank Waste (STRBW) which ranks as the second most produced food waste, shows a potential to be used as an environmentally friendly additive. In this experimental work, full-set rheological measurements under fresh and aged conditions and the fltration properties of STRBW were investigated in diferent concentrations; 1.2 wt%, 1.4 wt%, 1.8 wt% and 2.2 wt%. The analysis was conducted according to American Petroleum Institute RP-13B-1 Standard. The result was compared with a commercial WBM additive, Polyanionic Cellulose Low Viscosity (PAC-LV). The characterisation of STRBW was performed through Thermogravimetry Analysis (TGA), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy dispersive X-ray (FESEM-EDX) and X-ray Difraction (XRD) analysis. The results showed that the microscopic appearance of STRBW was irregular and had rough. STRBW was degraded at 287°C, and it consisted of Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg). From XRD spectra, the existence of B-type starch was identifed in STRBW. To sum up, PAC-LV showed better rheological and fltration performance than STRBW at the same concentration. However, the performance of STRBW was enhanced as the concentration of STRBW increased up to 1.8 wt%. Other than decreasing the quantity of non-biodegradable waste thrown to the environment, these fndings indicated that STRBW has the potential to be utilised as a substitute for several standard chemical additives in the industry, such as polymers and fuid loss agents.
Keywords: Drilling fuid, Solanum Tuberosum, Russet Potato, Environmental friendly additive
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