TINJAUAN INSIDEN-INSIDEN KES SERANGAN KE ATAS BANGUNAN- BANGUNAN BALAI POLIS DIRAJA MALAYSIA – PENCEROBOHAN KE ATAS BANGUNAN KESELAMATAN

  • Zahardi Zaharin
  • Jestin Nordin
  • Mohd Najib Mohd Salleh
  • Muna Hanim Abdul Samad

Abstract

Menyedari kepentingan pasukan polis dalam membantu mewujudkan situasi terkawal, dan selamat, bagi melindungi ketenteraman dan kesejahteraan awam, maka bangunan-bangunan balai polis dibina (di seluruh dunia) bertujuan menempatkan pusat operasi dan pentadbiran pasukan,    dan Malaysia tidak terkecuali. Namun, seiring dengan peningkatan cabaran ancaman  jenayah moden yang semakin canggih dan terancang, persoalan timbul sama ada reka bentuk balai-balai polis di Malaysia masih mampu berfungsi sebagai sebuah bangunan keselamatan yang sepatutnya ‘kebal’ dari ancaman pencerobohan keselamatan berdasarkan Arahan Keselamatan? Berdasarkan sejarah, Malaysia merakamkan beberapa insiden berdarah apabila beberapa balai polis diserang pihak pengganas komunis, pelampau, serta insiden kecuaian dan salah laku anggota dan pegawai yang mampu membuka peluang pencerobohan keselamatan ke atas balai-balai polis Polis DiRaja Malaysia (PDRM) yang terlibat. Kertas kerja ini mengumpul dan membina kronologi insiden-insiden pencerobohan keselamatan yang berlaku ke atas balai-balai polis PDRM bertujuan sebagai rujukan silang bagi mengenal pasti sela masa, jenis serangan, penyerang, dan akibat terhadap bangunan, supaya tindakan   pencegahan boleh dirangka bagi mencegah risiko ancaman pencerobohan keselamatan balai polis pada masa hadapan. Kronologi insiden pencerobohan keselamatan ke atas balai-balai polis PDRM ini didapatkan melalui proses semakan laman sesawang rasmi  PDRM, dokumentari, laporan akhbar, liputan berita televisyen, media massa, dan laman sesawang peminat sejarah, serta temuramah ke atas anggota dan bekas anggota PDRM. Dapatan awal kajian mendapati bahawa insiden-insiden serangan pencerobohan keselamatan di beberapa balai polis PDRM ini adalah dalam kategori kemusnahan total dan mematikan (berlaku pada tahun-tahun Darurat di Malaya). Walau bagaimanapun hanya kejadian berskala kecil dilaporkan selepas Darurat, namun, kejadian tersebut tidak sepatutnya berlaku ke atas sebuah  bangunan keselamatan.


 


Recognizing the importance of the police force in helping to create a controlled, and safe situation, to protect public order and well-being, police station buildings were built (around the world) to house the police force's operations and administrative centers, and Malaysia is no exception. However, in line with the increasing challenges of modern crime threats that are increasingly sophisticated and organized, the question arises whether the design of police stations in Malaysia can still function as a security building that should be 'immune' from the threat of security intrusion based on the 'Arahan Keselamatan'? Based on history, Malaysia has recorded several fatal incidents when several police stations were attacked by communist terrorists, extremists, as well as incidents of negligence and misconduct by the PDRMs staff who could result in easy opportunities for security intrusions on the police stations involved. This paper collects and constructs a chronology of security intrusion incidents involving the PDRMs police stations for cross-reference to identify time intervals, types of attacks, attackers, and consequences on buildings and the staff so that preventive measures can be devised to prevent the risk of intrusion and security breaching in the future. The chronology of security intrusion incidents on PDRM police stations was obtained through a review of PDRM official websites, documentaries, press reports, television news coverage, mass media, and history fan websites, as well as interviews with PDRMs current and former staff. Preliminary findings of the study found that the incidents of security intrusion attacks at several PDRM police stations were in the category of totally destructive and deadly (occurred in the years of the Malayan Emergency), though only in smaller-scale incidents were reported after the Emergency period, however, such incidents should not be allowed to occur over a security building.

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Published
2022-08-31
How to Cite
ZAHARIN, Zahardi et al. TINJAUAN INSIDEN-INSIDEN KES SERANGAN KE ATAS BANGUNAN- BANGUNAN BALAI POLIS DIRAJA MALAYSIA – PENCEROBOHAN KE ATAS BANGUNAN KESELAMATAN. Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Environment, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 83-106, aug. 2022. ISSN 0128-326X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/myse/article/view/18829>. Date accessed: 02 dec. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/myse.v9i2.18829.

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