• Nur Huzeima Mohd Hussain
  • Ahmad Zamil Zakaria
  • Suriati Ahmad
  • Ismail Hafiz Salleh


Kampong is a land that compound by conclusive territory and accommodating people's lives and well-being.  As there is anecdotal evidence that people are returning to reoccupying houses and working with the land; this study investigates the land and its capacity for these returnees. The main intention is to identify apparent evidence that land in kampong is accessible and available to be reutilized again. The study presents descriptive information about the attended, productive, and unattended land through site observation and fieldwork measurements. The findings illustrate the capacity of the land to absorb the returnees and allow future subsistence that feeds the demand for food, goods and jobs.      


Bunnell T. (2002). Kampong Rules: Landscape and the Contested Government of Urban(e) Malayness. Urban studies, 39(9), 1685-1701.

Byrd H. (2008). Energy and Ecology: A view of Malaysia Beyond 2020. Malaysia: Published University Science of Malaysia.

Byrd H. (2012) From Kampong to City and back again. In T. N. Z. A. I. Bulletin (Series Ed.), Asia Info (pp. 5). The University of Auckland: NZ Asia Institute.

Hadi, A. S. (1981). Population Mobility in Negeri Sembilan. Peninsula Malaysia: Evidence from Three Villages in Kuala Pilah. Unpublished PhD Thesis. School of Social Sciences, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide.

Hussain, N.H.M., Byrd, H., & Ahmad, N.A. (2017). The Urban migrant future desire: a study of reverse migration in Malaysia, Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Environment (MySE), 3(2), 177-192.

Hussain, N. H. M., & Byrd, H. (2016). Balik Kampong’: Is Malaysia Facing the Trends of De-Urbanization. International Journal of the Malay World and Civilisation (Iman), 4(2016), 35-43.

Hussain, N.H.M. (2015). From Kampong to City and Back Again: A Case Study of De-urbanisation in Malaysia(Doctoral Thesis, ResearchSpace@ UoA.

Hussain, N. H. M., & Byrd, H. (2012). Towards Self-sufficient way of life: Land Resources Capacity & Society capability in Malaysia, Chair of Malay Studies (CMS) Lithoprint Ltd, Wellington, Victoria University of Wellington.

Ismail, N.A.(2010). Landscape Alteration in Urban Residential Area of Selangor, Malaysia. (Doctoral dissertation, Lincoln University). Lincoln University, NZ

Kustiwan, I., Ukrin, I., & Aulia, A. (2015). Identification of the Creative Capacity of Kampong's Community towards Sustainable Kampong (Case Studies: Cicadas and Pasundan Kampong, Bandung): A Preliminary Study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 184, 144-151.

Omar, A. R. C., Ishak, S., Moen, J. A., & Arshad, M. M. A. M. (2013). Sufficient and Sustainable Livelihood via Community Economy: Case of Natural Farming Program in East Malaysia. Asian Social Science, 9(5), p110.

Rini, H. S. (2019, May). The Dynamics of Strengthening Socio-Economic Capacity of Rural Community Through Thematic Kg in Semarang. In International Conf.on Rural Studies in Asia (ICoRSIA 2018). Atlantis Press.

Sudarwanto, B., Suprapti, A., Hardiman, G., & Sardjono, A. B. (2019). Concept of Sharing Space in the Spatial Conflict of Urban Kg an Ethnography Study in Bustaman Semarang. Advances in Environmental Biology, 13(11), 12-20.

Zakaria, A.Z., Hussain, N.H.M. & Ahmad, S. (2019). The Concept of Malay Landscape, Proceedings of SIMPORA X: 2019, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) Perak Branch, 103 – 120.

Zaki, P. H., Hamzah, M. Z., Ismail, M. H., Awang, K. W., & Hamid, H. A. (2010). Malay customary tenure and conflict on implementation of colonial land law in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution, 2(2), 33-45.
How to Cite
MOHD HUSSAIN, Nur Huzeima et al. KAMPONG, LAND AND ITS CAPACITY TOWARDS SUBSISTENCE LIVING. Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Environment, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 3, p. 143-156, mar. 2021. ISSN 0128-326X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/myse/article/view/12665>. Date accessed: 21 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/myse.v8i1.12665.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.