ARCHITECTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MALAY TRADITIONAL HOUSES THROUGH DECORATIVE ELEMENTS: A COMPARISON BETWEEN PERAK LIMAS' HOUSE (PLH) AND JOHOR LIMAS' HOUSE (JLH)
Malay Traditional houses were classified based on roof design, spatial organization, construction method, geographical setting and decorative elements particularly at every state in Malaysia. This article analyzes decorative elements on the traditional Malay houses in two states; Perak Limas' House (PLH) in Perak and Johor Limas' House (JLH) in Johor. The research aim is to establish the architectural characteristics of both PLH and JLH. This can be achieved by identifying the existence of decorative elements and carrying out a comparative study on both PLH and JLH on the decorative elements as the main architectural characteristic. Twenty-five of PLH and JLH were selected for the study. The study found similarities and dissimilarities that contribute to the extension of aesthetical theory of the Malay traditional house in Malaysia. The findings established the architectural attributes of traditional houses in Perak and Johor through decorative elements.
Halim N, “Traditional Malay Wood Carving”, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka : Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1987
Hanafi Z. “Pola-pola hiasan di dalam bangunan tradisional Melayu”, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka : Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2000
H Yusof, FK Ibrahim, RNR Shahminan, Heritage Identity Conservation Of The Woodcarving Placement And Design Composition Typologies On Johor Malay Houses, PLANNING MALAYSIA 18 (12), 2020
Iryani AHC, Mohd. SAR, Nazrul HJ, The Typology Of Rumah Limas Bumbung Perak (RLBP), PLANNING MALAYSIA JOURNAL : Volume 18, Issue 2, 2020
Shireen Jahn Kassim, Norwina Mohd Nawawi, Noor Hanita Abdul Majid, “The Resilience of Tradition: Malay Allusions in Contemporary Architecture.” (S. J. Kashim, Ed.). Penang: Areca Books, 2017
Jamilah, O. & Hanita, A.M. (2017). Assessing Aesthetics Preferences of Malay Wood Carved Panels. Sci.Int., 29(2),133-136.
Norsuriani S. and Ismail S. Types of Floral Motifs and Patterns of Malay Woodcarving in Kelantan and Terengganu. Social and Behavioral Sciences Procedia, Elsevier, 2013
Mastor S. and Nik H.S. “Rumah Limas Johor”, Yayasan Warisan Johor : Johor Baharu, Malaysia, 2006
Mohd Sabrizaa A.R. “Rumah Kutai : Documentation of Memories”, Institut Darul Ridzuan : Ipoh, Malaysia, 2017
Mohd Sabrizaa A.R and Sufian C.A. “The Traditional Malay Architecture: Between Aesthetics and Symbolism”, in Interior Design and Architecture: Critical and Primary Sources, Vol 1.Bloomsbury Publishing: London, 2013
Mohd Nurfaisal Baharuddin, Mohd Sabrizaa Abd. Rashid, Kartina Alauddin & Iryani Halim Choo, Inventory Evaluation of Decorative Elements of Traditional Malay’s Houses: Rumah Limas Johor (RLJ) ,Test Engineering & Management, Vol 81, November-December 2019, Page No. 4008 – 4017.
Norhasandi Mat et al., “The Architecture of Perak Traditional Malay Roof Houses (PTMRH) in the Year of 1820-1940: A Chronological Analysis of the Arabesque Types on Wall of Rumah Ibu”, Prosiding Simposium Nusantara 9 (SIMPORA 9:2012), Dewan Al- Khawarizmi, UiTM Perak. 11 & 12 Disember 2012
Norhasandi M. “Ciri-Ciri Fizikal Ruang Dalaman Rumah Melayu: Kajian Kes Rumah Bumbung Melayu Perak”, unpublished PhD thesis, Institute of Graduate Studies, USM, 2010.
Yusoff, R and Rashid, M.S. “The Analysis of the “Pemeleh”: Decorative Roof Element of Malay Traditional Architecture”, Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference on Heritage & Sustainable Development, HERITAGE 2012 , Porto, Portugal, June 2012
Rashid,MS, Iryani AHC, Rohaslinda R, Mohd Nurfaisal B, Kartina A. “Decorative Elements Of Traditional Malay Houses: Case Study Of Rumah Limas Bumbung Perak (RLBP). JSSR. 2018; special issue(6):105-115)