A SURVEY ON SPORTS ACTIVITY INVOLVEMENT, MENSTRUAL HISTORY AND EATING DISORDERS IN MALAYSIAN ELITE FEMALE ATHLETES

  • Afiqah Khairunnisa Yunan Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Foong Kiew Ooi Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
  • Nur Syamsina Ahmad Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Nur Dalila Adilah Abdul Raof Exercise and Sports Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Wee Kian Yeo Division of Research and Innovation, National Sports Institute Bukit Jalil, Sri Petaling,Malaysia.
  • Kong Swee Ong Sarawak Sports Corporation
  • Rohizat Achop Borhan Janang Sarawak Sports Corporation

Abstract

This study investigated sports activity involvement, menstrual history, and prevalence of eating disorders among Malaysian elite female athletes. A total of 50 female national and state level athletes with a mean age of 21.16 ± 2.31 years old participated in this study. They were 6 gymnasts, 17 swimmers, 5 cyclists, 7 long distance runners, and 15 silat athletes. The participants were required to answer the sports activity involvement questionnaire, menstrual history questionnaire, and Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q). The present study found that 44 (88%) of the total participants had regular menstruation, while 6 (12%) participants had irregular menstruation. The global score of EDE-Q subscales was 1.71 (60 to 65 percentile rank) in all the participants. Comparisons of measured variables between participants with regular menstruation and irregular menstruation showed that age in years at the beginning of training was younger in participants with irregular menstruation (9.83 ± 4.07) than participants with regular menstruation (11.84 ± 3.52). The global score of EDE-Q subscales was higher in participants with irregular menstruation (2.32; 75 to 80 percentile rank) than participants with regular menstruation (1.63; 60 to 65 percentile rank). In conclusion, the results of the present study show that participants with irregular menstruation seem to have higher global score of EDE-Q subscales, i.e., restrain, eating concern, shape concern, and weight concern. Irregular menstruation may be related to the young starting age of the athletes involved in training and the long total training period in years.

Published
2023-09-15
How to Cite
YUNAN, Afiqah Khairunnisa et al. A SURVEY ON SPORTS ACTIVITY INVOLVEMENT, MENSTRUAL HISTORY AND EATING DISORDERS IN MALAYSIAN ELITE FEMALE ATHLETES. Malaysian Journal of Sport Science and Recreation (MJSSR), [S.l.], v. 19, n. 2, p. 269 - 283, sep. 2023. ISSN 2735-1238. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/mjssr/article/view/24002>. Date accessed: 19 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/mjssr.v19i2.24002.