​​Morphological, structural and optical properties of ZnO nanowires: The effect of growth time​

  • Nurul Zulaikha Mohammad Zamri NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology (FMN), Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Firdaus Malek NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology (FMN), Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Maryam Mohammad NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology (FMN), Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Department of, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Perak Branch, Tapah Campus, Tapah Road, 35400 Perak, Malaysia
  • Mohd Dzulfiqar Bakri NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology (FMN), Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nur Fairuz Rostan NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology (FMN), Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nurfatini Atiqrah Khairul Azhar NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology (FMN), Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Hafiz Mamat NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Salleh Shamsudin Smart Manufacturing and Systems Research Group (SMSRG), University of Southampton Malaysia (UoSM), 79100 Iskandar Puteri, Johor, Malaysia and Laser Centre, Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Rusop Mahmood NANO-SciTech Lab (NST), Centre for Functional Materials and Nanotechnology (FMN), Institute of Science (IOS), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and NANO-ElecTronic Centre (NET), Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures (NSs) such as nanowires (NWs), nanorods, nanobelts, nanotubes, and nanonails have received a lot of attention in recent years due to their exceptional chemical and physical characteristics and wide range of potential uses. Researchers have investigated its possible uses in optoelectronic devices, field emitters, solar cells, sensors, and transparent electrodes due to its special features. This work is focused on a new method for the synthesis of ZnO NSs, particularly ZnO NWs, via microwave-assisted ultrasonic technique, with the advantages of low cost and the potential for large scale. The samples were evaluated with respect to the structural, morphological, and optical properties using various methods, such as field-emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The reaction occurs in only 60 minutes with minimal energy expenditure. ZnO NWs produced at 600 W had diameters ranging between 33.53 and 41.81 nm and lengths that varied between 1.84 and 2.1 µm, were totally crystalline, and showed preferential growth in the (002) direction, which presented a hexagonal wurtzite structure.

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Published
2023-10-30
How to Cite
MOHAMMAD ZAMRI, Nurul Zulaikha et al. ​​Morphological, structural and optical properties of ZnO nanowires: The effect of growth time​. Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET), [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 81-87, oct. 2023. ISSN 2682-8588. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/mjcet/article/view/21842>. Date accessed: 28 feb. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/mjcet.v6i2.21842.

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