Evaluation of physical properties of autoclave aerated concrete (AAC) based glass-gypsum waste into concrete

  • Izzati Abdul Manaf Faculty of Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor, Malaysia
  • Noraini Marsi Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Efil Yusrianto Faculty of Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor, Malaysia and Universitas Agama Islam Negeri Imam Bonjol, Padang, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Hafifi Daniel Salamat Faculty of Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor, Malaysia
  • Noraniah Kassim Faculty of Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mariah Awang Faculty of Engineering Technology, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor, Malaysia
  • Hafizuddin Hakim Shariff Kim Hoe Thye Industries Sdn Bhd, No.99, Lot 143, Jalan Air Manis, Bukit Mor, 84150 Parit Jawa, Johor, Muar, Malaysia
  • Mohd Ridzuan Mohd Jamir Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Perlis
  • Roslinda Ali Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Hub Pendidikan Pagoh, KM1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Pagoh, Muar, Johor, Malaysia

Abstract

The world produces billions of tonnes of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) yearly, with part of it not being properly disposed of. To approach sustainable development and reduce waste in landfills, using waste in material production is proposed. According to the World Green Building Council, construction projects have expanded and demand for green buildings is likely to increase in the next three years. Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) is considered an environmentally friendly product compared to standard concrete and bricks. This paper aims to investigate the influence of glass waste (GW) and gypsum wastes as additional materials on the physical properties and compressive strength of AAC is to determine the optimum proportion of GW addition to produce AAC based glass-gypsum waste (AAC-GGW) and to compare the properties of AAC-GGW with the reference sample. The materials used were Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), quartz sand, lime, aluminum paste, GW, and gypsum waste. The ratios of all materials were kept constant except GW with increment of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25% and 30%. The density, water absorption, porosity, and average compressive strength of the samples were measured and compared. It was found that increasing GW increased the samples’ density and decreased the samples’ water absorption and porosity. It was also found that the addition of GW from 5% to 25% achieved better average compressive strength than the reference sample with no addition of GW. Maximum compressive strength was achieved at 20% GW addition.

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Published
2022-04-30
How to Cite
ABDUL MANAF, Izzati et al. Evaluation of physical properties of autoclave aerated concrete (AAC) based glass-gypsum waste into concrete. Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET), [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 1-7, apr. 2022. ISSN 2682-8588. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/mjcet/article/view/14774>. Date accessed: 28 feb. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/mjcet.v5i1.14774.

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