Significant Factors of Motivational Needs that Influence Job Satisfaction through Regression Analysis

  • Nur Izzah Jamil
  • Nor Aslily Sarkam
  • Amariah Hanum Hussin


Motivation is an important life skill. Each person has purposes and to steward their purposes, it must be motivated to work towards their goals which can help their dreams become to reality. The higher the level of motivation needs, the higher the level of their job satisfaction. The main objective of this research is to identify motivational needs that influence the job satisfaction among respondents involved in this study. Specifically, to identify the relationship and significant variables between job satisfaction and five factors of motivational needs namely physiological needs, safety and security needs, love and belonging needs, self-esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. A sample of respondents who were working and doing part-time study was taken from public and private universities in Malaysia using convenience sampling. Therefore, the result of this research cannot be inferred to the population as a whole and only valid to the respondents involved in this research. The data was analyzed by using Statistical Package Social Science (SPSS) software. Preliminary analysis was conducted such as reliability analysis. Furthermore, correlation analysis was used to quantify the associations between motivational needs and job satisfaction. Multiple linear regression was used to identify significant variables in the model. The results indicated that there was a significant positive linear relationship between motivational needs towards job satisfaction. Furthermore, safety and security, self-esteem and self-actualization made statistically significant contribution to the job satisfaction in the model.


[1] S. S. Kumar, “Motivation as a Strategy to enhance Organizational Productivity,” Advances In Management, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 24-27, 2012.
[2] Q.-A. Manzoor, “Impact of Employees Motivation on Organizational Effectiveness,” Bus. Manag. Strateg., vol. 3. no. 1, 2011.
[3] A. H, Maslow, “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs - Learning Theories,” A theory of human motivation, 1943. .
[4] S. McLeod, “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs,” Simply Psychology, 2012. .
[5] J. Swain and C. Hammond, “The motivations and outcomes of studying for part-time mature students in higher education,” Int. J. Lifelong Educ., vol. 30, no. 5, 2011.
[6] E. A. Locke, “The nature and causes of job satisfaction,” in Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1976.
[7] T. A. Judge, D. Heller, and R. Klinger, “The dispositional sources of job satisfaction: A comparative test,” Appl. Psychol., vol. 57. no.3, 2008.
[8] S. Unutmaz, “Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction Among Employees in a Public Institution,” Middle East Tech. Univ., 2014.
[9] B. Aziri. “JOB SATISFACTION, A LITERATURE REVIEW,” Manag. Res. Pract., vol. 3, no. 4, 2011.
[10] A. Sageer, “Identification of Variables Affecting Employee Satisfaction and Their Impact on the Organization,” IOSR J. Bus. Manag., vol. 5. no. 1, pp.32-39, 2012.
[11] A. H. Maslow, “A theory of human motivation,” Psychol. Rev., 1943.
[12] K. Cherry, “The Five Levels of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs,” Verywellmind.Com, 2018.
[13] J. A. V. Fischer and A. Sousa-Poza, “Does job satisfaction improve the health of workers? New evidence using panel data and objective measures of health,” Health Econ., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 71-89, 2009.
[14] E. Hani, S. Nurud, S. Suhaimi, and N. Abdull, “Preliminary Study of the Safety Culture in a Manufacturing Industry,” Int. J. Humanit. Soc. Sci., vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 176-183, 2012.
[15] S. A. Gyekye and M. Haybatollahi, “Relationship between organizational justice and organizational safety climate: Do fairness perceptions influence employee safety behaviour?,” Int. J. Occup. Saf. Ergon., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 199-211, 2014.
[16] C. Baruch-Feldman, E. Brondolo, D. Ben-Dayan, and J. Schwartz, “Sources of social support and burnout, job satisfaction, and productivity,” J. Occup. Health Psychol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 84, 2002.
[17] G. Mark and A. P. Smith, “Effects of occupational stress, job characteristics, coping, and attributional style on the mental health and job satisfaction of university employees,” Anxiety, Stress Coping, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 63-78, 2012.
[18] W. D. Cockshaw and I. Shochet, “The link between belongingness and depressive symptoms: An exploration in the workplace interpersonal context,” Aust. Psychol., vol.45, no. 4, 283-289, 2010.
[19] C. H. Jordan, V. Zeigler-Hill, and J. J. Cameron, “Self-Esteem,” in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition, 2015.
[20] J. E. Bono and T. A. Judge, “Core Self-Evaluations: A Review of the Trait and its Role in Job Satisfaction and Job Performance,” European Journal of Personality. vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 5-18, 2003.
[21] N. Mohd Razali and Y. Bee Wah, “Power comparisons of Shapiro-Wilk, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Lilliefors and Anderson-Darling tests,” vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 21-33, 2011.
How to Cite
JAMIL, Nur Izzah; SARKAM, Nor Aslily; HUSSIN, Amariah Hanum. Significant Factors of Motivational Needs that Influence Job Satisfaction through Regression Analysis. Mathematical Sciences and Informatics Journal, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 12-21, nov. 2020. ISSN 2735-0703. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 mar. 2023. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.