Exploration of Machine Learning Forecasting Methods in M4 Competition

  • Muhammad Halim Hamdan FSKM UiTM
  • Shuzlina Abdul Rahman

Abstract

There are so many forecasting algorithms and techniques available. The abilities of Data Mining to obtain and gather data from multiple sources is very useful to researcher, practitioner, business and more. From a long list of forecasting algorithms that have been built throughout the years, it will be exhaustive for someone to go through the list one by one to choose which algorithm to use. With M competition established, there are many more new techniques being innovated each time it is organized. This research aims to compare and contrast the machine learning forecasting techniques that are used in M4 Competition, to understand each technique better and to analyse which is the best technique and why. Three machine learning techniques from M4 Competition was chosen to be compared in this research. Each technique is replicated, trained and tested accordingly. M4 competition dataset is used in this research, with 100,000 time series data and multiple data frequency it is enough to replicate the real-world situation. The results indicate that the three techniques have their strength, with RNN+ES technique on top of it. RNN+ES and CNN-TS performed well in relative to Naive2 benchmark, while k-NS model performed the worst. Further research on the datasets and investigation of each model to further improve its capabilities are needed to improve the performance of the model.

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Published
2021-05-25
How to Cite
HAMDAN, Muhammad Halim; ABDUL RAHMAN, Shuzlina. Exploration of Machine Learning Forecasting Methods in M4 Competition. Mathematical Sciences and Informatics Journal, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 21-30, may 2021. ISSN 2735-0703. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/mij/article/view/10892>. Date accessed: 30 nov. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/mij.v2i1.10892.
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