Development of framework with exemplars using real-world context to teach probability

  • Tin Lam TOH National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
  • Queenie CHIU


Teaching of probability in mathematics classrooms has often been reduced to equipping students with a set of algorithmic procedures and formulas to handle similar questions. Being competent with the algorithmic procedures does not necessarily equate to the mastery of probability concepts. In this paper, we conducted a literature review and a study of the recent development of the Singapore Mathematics curriculum. Also tapping on the problem-solving nature of mathematics, we infused the use of real-world context in teaching probability to secondary school students. This is synchronous to the recent development in the Singapore mathematics education in which real-world context has been brought to the foreground into the school mathematics curriculum. In order to help students truly grasp probability concepts through the use of real-world context, we propose a TIDE (Tackle students’ misconception, Introduce probabilistic reasoning, Draw connections, and Encourage problem-solving) framework for designing a mathematics lesson on probability. An exemplar of a probability lesson using the Monty Hall Problem is presented in this paper.  

How to Cite
TOH, Tin Lam; CHIU, Queenie. Development of framework with exemplars using real-world context to teach probability. Learning Science and Mathematics, [S.l.], v. 15, n. December, p. 16 to 29, dec. 2020. ISSN 2637-0832. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 03 dec. 2021.