Pembudayaan Pedagogi Kreatif Pak-21 dalam Proses Pembelajaran dan Pemudahcaraan Bahasa Melayu Malaysia-Indonesia dalam Kalangan Bakal Guru: Amalan Baharu di Dua Negara

Creative Pedagogical Culture of PAK-21 In The Process of Learning and Facilitating Malaysia-Indonesia Malay Language among Prospective Teachers: New Practices in Two Countries

  • Marzni Mohamed Mokhtar, Ph.D. Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Afnita Afnita Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Marni Jamil Universiti Teknologi Mara (Cawangan Pulau Pinang)
  • Fadzilah Abd. Rahman Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Efrianto Efrianto Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan Ilmu Pendidikan, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia


Humans are born with the ability to be creative. Creativity is defined as a thought process that promotes the realisation of new ideas and discoveries that lead to a greater reality. An individual with creative thinking skills can successfully complete the innovation process. Innovation is defined as a method of producing a better product or service through modification or improvement. This process of creative cultural enrichment is critical for a prospective teacher, especially when teaching language skills. The purpose of this study is to investigate the pedagogical practices of prospective Bahasa Melayu and Bahasa Indonesia teachers to foster a creative and innovative culture in learning and facilitation (PdPc). This study employed a qualitative research design which utilised an ontological and epistemological approach. Document observation and analysis were conducted on 40 prospective Malay Language Education Bachelor teachers at Universiti Putra Malaysia and 40 students of the Indonesian Language and Literature Education Study Programme at the Faculty of Language and Arts, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia, through student involvement in PdPc activities, teaching materials and preparation in the innovation competition of teaching materials, and student reflection in lectures. This study also employed the framework of The Creative Thinking Process to examine the innovative pedagogical practices used by prospective teachers during the PdPc process of teaching Malaysia – Indonesia Malay Language. The analysis was carried out in six stages: familiarisation with the data, generation of initial codes, the discovery of themes, review of themes, definition and naming of themes, and preparation of a report. There is a creative pedagogical practice that dominates prospective teachers' involvement and commitment to the enrichment of a creative and innovative culture in PdPc. This new pedagogical practice for potential Malay and Indonesian teachers includes language activity observation, variation of learning aids, creation of teaching innovation products, confidence in participation and success in innovation competitions, and overall reflection of LHE3114 and Reading Skills course students. This study will help future Malay language instructors in Malaysia and Padang, Indonesia to implement creative culture in their upcoming online PdPc activities and resources.

How to Cite
MOHAMED MOKHTAR, Marzni et al. Pembudayaan Pedagogi Kreatif Pak-21 dalam Proses Pembelajaran dan Pemudahcaraan Bahasa Melayu Malaysia-Indonesia dalam Kalangan Bakal Guru: Amalan Baharu di Dua Negara. Jurnal Sains Sosial dan Pendidikan Teknikal | Journal of Social Sciences and Technical Education (JoSSTEd), [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 207-224, oct. 2023. ISSN 2716-6740. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 july 2024.

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