Development of Micro Solar-Hydro Power Generation System for Rural Area Under Tropical Climate
Pembangunan Sistem Penjanaan Tenaga Mikro Solar-Hidro untuk Kawasan Pendalaman Cuaca Tropikal
Energy is required in this day and age, more than ever as a result of modernization, industrial development, and population growth to meet the demand of urban life. However, the power supply distribution system poses a significant challenge in rural or remote areas, as the area are geographically isolated from the grid connection. Thus, it is a necessity to shift the use of conventional energy sources to renewable and green technology resources such as solar, wind, hydro, and others as an alternative for rural electrification. The goal of this project is to create a standalone hybrid micro solar-hydro power generation system specifically designed for small communities in rural areas. This project focuses on the combination of an 18V/100 Watt solar panel, 12V micro-hydro generator, DC-AC inverter, and 12V 20Ah deep cycle battery for sustained power generation. As this system implements solar and hydro resources: an auto photo switch on-off photocell is integrated into the system for switching purposes. The project is designed to support a community, because of an average household load demand such as lighting, television, and fans that requires 2.24kW/day. This project offers a significant and promising method for effective utilization of the abundant solar and hydro resources nearby the rural area.