GENETICAL STATUS OF RELATEDNESS BETWEEN SAMBORI AND TETA DIALECTS SPOKEN IN BIMA REGENCY, WEST NUSA TENGGARA
Sambori and Teta isolects are spoken by their speech community who live at Lambitu District, Bima Regency, Indonesia. Their language classification status is not yet clear whether as two different languages or as two different dialects. This article aims to describe: 1) the status of their language classification; 2) their uniting and differentiating phonological features, and 3) their uniting and differentiating lexical features. This study applied a comparative method. The obtained data were analyzed quantitatively using lexicostatistics and language classification of Swadesh. The uniting and differentating features were qualitatively determined using the description of their phonological and lexical similarities and differences; The study findings show that: 1) the status of the two isolects are as two different dialects of the same language spoken in the regency; 2) the uniting phonological features show that both of them have: (a) the same vowel phonemes: /ʌ/,/ɪ/, /ʊ/, /e/, /ɔ/, /ə/; (b) the same diphthongs: /ʌʊ/, /ʌe/, /ɪʌ/, /ʌɪ/, /eɪ/, /ʊʌ/; c) the same consonants: /p/, /b/, /f/, /t/ /d/, /h/, /ʧ/, /j/, /l/, /m /, /n/, /ŋ /,/k/, /g/, /?/, /r/, /s/, /y/, /w/; d) they possess clusters of two m-blends: /mp/, /mb/, and three n-blends: /nd/, /nt/, /nʧ /, and /kb/; and e) phonologically, Sambori dialect does not posses /kl/ and /nj/ cluster, while Teta dialect does. Based on Swadesh's word list, the lexical uniting features show that the two dialects have 98% cognates, and 2 % of their lexical features are in different forms.
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