• Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar Biostatics and Repository Data Sector, Office of NIH Manager, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia.
  • NurulAsmak Mohamed Oral Health Programme, Ministry of Health Malaysia
  • Habibah Yacob Oral Health Programme, Ministry of Health Malaysia


Background: Oral health is an essential component for the betterment of individual health. By practising poor hygiene practices, individuals can suffer lots of oral health problems that may increase the burden of oral diseases. Therefore, this study focused on determining the prevalence of poor oral hygiene practice among adults in Malaysia and its association with sociodemographic and other related risk factors.

Methodology: This study was part of a national cross-sectional study, Malaysia Adult Nutrition Survey (MANS) 2014, which focused on adults in Malaysia aged 18 to 59 years old. A validated bilingual (Malay and English) structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on variables of interest via face-to-face interviews. Analysis was performed using IBM SPSS for Windows version 21.0 involving complex sampling analysis and logistic regression.

Results: 62.6% (95% CI: 59.9, 65.3) of adults in Malaysia had a least one poor oral hygiene practice which was either not rinsing their mouth after sugary intake, not brushing their teeth before breakfast and not brushing their teeth after main meals while 37.7% (95% CI: 35.2, 40.2) adults did not rinse mouth after sugary intake. The male gender and Chinese ethnicity had the highest prevalence of poor oral hygiene practices compared to others. Male gender, adults who took carbonated beverages at least one serving per week and those who did not read food labels had a significant association towards poor oral hygiene practices.

Conclusion: Six out of ten adults had poor oral hygiene practices which can lead to several oral health problems. The male gender should be the main targeted group for any good oral hygiene practices campaign and awareness. Upcoming/future surveys should also include the type and choices of oral hygiene practices that have been used.

Author Biography

Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar, Biostatics and Repository Data Sector, Office of NIH Manager, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia.

*Corresponding author: Mohamad Fuad Mohamad Anuar; Biostatics and Repository Data Sector, Office of NIH Manager, National Institute of Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia. Email: mfuad.manuar@moh.gov.my or crytalfuad@gmail.com


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How to Cite
MOHAMAD ANUAR, Mohamad Fuad; MOHAMED, NurulAsmak; YACOB, Habibah. POOR ORAL HYGIENE PRACTICE AND ASSOCIATION FACTORS ADULTS IN MALAYSIA: FINDINGS FROM MALAYSIA ADULT NUTRITION SURVEY 2014. Journal of Health Management, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 2, p. 9, oct. 2023. ISSN 2948-5126. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/johm/article/view/24454>. Date accessed: 21 july 2024.