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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines



1. Introduction

This guide id intended to assist authors in the preparation of their manuscript in terms of formatting and writing conventions. These requirements are standardized for the ease of appointed reviewers to read and give comments and feedback.

2. Language

The manuscript should be written in either in English. Language use should be consistent throughout the manuscript, especially in terms of spelling (Bristish). The Roman alphabet should be used unless otherwise required by the discipline.

3. Page Layout

The text should be presented in the potrait layout. The landscape layout may be used for figures and tables.

4. Type of Paper

A4 size (210mm X 297mm) paper should be used.

5. Column Layout

The manuscript should be in a single column throughout.

6. Typeface and Font Size

The text of the manuscript, including headings and page numbers, must be produced with the same font or typeface. The font which is acceptable for the manuscript is Calibri.

(Refer page 1 Template manuscript for peer-review)

The title should be 14-point, bolded, centered, and capatalized. The authors name should be 12-point, centered. The palce of work/institution and corresponding author should be in 10-point and in sentence case. The corresponding author should be italic.

The abstract font size should be 11-point and should be italized except scientific names and terms in a different language. Bold print is used for sections (Introduction, Methods, etc).

(Refer page 2 Template manuscript for peer review)

The body of manuscript content font size should be 11-point and should not be italized except for scientific names and terms in a different language. Bold print is used for headings and should be capatilized. Bold print and italics are used for subheadings and should be in sentence case. Footnotes and text in tables should not be less than 8-point. 

7. Margins

The left, right, top, and bottom margins should be at 25mm. All information (text headings, footness, and figures), including page numbers, must be within the margin as stated.

8. Spacings

The manuscript should be at spaced at 1.15, with double spaces between paragraphs and sections. The following, however, should be single-spaced:

i. Quatations of three lines or more, intended and set in a block;

ii. References or biblography (except between entries);

iii. Multi-line captions (table, figures);

iv. Appendices; and

v. Headings or subheadings.

9. Pagination

All pages should be numbered consequently throughout the manuscript, including pages containing tables, figures and appendices. Page numbers should be right flushed at teh bottom margins. Page numbers should appear by themselves and should not be placed in brackets or be hypenated.


1. Abstarct

The abstract is a gist of the entire manuscript and should be given the same careful attention as the main text. It should not include any references. Abbreviations or acronyms must be preceded by the full terms at the first use. An abstract should not be than 350 words. 

The abstract should be structed with distinct, labeled sections (e.g. Introductions, Methods, Results, Discussion). It includes a brief statement of the problem and objectives of the study, a concise description of the research method and design, a summary of the major findings including their significance, and conclusions.

Provide up five (5) to seven (7) keywords which encapsulate the principle topics of the manuscript. Your manuscript should be categorized under one of the clasifications: Research paper, Viewpoint, Technical Paper, Conceptual Paper, Case Study, Literature Review or General Review.

2. Body of Manuscript Draft

The body of manuscript consists of section which are organized as chapters. A chapter may be divided into major sections and subsections. Main or primary headings within chapters are to be left-aligned. Sub-headings are left justified. Body of manuscript should be left justified without indentations. 


State the purpose of the article as well as the rationale and objectives of the study.

Materials and Methods

Describe the selection of subjects. Identify the methods, tools, apparatus, and procedure of the study in sufficient detail to allow other researchers to repeat the study. Statistical tests should be given in detail and the use of computer software should also be mentioned. For studies with ethical consideration, the statement of approval from relevant ethical committee has to be mentioned.


Present the results in logical sequence. Use appropriate tables or illustrations.


Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study. Discuss the implications of the findings, the limitation and relate the findings with ohter studies.


Link the conclusions with the objectives of the study. Avoid conclusions not supported by the data.


Aknowledge grants awarded in aid of the study (state the number of the grants, name, and location of the institute or organization) as well as persons who have contributed significantly to study. For studies with ethical consideration, do not forget to aknowledge the Director General of Ministry of Health Malaysia.

 3. Tables

Ensure that all tables shown in the manuscript are referred to in the text. Tables should be numbered with the numerals (1,2,3, etc.) throughout the manuscript.

All table and figures should be placed on under APPENDIX section, after the Reference section. When a large table is placed in lanscape orientation, the top of the table should be at the binding edge (left). The table number, title and caption should be single-spaced and placed above the table. The content of the table shouldn't be lined for ease of conversation into an article in the journal (Figure 1). Avoid the use of vertical lines to seperate columns within a table unless necessary. The style used must be consistent throughout the draft.

Table sources and notes should be placed directly below the table. If a table has been adapted from a source, indicate using Adapted from...." instead of "Source:..."

4. Figures

As with tables, ensure that each figure is referred to in the text. Figures include maps, charts, graphs, diagrams, photographs, and printed images. They are numbered consecutively. The figure number, title and caption should be single-spaced and placed below the figure using Arabic numerals and lowercase, except for proper nouns and the first letters of principal words. All table and figures should be placed on under APPENDIX section, after the Reference section. The style must be consistent throughout the manuscript.

If a figure occupies and entire page, the caption may be type belw the figure. The top of a figure drawn in lanscape format should be aligned to the binding (left) edge. The figure number, title and caption should be typed parallel to the orientation of the figure. Figures should conform to standard margin requirement.

5. References