EVALUATION OF AMPICILLIN, VANCOMYCIN, AND GENTAMYCIN ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT AMONG LACTOBACILLUS ISOLATES

  • Rozila Alias
  • Thivyah Karunageran
  • Maimunah Mustakim
  • Siti Nurfatehah Kamal
  • Siti Hasmah Mohtar
  • Siti Rahayu Hassan
  • Murni Salina
  • Siti Amalina Ahmad Khairuddin
  • Hasliza Muhammad Ali
  • Norazah Mohammad Nawawi
  • Mohd Nizam Lani
  • Abdul Latif Ibrahim

Abstract

Antibiotic resistance is an ever-increasing in worldwide problem nowadays. It is happened when the extensive use of antibiotics which will creates the selective pressure resulting from mutation of nor-mal genes and spreading of a variety of an antimicrobial resistance. Uses of Lactobacillus as probiot-ics or in starter cultures may serve as hosts of antibiotic resistance genes, which could be transfer or resistance to multiple antibiotics. Therefore, it is important to screen the susceptible or resistance to-wards antibiotics which will not transferable resistance genes. In the recent study, a total of 37 strains of Lactobacillus species isolated from various milk and dairy products such as goat’s milk, cattle’s milk, human’s milk, homemade yogurt and commercial yogurt were examined for the antibiotic pro-file using Kirby-Bauer method. The results of this study show that human’s milk has a high number of Lactobacillus isolates resistant to ampicillin (75%), vancomycin (62.5%) and gentamycin (62.5%). Whereas Lactobacillus isolated from cattle’s milk have resistant to ampicillin (42.1%), van-comycin (42.1%) and susceptible to gentamycin (0%). But however, goat’s milk still has lower per-centage number of resistant to ampicillin (28.0%), vancomycin (14.3%) and are susceptible to gen-tamycin (0%). These results indicate that ampicillin and vancomycin resistant seems to be very common among Lactobacillus isolates but gentamycin are still susceptible used. Vancomycin re-sistant are more concerned because of the emerging problem in hospital and often described as one of the last resorts against the infection caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens. Therefore, lactoba-cilli as probiotics would be more monitoring when applied in food industry and clinical especially for immune-compromised patients or during anti-biotherapy. Acquisition and retransfer of resistance genes should be addressed in the new safety aspects of probiotics uses.
Published
2019-12-16
How to Cite
ALIAS, Rozila et al. EVALUATION OF AMPICILLIN, VANCOMYCIN, AND GENTAMYCIN ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT AMONG LACTOBACILLUS ISOLATES. Journal of Academia, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, p. 104-111, dec. 2019. ISSN 2289-6368. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/joa/article/view/8234>. Date accessed: 20 may 2024.
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