EFFECT OF DELTAMETHRIN INSECTICIDE TOWARDS Capsicum frutescens

  • saiyidah nafisah hashim mrs

Abstract

Deltamethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide which possesses an extremely high level of activity against a wide range of insects. It acts by both direct contact and ingestion. However, the application of this pesticide needs to be tested to understand the effect of its sprayed frequency towards plant growth. The study aimed to investigate the effect of deltamethrin pesticide exposure on C. frutescens. This experiment used a pesticide with 2.8% active ingredient of deltamethrin and sprayed on the C. frutescens plant at different frequencies for two weeks. Parameters measured to assess the effect of deltamethrin insecticide are the soil pH, water content, soil organic content, starch, and chlorophyll analysis. The result found that the deltamethrin insecticides changed the morphological and physiological properties of C. frutescens based on the sprayed frequency. The deltamethrin insecticide negatively affects plant's soils with increment on the soil pH while using it at high frequency. This also reduced the organic content and water content in the treated soil. Other than that, the frequent application of this insecticide reduces the chlorophyll and starch of the plants and causes the green color to disappear, thus negatively influencing the photosynthesis process. Study concludes that the frequency of the deltamethrin pesticides towards plants is needed at minimal exposure to avoid contaminating soil and maintain a sustainable plant growth.

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Published
2024-04-30
How to Cite
HASHIM, saiyidah nafisah. EFFECT OF DELTAMETHRIN INSECTICIDE TOWARDS Capsicum frutescens. Journal of Academia, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 65-74, apr. 2024. ISSN 2289-6368. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/joa/article/view/24296>. Date accessed: 24 july 2024.
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