DIVERSITY, DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF SOIL MOLLUSCS IN UiTM NEGERI SEMBILAN FOREST RESERVE

  • NURSYAZNI ABDUL RAHIM UiTM CAWANGAN NEGERI SEMBILAN
  • Dayang Nor Shafiqah Awang Shukeran School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Negeri Sembilan Branch, Kuala Pilah Campus, 72000 Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

Abstract

Soil molluscs have long been used as bioindicators due to their high distribution and functional
importance in terrestrial ecosystems. However, their distribution is poorly documented and there is
insufficient research about soil molluscs studies. Hence, a study was conducted to establish their
current status. The present study aimed to identify the diversity and distribution of soil molluscs in
UiTM Negeri Sembilan Forest Reserve. Live snails and dead shells were collected from sixteen 10m
x 10m sampling plots of quadrats at three different sites to determine the abundance of this land snail.
Sampling was carried out by combining visual observation and sorting-sieving soil-leaf litter sample.
The collected samples were preserved in 70% ethanol for later identification in the laboratory. A total
of 16 individuals representing six species of three known families were recorded, namely Achatinidae,
Ariophantidae, and Camaenidae. Achatinidae had dominated all of three sites with 56% of total
samples collected. The statistical analysis showed site A (forest area) had the highest diversity index
(H’=1.213) and site B (forest margin) showed the highest evenness index (E=0.982), whereas site C
(water tank) had the lowest diversity index (H’=0.562), evenness index (E=0.811) and richness index
(R=0.721). One-way ANOVA was also performed on their morphometric variables which resulted in
the existence of significant differences on the shell length and width (p<0.05) while weight had no
significant differences for all species at all sites (p>0.05). The results highlighted the need for long-
term studies and further research should be conducted to document more information of soil molluscs
diversity within this area.

Author Biography

Dayang Nor Shafiqah Awang Shukeran, School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Negeri Sembilan Branch, Kuala Pilah Campus, 72000 Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

Final year student for 2022

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Published
2024-04-30
How to Cite
ABDUL RAHIM, NURSYAZNI; SHUKERAN, Dayang Nor Shafiqah Awang. DIVERSITY, DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF SOIL MOLLUSCS IN UiTM NEGERI SEMBILAN FOREST RESERVE. Journal of Academia, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 75-84, apr. 2024. ISSN 2289-6368. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/joa/article/view/22026>. Date accessed: 24 july 2024.
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