Peranan Pentadbiran Zakat, Infaq, Sedekah dan Wakaf Dalam Sekuriti Makanan Di Kalangan Golongan Rentan ketika Krisis

  • Muhammad Izzat Mohamed
  • Muhammad Hakimi Mohd Shafiai

Abstract

Pandemik Covid-19 adalah fenomena yang tragik dan krisis yang perlu ditangani oleh seluruh dunia serta sangat menguji daya tahan sekuriti makanan sesebuah Negara. Pentadbiran dan pengurusan ZISWAF khusus dalam bidang pertanian adalah amat penting untuk menangani krisis dan melindungi golongan rentan. Penulisan ini berbentuk kualitatif berasaskan data-data dan maklumat daripada kajian kepustakaan dan seterusnya ia dianalisis berdasarkan pendekatan deduktif. Zakat, infak, sedekah dan wakaf mempunyai cara tindak balas tersendiri yang dilihat secara konsistennya dapat membantu golongan rentan. Maka pentadbiran ZISWAF bersesuaian sebagai instrumen dasar untuk bertindak balas mengikut empat garis tindakan yang digunakan dalam Program Tindak Balas Krisis Makanan Global iaitu bertindak dalam mengawal dan menstabilkan harga, bertindak mengukuhkan stok penimbal, bertindak untuk mewujudkan jaringan keselamatan makanan dan dapat bertindak merangsang tindak balas penawaran bekalan dalam pertanian.

References

AAmir A Rehman. (2020). Islamic finance takes on COVID-19, https://www.undp.org/blogs/islamic-finance-takes-covid-19# Akses: 23 August 2021
Abdulkareem, I. A., Mahmud, M. S., AbdulGaniyy, A., & Aliu, O. A. 2020. Establishment of Waqf to Alleviate Poverty Among Muslims in Oyo State South-West, Nigeria: Test of Theory of Planned Behaviour. Li Falah: Jurnal Studi Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam, 5(2), 1-18
ADB (Asian Development Bank). 2011. Global Food Price Inflation and Developing Asia: Special Report. Manila: Asian Development Bank
Ahmad, S. (2020). RM153.24 juta zakat diagih bantu asnaf sepanjang PKP [RM153.24 million in zakat was distributed to help asnaf during the PKP], Retrieved on September 10 ,2020, available at: https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/ nasional/2020/04/676555/rm15324- juta-zakat-diagih-bantu-asnafsepanjangpkp
Ahmed, H. (2007). Waqf-based microfinance: realizing the social role of Islamic finance. Retrieved from https://www.findevgateway.org/sites/default/files/ publications/files/mfg-en-paper-waqf-based-microfinance-realizing-the-social-rol e-of-islamic-finance-2007.pdf.
Alderman, H., and C. Paxson. (1992). ‘Do the Poor Insure? A Synthesis of the Literature on Risk and Consumption in Developing Countries’. WB Policy Research Working Paper No. 1008. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Al Anshory, A. C., Hudaefi, F. A., Junari, U. L., Zaenal, M. H., & Ramdhoni, R. (2020). The role of zakat in institution in preventing Covid-19. Policy Brief (March 2020). Jakarta: PUSKAS-BAZNAS. Retrieved on September 10 ,2020, Available at: https://www.puskasbaznas.com/publ ications/policybrief/1186- the-roleof-zakat institution-in-preventing.
Arshad, F. M. (1997). Sekuriti Makanan dan Isu Tanah Pertanian. Kertas Kerja Persidangan Kebangsaan tentang Land, Emerging Issues and Challenges di Pulau Pinang, 12-15.
Ascarya, P. (2011). Akad dan Produk Bank Syariah. Jakarta: PT. Grafindo Persada.
Balwi, Mohd Abd Wahab Fatoni Mohd. 2008. Mobilisasi zakat dalam pewujudan usahawan asnaf: satu tinjauan. Jurnal Syariah 16, no. 3: 567-584.
Bank Negara Malaysia. (2013). The Marginal Propensity to Consume across Household Income Groups The Marginal Propensity to Consume across Household Income Groups (Working Paper Series: WP2/2013)
Basir, Khairul Hidayatullah, and Mohd Hairul Azrin Besar. 2021. Unlocking Islamic social finance to assist micro small medium enterprises in Brunei Darussalam. COVID-19 and Islamic Social Finance, 185-198.
Beaujeu, R. 2016. Alternative Policies to Buffer Stocks for Food Security, OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, No. 97, OECD Publishing, Paris.
Brown, L., & Gentilini, U. 2007. On the edge: the role of food-based safety nets in helping vulnerable households manage food insecurity. Food insecurity, vulnerability and human rights failure, 82 105. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
Chadijah Haris. 2021. Zakat As A Solution For Public Economic Recovery In The Era Of Covid 19. Journal Economics and Business of Islam 6(1), 1-19.
Deaton, A. 1991. Saving and liquidity constraints. Econometrica, 59(5), 1221-1248
De Janvry, A., & Sadoulet, E. 2008. The global food crisis: Identification of the vulnerable and policy responses. Agricultural and Research Economics Update, Special Issue: Causes and Consequences of the Food Price Crisis, 12(2), 18-21.
Farique, a., Noor, H., Azman, W. (2020). Komplikasi Lanskap 2020. Interdisciplinary Research and International Strategy (IRIS) Institute Berhad.
Gwadabe, N. A., & Ab Rahman, A. 2020. The Role Of Islamic Finance In Mitigating The Economic Impact Of Covid-19 Towards the Attainment of Maqasid Al Shariah: A Case Study of Waqf Institutions in Kano State, Nigeria. The Journal of Muamalat and Islamic Finance Research, 17(Special Issues), 59-70.
Haddad, L., and T. Frankenbergr. (2003). Integrating Relief and Development to Accelerate Reductions in Food Insecurity in Shock-Prone Areas. Occasional Paper No. 2. Washington, DC: USAID/Office of Food for Peace.
Hastuti, Q. A. W., 2016. Infaq Tidak Dapat Dikategorikan Sebagai Pungutan Liar. ZISWAF: Jurnal Zakat dan Wakaf, 3(1), 40-62.
Heitzmann, K., R. Canagarajah, and P. Siegel (2002). Guidelines for Assessing the Sources of Risk and Vulnerability. WB Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0218. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Holzmann, R., and S. Jorgensen. (2000). Social Risk Management: A New Conceptual Framework for Social Protection and Beyond. WB Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0006. Washington, DC: World Bank
Huda, N., & et al. (2012). Keuangan Publik Islam: Pendekatan Teoritis Dan Sejarah. Jakarta: Prenada media Grup, 2012. Prenada Media.
Iskandar, A., Possumah, B. T., &Aqbar, K. 2020. Peran Ekonomi dan Keuangan Sosial Islam saat Pandemi Covid-19 Peran Ekonomi dan Keuangan Sosial Islam Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab ( STIBA ), Makassar. SALAM; Jurnal Sosial & Budaya Syar-I, 7(7), 625–638.
Ismail, M. A., Ab Malik, N. M. A. N., & Shafiai, M. H. M. 2015. Empowering the peripheral ummah through waqf. The Journal of Muamalat and Islamic Finance Research, 12(1), 31-43.
Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. 2020. Malaysia Trade Statistics Review. Retrieved March, 13, 2021, from https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cthemeByCat&cat=482&bul_id=U2FMSFJsUVFpRXQ4MnZCZ3lneFMxdz09&menu_id=azJjRWpYL0VBYU90TVhpclByWjdMQT09
Khalil, M. A. H. M., Ab Rahman, M. F., Thaidi, H. A. A., & Rahman, A. A. (2020). Advantages of Temporary Waqf in Combating COVID-19 Pandemic in Malaysia. INSLA E-Proceedings, 3(1), pp. 167-180).
Mahamood, S. M. 2007. Pembentukan Dana Wakaf Menurut Perspektif Syariah dan Undang-Undang Serta Aplikasinya di Malaysia. Jurnal Syariah, 15(2), 61–83.
Maryatin, dan Subiyanto. 2014. Sebuah Paradoksal Krisis Pangan Dan Ironi Ketahanan Pangan Tinjauan Perspektif Islam. Equilibrium: Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah, 1(1), 93-117.
Mas' ud, Ishak, Mohd Zulkifli Awang, Nurul Aisyah Amir Ramli, and Surina Binti Mohamad Shafi. 2021. Konsep Hospital Mesra Ibadah: Tadbir Urus Berasaskan Maqasid Al-syariah Dan Peranan Zakat. AZKA International Journal of Zakat & Social Finance: 71-90.
May, S. (2018). “The Best of Deeds”: The Practice of Zakat in the UK. Journal of Church and State, 61(2), 200-221.
M Kabir Hassan & Salman Ahmed Shaikh & Selim Kayhan, 2020. Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance: An Economic Analysis, World Scientific Books, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., number 11895, June.
Monzer Kahf. 1999. Fiqhi Issues in the Revival of Awqaf. Paper presented at the Harvard Forum on Islamic Finance and Economics, Havard University.
Nopiardo, W. 2015. Zakat Sebagai Ibadah Maliyah Ijtima’iyah Dalam Perspektif Ilmu Ekonomi Islam. Jurnal Ilmiah Syariah, 14(2), 217-224.
Omar, Pg Mohd Faezul Fikri Ag. 2019. Analisis Prestasi Kecekapan Agihan Zakat: Kajian Di Tabung Baitulmal Sarawak. Labuan e-Journal of Muamalat and Society (LJMS), 60-78.
Pratama, Y. C. 2015. Peran Zakat dalam Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (Studi Kasus: Program Zakat Produktif Pada Badan Amil Zakat Nasional). Tauhidinomics: Journal Of Islamic Banking And Economics, 1(1), 93–104.
Pusparini, Martini Dwi. 2016. Konsep Wakaf Tunai Dalam Ekonomi Islam: Studi Pemikiran Abdul Mannan. Falah: Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah 1(1), 14-28.
Qardawi, Y. (2000). Hukum Zakat: Studi Komparatif Menegnai Status Dan Filsafat Zakat Berdasarkan Qur’an Dan Hadis. PT Pustaka Utera Antar Nusa.
Rahman, A. A. 2009. Peranan Wakaf dalam Pembangunan Ekonomi Umat Islam dan Aplikasinya di Malaysia. Jurnal Syariah, 17(1), 113–152.
Rahman, A. R. A. 2010. Islamic microfinance: An ethical alternative to poverty alleviation. Humanomics, 26(4), 284-295.
Ritonga, M. Aziz, and Erta Mahyudin. (2020). Review of Zakat, Infaq, and Shadaqah as a Similar Terminology. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Recent Innovations (ICRI 2018), (pp. 801-808). SCITEPRESS – Science and Technology Publications, Lda.
Rozita Talha. (2020). Kajian Kes Impak Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan Kepada Penduduk Malaysia, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. Retrieved August, 15, 2021, from https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/uploads/files/6_Newsletter/Newsletter%202020/DOSM_BPPD_1-2020_Siri-17.pdf
Sanusi, M., 2009. The Power of Sedekah, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Insan Madani
SEACON (Southeast Asian Council for Food Security and Fair Trade). (2001). The Rice Economy in South East Asia. Petaling Jaya: Southeast Asian Council for Food Security and Fair Trade.
Shamsaini S. (2020). Perancangan Guna Tanah Untuk Sekuriti Makanan Negara. Retrieved August, 13, 2021, from https://agri.upm.edu.my/upload/dokumen/20210814151412Ucaptama_ (Perancangan_Guna_Tanah_untuk_Sekuriti_Makanan_Negara).pdf
Siraj, S. A. (2012). An empirical investigation into the accounting, accountability and effectiveness of waqf management in the State Islamic Religious Councils (SIRCS) in Malaysia (Doctoral dissertation). Cardiff University.
Subki, S. K. A., Tajari, R., Hussin, N. H., Dzulkifli, M. H., Kroneman, L., & Lin, L. S. (2020). Socio-Economic Impacts of Covid-19 Movement Control Order (MCO) on Women’s Livelihoods in Selangor. Institut Wanita Berdaya Selangor. Licence: Creative Commons Attributions, 5
Suhaimi, F. M., Ab Rahman, A., & Marican, S. 2014. The role of share waqf in the socio-economic development of the Muslim community: The Malaysian experience. Humanomics, 30(3), 227-254.
Syed, M.H.; Khan, S.; Rabbani, M.R.; Thalassinos, Y.E. An artificial intelligence and NLP based Islamic FinTech model combining zakat and Qardh-Al-Hasan for countering the adverse impact of COVID 19 on SMEs and individuals. Int. J. Econ. Bus. Adm. 2020, 8, 351–364
Tokar, B. and Magdoff, F. 2009. An overview of the food and agriculture crisis. Monthly Review 61(3), 1. Dicapai daripada http://monthlyreview.org/2009/07/01/ an-overview-of-the-food-andagriculture-crisis
Umar, U.H., 2021. 9 Adapting the Al Rajhi waqf model to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on the ummah. COVID-19 and Islamic Social Finance, p.133.
Usama, A. 2014. Waqf finance for micro projects. Journal of Awqaf, 115-162. Retrieved on February 20, 2020. Available at: https:// papers. ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3427854.
World Bank. 2008. Commodity Markets Review. November 12. Washington D.C.:
DECPG, The World Bank.
World Bank (2008) Framework document for proposed loans, credits and grants in the amount of US$ 1.2 billion equivalent for a Global Food Crisis Response Program. Mimeo. The World Bank, Washington, DC. 26 June. https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/717381468137698947/pdf/438410BR0REVIS10and0IDAR20081016212.pdf
World Bank (2020), World Bank Country and Lending Groups, https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519-world-bank-country-and-lending groups#:~:text=%EF%BB%BF%EF%BB%BF%20For%20the%20current,those%20with%20a%20GNI%20per
Yaacob, H. 2013. Waqf History and Legislation in Malaysia : A Contemporary Perspective. Journal of Islamic and Human Advanced Research, 3(6), 387–402.
Yusoff, Mohammed B. 2006. Fiscal Policy in an Islamic Economy and the Role of Zakat. International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting 14(2), 29.
Zuhayli, W., El-Gamal, M. A., & Eissa, M. S. (2007). Financial Transactions in Islamic Jurisprudence (ElGamal, M. A., and Eissa, M. S., Trans.). Syria: Dar Al-Fikr.
Published
2021-12-31
How to Cite
MOHAMED, Muhammad Izzat; MOHD SHAFIAI, Muhammad Hakimi. Peranan Pentadbiran Zakat, Infaq, Sedekah dan Wakaf Dalam Sekuriti Makanan Di Kalangan Golongan Rentan ketika Krisis. Jurnal Dunia Pengurusan, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 4, p. 37-55, dec. 2021. ISSN 2682-8251. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/jdpg/article/view/16640>. Date accessed: 29 may 2022.
Section
Articles