Komuniti Pembelajaran Profesional (PLC) dalam Pembangunan Profesionalisme Keguruan: Satu Tinjauan Literatur

  • Mohd Hashiq Hashim Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

Abstract

Komuniti pembelajaran professional atau lebih dikenali sebagai professional learning community (PLC) merupakan amalan atau budaya yang dipraktikkan dalam kalangan guru di sekolah bertujuan untuk menambahbaik kaedah pembelajaran serta tahap prestasi murid. Kertas konsep ini dibuat bagi meneliti serta membincangkan keperluan bagi membangunkan profesionalisme keguruan khususnya melalui pembudayaan PLC di sekolah menerusi amalan kolaboratif. Terdapat pelbagai pandangan serta pendapat daripada pengkaji-pengkaji lepas berkaitan komuniti pembelajaran profesional dalam memastikan pembangunan guru secara profesional dapat dilaksanakan secara berterusan. Hasil daripada tinjauan literatur yang dibuat, dapat disimpulkan bahawa terdapat pelbagai kebaikan dalam pembudayaan PLC di sekolah khususnya dalam meningkatkan kompetensi seorang guru di samping menjamin kemenjadian murid. Dapatan daripada kertas konsep ini diharapkan dapat memberikan impak yang positif kepada guru untuk menjadi lebih berkualiti pada masa akan datang. Kesimpulannya, pelaksanaan PLC di sekolah mampu untuk membangunkan profesionalisme keguruan selaras dengan Pelan Pembangunan Profesionalisme Keguruan (PIPPK).

References

Al-Jammal, K. (2015). School as professional learning communities: The case of Lebanese private schools. The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies, 3(10), 1-23.
Antinlouma, M., Illomaki, L., & Toom, A. (2021). Practices of professional learning communities. Frontiers in Education, 6, 1-14.
Bantwini, B.D. (2019). Developing a culture of collaboration and learning among natural science teachers as a continuous professional development approach in a province in South Africa. Teacher Development, 23(2), 213-232.
Carpenter, Peter & Sundin (2009). Professional learning communities: A case study of three elementary schools. Ed.D. dissertation, Wilmington University (Delaware), United States -Delaware. Retrieved March 25, 2023, from Dissertations & Theses: Full Text database. (Publication No. AAT 3342825).
De Jong, L., Meirink, J., & Admiraal, W. (2021). Teacher learning in the context of teacher collaboration: connecting teacher dialogue to teacher learning. Research Papers in Education, 37(6), 1165-1188.
Fullan, M. (2007). The new meaning of educational change. 4th. Ed. Change. Teacher College Press.
Fullan, M. (2000). The three stories of education reform. The Phi Delta Kappan, 81(8), 581-584.
Fullan, M., & Miles, M. B. (2015). Getting reform right: What works and what doesn’t. Phi Delta Kappan, 73, 745–752.
Forrest, R., Lowe, R., Potts, M., & Poyser, C. (2019). Identifying the factors that influence teacher practice change in a single case study. Educational Psychology in Practice, 35(4), 395-410.
Ganser, T. (2000). An ambitious vision of professional development: The case of Irish second- level teachers. Journal of European Industrial Training, 22(9), 375-387.
Gunasegaran Karuppannan, Hatnin Duari & Heng Sze Phing. (2022). Hubungan antara amalan profesional komuniti pembelajaran (PLC) dan efikasi guru: Analisis kuantitatif ke atas guru sekolah menengah. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, 21-33.
Gurumoorthy Poobalan, Junaidi Asman, Roslee Talip, Shanmuganathan Mookan, Rosna Padan, Sukuneswari Kaliappan, Nazibah Binti Mohd Yusoff, Jusini Tampolong. (2021). PLC dalam konteks PDPR. Unpublished manuscript.
Hord, S. (1997). Professional learning communities: communities of continuous inquiry and improvement. Leadership, 40(1), 58-59.
Hoyle, E. (1982). The professionalization of teachers: A paradox. British Journal of Educational Studies, 30(2), 161-171.
Huffman, J. B. and Hipp, UK. (2003) Professional Learning Community Organizer, in J. B. Huffman and K.K. Hipp (eds) Professional Learning Communities: Initiation to Implementation. Scarecrow Press.
Iksan, Z., Mohamad Ariffin, R. ‘Aqilah, & Syed Imam, S. S. J. (2021). Membina pembangunan insan melalui kolaboratif guru dalam komuniti pembelajaran profesional. Sains Insani, 6(1), 105–112.
Jeffri Mat Yasim, Azlin Norhaini Mansor, & Aida Hanim Ab Hamid. (2019). Kepimpinan instruksional abad ke 21 dalam amalan komuniti pembelajaran profesional dalam kalangan guru besar di Malaysia. ASEAN Comparative Education Research Journal on Islam and Civilization (ACER-J), 3(2), 21-37.
Kamarudin Ismail, Rosnah Ishak, Fanny Khoo Chee Yuet, Siti Hajar Kamaruddin. (2019). Komuniti pembelajaran profesional sebagai budaya kolaborasi profesional sekolah: Teori dan amalan. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 15(4), 261-273.
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2019). Kit PLC Professional Learning Community. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia.
Louis, K. S., & Kruse, S. D. (1995). Professionalism and community: Perspectives on reforming urban schools. Corwin Press.
Lummis, B. (2001). Guide to collaborative culture and shared leadership. Center for Collaborative Education.
Ma, K., Chutiyami, M., Zhang, Y., & Nicoll, S. (2021). Online teaching self-efficacy during COVID-19: Changes, its associated factors and moderators. Education and Information Technologies.
Mohd Faiz Mohd Yaakob & Jamal Nordin Yunus. (2015). Konsep komuniti pembelajaran profesional, kepimpinan dan transformasi sekolah kepada komuniti pembelajaran profesional. Seminar Nasional Pengurusan dan Kepimpinan Pendidikan, 4.
Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani, Abdul Khalil Adnan, Zaharah Hussin, Norfariza Mohd Radzi, Ainoor Mahfuzah Ahmad, & Faisol Elham. (2016). Program pembangunan profesionalisme guru sekolah berprestasi tinggi. Jurnal Kepimpinan Pendidikan, 3(3),76-103.
Mupa, P., & Chinooneka, T. I. (2015). Factors contributing to ineffective teaching and learning in primary schools: Why are schools in decadence?. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(19), 125-132.
Noor Lela Ahmad, Hariyaty Ab Wahid, Hazianti Abdul Halim, Zuraidah Ismail, & Normala Abd Rani. (2014). Amalan pembangunan profesional (ldp) dalam kalangan guru sekolah menengah daerah Manjung.
Nur Asyikin Ab Latif, Mohd Izham Mohd Hamzah, & Mohammed Yussof Mohd Nor. (2021). Perubahan guru dalam amalan dan pegangan: Peranan kolaborasi. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, 3(1), 279-288.
OECD. (2009). The professional development of teachers. OECD Observer.
OECD. (1998). Education at a Glance 1998. OECD Indicators.
Owen, S. (2014). Teacher professional learning communities: Going beyond contrived collegiality toward challenging debate and collegial learning and professional growth. Australian Journal of Adult Learning, 54(2), 54-76.
Radin, M., & Yasin, M. A. (2018). Perlaksanaan pendidikan abad Ke-21 di Malaysia: Satu tinjauan awal. Sains Humanika, 10(3-2), 1-6.
Rahmat Fadli. (2021). Implementasi kompetensi pembelajaran sepanjang hayat melalui program literasi di perpustakaan sekolah. Jurnal Kajian Informasi & Perpustakaan, 9(1), 19-38.
Roslizam Hassan, Jamilah Ahmad, & Yusof Boon. (2018). Professional Learning Community in Malaysia. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(3.30), 433.
Ruslina Ibrahim, Helmi Norman, Norazah Nordin, & Khairol Azwar Mazin. (2020). Research trends in ICT and education: A systematic review of continuous professional development courses for online educators. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1529(4).
Sergiovianni, T. J. (1994). Building community in schools. Jossey- Bass.
Schmoker, M. (2004). Learning communities at the crossroads: Toward the best schools we've ever had. The Phi Delta Kappan, 86(1), 84-88.
Smith, R., Ralston, N., & Naegele, Z. (2016). Professional development through PLCs: Method for measuring PLC efficacy. Education Faculty Publications and Presentations. 39.
Waldron, N. L., & McLeskey, J. (2010). Establishing a collaborative school culture through comprehensive school reform. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 20(1), 58-74.
Siti Nafsiah Ismail, Zuraidah Abdullah, Abdul Jalil Othman, & Salwati Shafie. (2018). Amalan Komuniti Pembelajaran profesional dalam kalangan guru Bahasa Melayu di Selangor. Jurnal Kepimpinan Pendidikan, 5(4), 1-19.
Stoll, L., & Louis, K. S. (2007). Divergence, depth and dilemmas. Open University Press.
Sudarwan Danim. (2018). Integrated management model of teacher training institution at the provincial level. Advance in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 174, 217-221.
Suwalska, A. (2020). Professional learning communities in the contemporary basic education in Finland. Yearbook of Pedagogy, 2020, 81-94.
Syahruan Azan Ngamid, Nur Surayyah Madhubala Abdullah, & Asmawati Suhid. (2015). Perapatan Hubungan Guru Dan Murid Serta Pengaruhnya terhadap Tingkah Laku Moral. Jurnal Perspektif, 1, 72-83.
Tam, A.C.F. (2014). The role of a professional learning community in teacher change: A perspective from beliefs and practices. Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Harvard University press.
Wang, J., Odell, S. J., Kleca, C. L., Spalding. E., & Lin, E. (2010). Understanding teacher education reform. Journal of Teacher Education, 61(5), 395-402.
Wilson, S. M., & Berne, J. (2016). Teacher learning and the acquisition of professional knowledge: An examination of research on contemporary professional development. Dalam A. Iran-Nejad and P. D. Pearson (Eds.), Review of Research in Education, 24, 173–209.
Yee, B. (2019). Penggunaan komuniti pembelajaran profesional dalam perubahan guru melalui Program Transformasi Sekolah 2025(TS25) di sekolah rendah Malaysia. Prosiding Seminar Penyelidikan Pendidikan Kebangsaan (SPPK) 2019, 620-629.
Zhang, J., Yuan, R., & Yu, S. (2017). What impedes the development of professional learning communities in China? Perceptions from leaders and frontline teachers in three schools in Shanghai. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 45(2), 219-237.
Zuraidah Abdullah. (2009). Pembentukan komuniti pembelajaran profesional: Kajian terhadap sekolah menengah di Malaysia. Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan UNY, 5(2), 79-95.
Published
2024-03-31
How to Cite
HASHIM, Mohd Hashiq. Komuniti Pembelajaran Profesional (PLC) dalam Pembangunan Profesionalisme Keguruan: Satu Tinjauan Literatur. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 446-454, mar. 2024. ISSN 2682-826X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/jdpd/article/view/25636>. Date accessed: 15 june 2024.
Section
Articles