Hubungan antara Kemahiran Digital dan Motivasi Murid Sekolah Rendah dalam Pembelajaran Digital Sejarah

  • Nur Farhana Mohamad Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Mohd Mahzan Awang
  • Norasmah Othman

Abstract

Perkembangan yang pesat dalam teknologi global telah menyebabkan bidang pendidikan mula mengalami revolusi ke arah pendidikan digital. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara kemahiran digital dengan motivasi murid sekolah rendah terhadap pembelajaran digital dalam mata pelajaran Sejarah. Reka bentuk kajian ini adalah kajian berbentuk kuantitatif. Seramai 375 orang murid sekolah rendah di Putrajaya telah dipilih secara rawak sebagai responden kajian. Instrumen soal selidik telah digunakan untuk mendapatkan data daripada responden. Data kajian dianalisis secara kaedah statistik deskriptif menggunakan Perisian Statistical Package for Social Science(SPSS) versi 29. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan tahap kemahiran digital murid sekolah rendah dan motivasi murid terhadap pembelajaran digital dalam mata pelajaran Sejarah berada di tahap tinggi. Ini bermakna murid sekolah rendah telah menguasai kemahiran asas digital serta mempunyai keinginan yang tinggi untuk belajar mata pelajaran Sejarah melalui pembelajaran digital. Bagi melihat hubungan antara kemahiran digital dengan motivasi murid terhadap pembelajaran digital Sejarah, ujian korelasi Pearson telah digunakan. Hasil kajian melaporkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kemahiran digital dengan motivasi murid terhadap pembelajaran digital Sejarah. Ini menunjukkan tahap penguasaan kemahiran digital murid sekolah rendah akan memberi impak terhadap motivasi mereka. Justeru, pihak yang berkepentingan dapat mengenal pasti langkah terbaik bagi meningkatkan lagi kemahiran digital dalam kalangan murid sekolah rendah. Hal ini adalah demikian kerana kemahiran digital adalah salah satu faktor penting yang mempengaruhi motivasi murid untuk mengikuti pembelajaran secara digital.

References

Abdelouafi, H. (2020). E-learning experience at Algerian universities during Covid-19: University of Ahmed Draia Adrar as a model. Innovative Pedagogies in the Pandemic Era and Beyond, 6(2), 1-13.
Acquah, E. O., & Katz, H. T. (2020). Digital game-based L2 learning outcomes for primary through high-school students: A systematic literature review. Computer & Education, 143, 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103667
Ahmadi, R., & Ahmadi, S. (2023). The effect of educational digital games on creativity, motivation and academic progress in elementary school students’ Mathematic lessons. Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory, 6(21), 39-50.
Ajagbe, D. (2021). Effect of digital learning on students’ motivation and attitudes. International Journal of Advance Research (IJAR), 9(10), 986-991.
Alonso, R. K., Velez, A., Martinez-Monteagudo, M. C. (2023). Interventions for the development of intrinsic motivation in university online education : Systematic review-enhancing the 4th sustainable development goal. Sustainability, 15(13), 2-14.
Alkaabi, S. A. R., Alkaabi, W., & Vyver, G. (2017). Researching student motivation. Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 10(3), 193-202.
Almedina, M. I. A., & Rodríguez, R. S. (2019). An evaluation of primary -school pupils’ digital competence. Revista ESPACIOS, 40(21), 12-19.
Anthonysamy, L. (2022). Motivational belief, an important contrivance in elevating digital literacy among university students. Heliyon, 8(12), 1-10.
Arnelia Dwi Yasa & Sri Rahayu. (2023). A survey of elementary school students’digital literacy skills in Sciences learning. In Habiddin Habiddin & Nazril Farida (Eds.), The 5th International Conference on Mathematic and Science Education. AIP Publishing.
Avdiu, E. (2019). Game-based learning practices in Austrian elementary schools. Educational Process: International Journal, 8(3), 196-206.
Bani Ahmad, F., Al-Nawaiseh , S. J., & Al-Nawaiseh, A. J. (2023). Receptivity level of faculty members in universities using digital learning tools: A UTAUT perspective. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 18(13), 209–219.
Barrot, J.S., Llenares, I.I., & Del Rosario, L.S. (2021). Students’ online learning challenges during the pandemic and how they cope with them: The case of the Philippines. Educ Inf Technol, 26, 7322-7338.
Baxter, J., Floyd, A., & Jewitt, K. (2022). Pandemic, a catalyst for change: Strategic planning for digital education in English secondary schools, before during and post covid. British Educational Reasearch Jurnal, 49(2): 329-351. https://doi.org/10.1002/berj.3845
Beardsley, M., Albó, L., Aragón, P., & Davinia, H.L. (2021). Emergency education effects on teacher abilities and motivation to use digital technologies. British Journal of Educational Technology, 52(2), 1455-1477.
Bond, T.G., & Fox, C.M. (2007). Applying the Rasch model: Fundamental measurement in the human sciences (2nd ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Buehl, M. M., & Alexander, P. A. (2009). Beliefs about learning in academic domains. In W. K. R. Wenzel & A. Wigfield (Eds.), Handbook of motivation at school (pp. 479-501). Routledge.
Cai, Z., Fan, X., & Du, J.(2017). Gender and attitudes toward technology use: A meta-analysis. Computer & Education, 105,1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2016.11.003
Chung, A. K. Y., Melor Md Yunus & Ashairi Suliman. (2019). Using social media in writing among primary school pupils. Religación Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, 7(5), 1272-1279.
Coşkunserçe, O. & Aydoğdu, Ş. (2022). Investigating the digital skills of undergraduate students in terms of various variables. Journal of Educational Technology & Online Learning, 5(4), 1219-1237.
Csernoch, M., & Biró, P. (2019). Are digital natives spreadsheet natives?. Proceedings of the EuSpRIG 2019 Conference. https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.00865
Daniel, E. (2016.) The usefulness of qualitative and quantitative approaches and methods in researching problem-solving ability in Science education curriculum. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(5), 91-100.
Deci, E.L., & Ryan R.M. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: Classic defnitions and new directions. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25(1), 54–67. https:// doi.org/10.1006 /ceps.1999.1020.
Deng, A., Zarrett, N., Moon, J., & Sweeney, A. M. (2023). Changing trajectory of daily physical activity levels among at-risk adolescents: Influences of motivational mechanisms. BMC Public Health, 23(1), 1-11.
Diantari, N. M. E., & Tirtayani, L. A. (2020). Motivation for learning English early childhood through storytelling method using e-big book media. Journal of Education Technology, 4(2), 211- 217. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v4i2.25155
Digital Nasional. (2023, Disember 15). Terokai pelaksanaan 5G. https://www.digital-nasional.com.my/ms/interactive-map#map
El-Seoud, M. S. A., Taj-Eddin, I. A. T. F., Seddiek, N., El-Khouly, M. M, & Nosseir, A. (2014). E-learning and students’ motivation: A research study on the effect of e-learning on higher education. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 9(4), 20-26.
Ertl, B., Csanadi, A., & Tarnai, C. (2020). Getting closer to the digital divide: An analysis of impacts on digital competencies based on the German PIAAC sample. International journal of educational development, 78, 1-10.https://doi.org/10.1016/j. ijedudev.20 20.102259
Fasting, M. (2022). Habit and doubt in the classroom: Everyday media literacy in a Norwegian upper secondary school: Visuality design in and for education. Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy, 7(1), 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1163/23644583-bja10034
Filgona, J., Sakiyo, J., Gwany, D. M., & Okoronko, A. U. (2020). Motivation in learning. Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies, 10(4),16-37.
Gómez-Poyato, M. J., Eito-Mateo, A., Mira-Tamayo, D. C., Matías-Solanilla, A. (2022). Digital Skills, ICTs and students’ needs: A case study in social work degree, University of Zaragoza (Aragón-Spain). Education Sciences, 12(7), 1-18.https://doi.org/10.3390/ educsci12070443
Herath, H., Bano, Y., & Vasantha, S. (2021). E-learning capability maturity during Covid 19 pandemic-a qualitative approach. Quality-Access to Success, 22(184), 232–236.
Holik, I., Kersánszki, T., Molnár, G., Sanda, I. D. (2023). Teachers’ digital skills and methodological characteristics of online education. International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy (iJEP), 13(4), 50–65. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijep.v13i4.37077
Irwan Koto. (2020). Teaching and learning Science using YouTube videos and discovery learning in primary school. Mimbar Sekolah Dasar, 7(1), 106-118.
Jeno, L. M., Grytnes, J. A., & Vandvik, V. (2017). The effect of a mobile-application tool on biology students’ motivation and achievement in species identification: A Self Determination Theory perspective. Computer & Education, 107, 1-12.
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2013). Pelan pembangunan pendidikan Malaysia. Percetakan Nasional Berhad.
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2021). KSSR Sejarah tahun 6. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2023a). Dasar pendidikan digital. Bahagian Sumber dan Teknologi Pendidikan.
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2023b). Risalah maklumat asas pendidikan KPM. https://emisonline.moe.gov.my/risalahmap/
Kirschner, P. A., & De Bruyckere, P. (2017). The myths of the digital native and the multitasker. Teaching and Teacher Education, 67, 135-142.
Li, J., Brar, A., & Roihan, N. (2021). The use of digital technology to enhance language and literacy skills for indigenous people:A Systematic literature review.Computers and Education Open, 2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.caeo.2021.100035
Liu, Y.J., Zhou, Y.G., Li, Q.L., & Ye, X.D. (2022). Impact study of the learning effects and motivation of competitive modes in gamified learning. Sustainability, 14(11), 1-14.
Luic, L., & Alic, M. (2022). The importance of developing students’ digital skills for the digital transformation of the curriculum [Conference session].16th international technology, education and development conference. https://doi.org/10.21125/inted.2022
Manzuoli, C. H., Sánchez, A. V., & Bedoya, E. D. (2019). Digital citizenship: A theoretical review of the concept and trends. Turkish Online Journal Education Technology (TOJET), 18( 2), 10–18.
Martínez-Bravo, M-C., Sadaba-Chalezquer, C., & Serrano-Puche, J. (2020). Fifty years of digital literacy studies: A meta-research for interdisciplinary and conceptual convergence. Profesional de la información, 29(4), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.jul.28
Mata, L., Pedro, I., & Peixoto, F.J. (2018). Parental support, student motivational orientation and achievement: The impact of emotions. The International Journal of Emotional Education, 10(2), 77-92.
Maulana, W.A., Wilujeng,I., & Kuswanto, H. (2019). Learning with the social media assisted science, technology and society approach to improve self-learning motivation. Journal of Physics:Conf. Series, 1233(1), 1-8. https://doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1233/1/0120602
Mehrvarz, M., Heidari, E., Farrokhnia, M., & Noroozi, O. (2021). The mediating role of digital informal learning in the relationship between students’ digital competence and their academic performance. Computers and Education, 167(2).
Meşe, E. & Sevilen, Ç. (2021). Factors influencing EFL students’ motivation in online learning: A qualitative case study. Journal of Educational Technology & Online Learning, 4(1), 11-22.
Mohamad Nazul Ismail. (2020). Cabaran kepimpinan dalam pengurusan pembelajaran digital. Jurnal Refleksi Kepemimpinan, 3, 20-24.
Muhammad Iqbal Murtadho, Rizqa Yuhda Rohmah, Zahrotul Jamilah, & Muhamad Furqon. (2023). The role of digital literacy in improving students’ competence in digital era. AL-WILDAN: Journal of Islamic Education Studies, 8(2), 253-260.
Muniroh Hamat, Siti Balqis Mahlan & Ch’ng Pei Eng. (2020). Adaptasi pengajaran dan pembelajaran secara maya dalam kebiasaan baharu semasa pandemik Covid-19. SIG:e-Learning@CS.
Nguyen, M. H., Le, T. H. A., Dinh, T. N. H., Nguyen, T. P. T., Nhu, T. P. L., Chu, T. M. H., & Mai, V. N. (2021). Impact and features of Chinese realism in painting with focus on tradition and modernity. Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers, 12(1),173 – 178.
Nur Atikah Ahmad, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, & Mas Nida Khambari. (2019). Gender digital divide:Digital dkills among Malaysian secondary school. Internasional Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 8(4), 668-687.
Thulasirani, M., Salina Hussain, Mohd Azizan Abdul Jabar & Zuraini Jusoh. (2021). Effectiveness of quizizz in interactive teaching and learning Malay grammar. Asian Journal of University Education, 17(3), 109-118.
UNDP. (2022). Digital skills: Needs and opportunities. https://www.undp.org/sites/g/files /zskgke326/files/202309/digital_skills_needs_and_opportunities.pdf
Oregon Department of Education. (2021). Key components of digital learning: A starting point for design, dialogue and implementation. https://shorturl.at/mrvL3
Palczynska, M. (2021). Overeducation and wages: the role of cognitive skills and personality traits. Baltic Journal of Economics, 21(1), 85-111.
Pirzada, K., & Khan, F. (2013). Measuring relationship between digital skills and employability. European Journal of Business and Management, 5(24), 124-133.
Ramalingam, K. & Yeo, K. J. (2022). Influence of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in learning among primary school student. Xentral asia and the Caucasus, 23 (1) 1884-1893.
Sayaf, A. M., Alamri, M. M., Alqahtani, M. A., & Al-Rahmi, W. M.(2021). Information and communications technology used in higher education: An empirical study on digital learning as sustainability. Sustainability, 13, 1-19.
Siti Kowiyah, Yatim Riyanto, & Harmanto. (2021). Contextualization and connectivity of digital literacy in primary school Social Studies during the Covid-19 pandemic. Jurnal PAJAR, 5(3), 820-830
Syahrini Shawalludin, Neesa Ameera Mohamed Salim, Azlan Abdul Rahman, Azlin Azman, Fauziah Mohamad Yunus. (2020). Learning styles via interactive digital media: Malaysia History. International Journal on E-Learning and Higher Education, 13,187-201.
Taşkıran, C., & Salur, M. (2021). Analysis of the opinions of Social Studies teachers on digital literacy skills. World Journal of Education, 11(2), 72-84.
Wagiran, W., Suharjana, S., Nurtanto, M., & Mutohhari, F. Determining the e-learning readiness of higher education students: A study during the COVID-19 pandemic. Heliyon, 8(10). doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e11160.
Wiwin Handoko, Eva Mizkat, Auliana Nasution, Hambali & Juna Eska. (2021). Gamification in learning using quizizz application as assessment tools. Journal of Physics:Conference Series, 1783, 1-6
Yahiaoui, F., Aichouche, R., Chergui, K., Brika, S.K.M, Almezher, M., Musa, A. A., & Lamari, I. A. (2022). The impact of e-learning systems on motivating students and enhancing their outcomes during COVID-19: A mixed-method approach. Frontiers in Psychoogyl, 13, 1-13.
Yili, L., & Tsai, C. (2017). Accessing online learning material : Quantitative behavior patterns and their effects on motivating and learning perfomance. Computer & Education, 114, 286-297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2017.07.007
Yilmaz, R. (2017). Exploring the role of e-learning readiness on student satisfaction and motivation in flipped classroom. Computers in Human Behavior, 70(1), 1–16.
Zamri Mahamod & Anita Abdul Rahman.(2020). COVID-19: Impak dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Dlm. Zamri Mahamod & Anita Abdul Rahman. (Pnyt.) Sistem Pendidikan di Malaysia:Sejarah dan Cabaran Abad Ke-21(hlm. 449-486). Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Zhang, A., Olelewe, C. J., Orji, C. T., Ibezim, N. E., Sunday, N. H., Obichukwu, P. U., & Okanazu, O. O. (2020). Effects of innovative and traditional teaching methods on technical college students' achievement in computer craft practices. SAGE Open, 10(4). 1-11.
Zhao, L., Liu, Y., & Su, Y.S. (2023). Personality traits’ prediction of the digital skills divide between urban and rural college students:A longitudinal and cross-sectional analysis of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Educational Technology & Society, 26(4), 150-162.
Published
2024-03-31
How to Cite
MOHAMAD, Nur Farhana; AWANG, Mohd Mahzan; OTHMAN, Norasmah. Hubungan antara Kemahiran Digital dan Motivasi Murid Sekolah Rendah dalam Pembelajaran Digital Sejarah. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 334-348, mar. 2024. ISSN 2682-826X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/jdpd/article/view/25629>. Date accessed: 15 june 2024.
Section
Articles