Kesan Pandemik Covid-19 Terhadap Kesihatan Mental Masyarakat di Malaysia: Kajian Sorotan Literatur Sistematik

  • Siti Khadijah Rosli NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA
  • Mohd Izwan Mahmud
  • Mohd Khalid Mohd Nasir

Abstract

Since 2019, there are many drastic changes at global level due to Covid19 outbreak. In Malaysia, many people are badly affected especially their mental health.  Thus, this study was conducted to study the effects of Covid19 pandemic towards the community members’ mental health and identify the themes of the study of mental health issues. In addition, the researchers attempted to promote studies on this area. The researcher had identified relevant research themes through Systematic Literature Review (SLR) and Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) approaches. The articles studied are published between 2019 until 2022. These articles were obtained from a few platforms namely Google Scholar, UKM Institutional Repository, Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus databases. These articles were further selected in order to ensure that they are relevant to the research aim of this study. Generally, the findings of this study indicate that there are four main themes namely (1) the level of mental health; 2) factors affecting their mental health; 3) mental health and resilience 4) efforts to address their mental health issues. It is hoped that the findings of this study could help the relevant authority in developing more effective measures to curb mental health issues among the community.

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th edition). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing
Azmi, K. (2021). Kajian Systematic Review (SLR) Tentang Kesihatan Mental di Malaysia Semasa Pandemik Covid-19. Sains Insani, volume 06 No.3 167-182
Bahari, A., Mahmud, I., Wahed, M., Adnan, A. & Adira, S. (2021). Challenges and emotional well-being of students in facing new learning norms. International Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 4 (3): 194-202
Berita Harian. (2020, Oktober 10). Hampir setengah juta rakyat Malaysia alami simptom depresi. Capaian pada 26 Julai 2021 daripada https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/nasional/2020/10/740400/hampir-setengah-juta-rakyat-malaysia-alami-simptom-depresi
Chong, S. T., (2021) Aplikasi Teknik Ketara Sedar Bagi Pemerkasaan Kesihatan Mental Semasa Pandemik Covid-19. Vol. 18. No.6 (2021). 17-27. ISSN: 1823-884x
Chui, P.L.; Chong, M.C.; Abdullah, K.L.; Ramoo, V.; Tang, L.Y.; Lee, W.L.; Che, C.C.; Yahaya, N.A.; Rasaiah, K.; Zaini, N.H.; et al. (2021). The COVID-19 Global Pandemic and Its Impact on the Mental Health of Nurses in Malaysia. Healthcare, 9, 1259. https://doi.org/10.3390/ healthcare9101259

Cockburn et al. BMC Psychology (2022) 10:49 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-022-00759-y

Dasar Kesihatan Mental Negara (2012). Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia. Capaian pada 23 Oktober 2020 daripada https://www.moh.gov.my/moh/resources/Penerbit an/Rujukan/ NCD/Kesihatan%20Mental/8_Dasar_Kesihatan_ Mental_Negara.pdf
Emanuel, E. J., Persad, G., Upshur, R., Thome, B., Parker, M., Glickman, A., Zhang, C., Boyle, C., Smith, M., y Philips, J. P. (2020). Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of COVID-19. New England Journal of Medicine
Holmes, E. A., O'Connor, R. C., Perry, V. H., Tracey, I., Wessely, S., Arseneault, L., Ballard, C., Christensen, H., Cohen Silver, R., Everall, I., Ford, T., John, A., Kabir, T., King, K., Madan, I., Michie, S., Przybylski, A. K., Shafran, R., Sweeney, A., Worthman, C. M., Bullmore, E. (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. The lancet Psychiatry, 7(6), 547–560.
Ismail, M. K., Sarifuddin, S. & Shuhada, N. (2020). Perbezaan bangsa signifikan terhadap kesihatan mental semasa pandemik Covid-19 di Malaysia. International Journal of Muamalat, Vol. 4(1), 36-45.
Ismail, N.; Tajjudin, A.I.; Jaafar, H.; Nik Jaafar, N.R.; Baharudin, A.; Ibrahim, N. The Relationship between Internet Addiction, Internet Gaming and Anxiety among Medical Students in a Malaysian Public University during COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11870. https:// doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211870
Kamsani, I. I., & Mahat, A. (2021). Covid 19: Impak e-pembelajaran terhadap kesihatan pelajar universiti. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, 3(3), 53-60.
Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia. (2017). Statistik Tinjauan Kesihatan dan Morbiditi Kebangsaan: Key Findings from the Adolescent Health and Nutrition Surveys. http://iku.moh.gov.my/images/IKU/Document/REPORT/NHMS2017/NHMS2017Info graphic.pdf.
Khaiyom, A. (2020). Managing mental health in pandemic COVID-19 and movement control order. Malays J Med Sci. 2020;27(4):147–153. Doi: https://doi.org/10.21315/mjms2020.27.4.14.
Mohd Noor, N.; Che Yusof, R.; Yacob, M.A. Anxiety in Frontline and Non-Frontline Healthcare Providers in Kelantan, Malaysia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 861. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18030
Moy, F., M. (2021). Perception towards E-learning and COVID-19 on the Mental Health of University students in Malaysia. Article reuse guidelines: sagepub.com/journals-permissions DOI: 10.1177/00368504211029812 journals.sagepub.com/home/sci
Mustaffa, N. (2020). Mengatasi kebimbangan semasa pandemik covid-19 dengan pendekatan Teori Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT). Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(11), 10-16.
Nadhirah Samsudin & Shahlan Surat. (2022). Hubungan Strategi Daya Tindak dan Kesihatan Mental Terhadap Pelajar Luar Bandar dalam Menghadapi Pembelajaran Semasa Covid-19. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 7(3), e001379.
Narendra Kumar, M.K.; Francis, B.; Hashim, A.H.; Zainal, N.Z.; Abdul Rashid, R.; Ng, C.G.; Danaee, M.; Hussain, N.; Sulaiman, A.H. Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression among Psychiatric Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Malaysian Perspective. Healthcare 2022, 10, 532. https://doi.org/10.3390/ healthcare 10030532
National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS), (2017). Key Findings from the Adolescent Health and Nutrition Surveys Infographic Booklet April 2018.
Rashid, A., Shafie, A., Hamidaton, U. & Syafiqah, R. (2020). “Strategi Pembangunan Aspek Kesejahteraan Kendiri bagi Mendepani Tekanan Akademik Semasa Wabak COVID-19”, Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), 5 (12): 16 - 30. doi: https://doi.org/10.47405/mjssh.v5i12.594.
Usman, A., Razi, F., Shahabudin, Gulenh M., Muhamad, R. (2020). Systematic Literature Review On The Requirement Of Quranic Psychotherapy Model: Paedophilia Recovery Foundation. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, Vol 8, No 2, 862-869.
Rathakrishnan B., Singh SSB, Yahaya A., Kamaluddin M. R., and Aziz S. F. A. (2022) The Relationship Among Spirituality, Fear, and Mental Health on COVID-19 Among Adults: An Exploratory Research. Front. Psychol. 12:815332. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.815332
Subhas, N.; Pang, N.T.-P.; Chua, W.-C.; Kamu, A.; Ho, C.-M.; David, I.S.; Goh, W.W.-L.; Gunasegaran, Y.I.; Tan, K.-A. (2021). The Cross-Sectional Relations of COVID-19 Fear and Stress to Psychological Distress among Frontline Healthcare Workers in Selangor, Malaysia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10182. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph181910182
WHO. (2004). Promoting mental health: concepts, emerging evidence, practice (Summary Report). Geneva: World Health Organization.
Wil, N. C., & Othman, N. (2021). Tahap Resilien dan Kesihatan Mental Individu di Era Pandemik Covid-19: Satu Kajian Empirikal dalam Kalangan Remaja di Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH), Volume 6, Issue 9, (page 26 - 34).
Yee et al. Ann Gen Psychiatry (2021) 20:31 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12991-021-00352-4
Zarkasi, K. A., Danker, T. J., Julani, I. M., Rasid, N. I. M., Kumaran, J., Privitha P., Ramli N. Z. & Hijaz, M. (2020). Levels of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Measured by DASS-21 and their Associated Factors in a Rural Village of Ranau District, Sabah, Malaysia. Acta Medica Philippina, 1-9.
Published
2022-08-01
How to Cite
KHADIJAH ROSLI, Siti; MAHMUD, Mohd Izwan; MOHD NASIR, Mohd Khalid. Kesan Pandemik Covid-19 Terhadap Kesihatan Mental Masyarakat di Malaysia: Kajian Sorotan Literatur Sistematik. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 252-268, aug. 2022. ISSN 2682-826X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/jdpd/article/view/18674>. Date accessed: 07 oct. 2022.
Section
Articles