Literasi Digital Guru Prasekolah Semasa Pengajaran Dalam Talian Bagi Warga Natif Digital Di Era Pandemik

  • Nurun Najwa Mohammad Mustafa
  • Helmi Norman

Abstract

Tahap literasi digital dan kesediaan guru saling berkait bagi menjayakan anjakan ke tujuh Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025; memanfaatkan Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi (TMK) untuk meningkatkan kualiti pendidikan di Malaysia. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneroka tahap literasi digital dan kesediaan guru prasekolah di Pahang Barat semasa pengajaran dalam talian di era pandemik. Seramai 127 sampel kajian yang terdiri daripada guru-guru prasekolah di Pahang Barat; daerah Bentong, Raub, Kuala Lipis dan Cameron Highlands telah disoal selidik secara persampelan rawak mudah. Kajian tinjauan berbentuk kuantitatif ini menggunakan soal selidik secara dalam talian iaitu aplikasi Google Forms. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah adaptasi daripada dua instrumen kajian lepas iaitu borang soal selidik Skala Literasi Digital dan Skala Kesediaan Guru Mengintegrasikan TMK. Data dan maklumat yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan perisian komputer SPSS versi 26.0 untuk melihat statistik deskriptif dan korelasi pearson. Hasil  daripada dapatan  kajian mendapati bahawa tahap literasi digital dan tahap kesediaan guru prasekolah di Pahang Barat mengingtegrasikan TMK semasa pengajaran dalam talian di era pandemik ialah sederhana tinggi iaitu min 3.86 dan 3.91 masing-masing. Kajian ini juga mendapati terdapat satu hubungan positif yang sangat kuat dan signifikan, dimana nilai r-.0981, k<0.05 antara tahap literasi digital guru prasekolah dengan tahap kesediaan guru prasekolah di Pahang Barat mengintegtasikan TMK semasa pengajaran dalam talian di era pandemik.

References

Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C. & Sorensen, C. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning 8th Ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
Chew Le Yee & Suziyani Mohamed. (2021). Kemahiran Guru dalam Mengintegrasi Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi dalam Pembelajaran di Prasekolah. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan Vol. 3, No. 2, 44-53.
Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2018). Research Methods in Education (8th ed.).
Colson, T., Sparks, K., Berridge, G., Frimming, R., & Willis, C. (2017). Pre-service teachers and self-efficacy: A study in contrast. Discourse and Communication for Sustainable Education, 8(2), 66-76.
Creswell, J.W. (2012). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Pearson 4th ed. Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.
Davis F. D. (1989). Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use and Acceptance of Information Technology. MIS Quarterly. Vol. 13, No. 3, p. 319.
Devie Rahmawati, Giri Lumakto & Deni Danial Kesa. (2020). Generasi Digital Natives dalam Praktik Konsumsi Berita di Lingkungan Digital. Communications. Vol. 2 No. 2 Juli 2020.
Dewie, A., Norman, H. , & Yunus, M.M. (2021). Boosted with Online Learning to Improve English Language Teachers’ Proficiency. Arab World English Journal. 12 (3) 507-523.
Dinda Rizki Tiara & Eriqa Pratiwi. (2020). Pentingnya Mengukur Kesiapan Guru Sebagai Dasar Pembelajaran Daring Di Lembaga PAUD. Jurnal Golden Ag, Universitas Hamzanwadi.Vol. 04 No. 2, Hal. 362-368.
Doğrul, H. & Kılıç, F. (2020). Investigation of pre-school teacher’s attitudes towards teaching rofession in terms of different variables. Journal of University Research, 3(2), 49-57.
Ella L Nada & Wiwik K Sari. (2020). Analisis Literasi Digital Calon Guru Kimia Dalam Pelaksanaan Ppl Berbasis Virtual Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia Volume 4, Nomor 2.
Gitman, L. J., McDaniel, C., Shah, A., Reece, M., Koffel, L., Talsma, B., & Hyatt, J. C. (2018). Introduction to Business. Houston: OpenStax.
Hamutoğlu, N. B., Güngören, Ö. C., Uyanık, G. K., & Erdoğan, D. G. (2017). Adapting digital literacy scale into Turkish. Ege Journal of Education, 18(1), 408-429.
Hanassia Andoh, Connie Cassy Ompok & Nur Suhaidah Sukor. (2021). Hubungan Kelayakan Akademik dan Pengalaman Mengajar dengan Tahap Efikasi Kendiri Guru Prasekolah Menjalankan PDPC Pasca Pandemik Covid-19. Malaysian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH) Volume 6, Issue 10, (page 65 - 81).
Hashim, Haida U., Melor M. Yunus, and Helmi Norman. (2022). "‘AReal-Vocab’: An Augmented Reality English Vocabulary Mobile Application to Cater to Mild Autism Children in Response towards Sustainable Education for Children with Disabilities" Sustainability 14, no. 8: 4831.
Hero, J. L. (2020). Teachers’ preparedness and acceptance of information and communication technology (ICT) integration and its effect on their ICT integration practices. Puissant – A Multidisciplinary Journal 1, 59-76.
Ismail, S. A. A. & Jarrah, A. M. (2019). Exploring pre-service teachers' perceptions of their pedagogical preferences, teaching competence and motivation. International Journal of Instruction 12(1), 493-510.
Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2013). Pelan pembangunan pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025. Putrajaya: Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum.
Khairah, N. K. (2020). Edu Ministry introduces guidelines on online teaching, learning platforms. New Straights Times. Diperoleh dari https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/03/578945/edu-ministry-introducesguidelines-online-teaching-learning-platforms.
Khalid, A., Dukmak, S. J., & Dweikat, F. F. I. (2017). Pre-service teachers’ perception of their educational preparation. International Journal for Research in Education 41(1), 273-303.
Krejcie, R. V. & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Physiological Measurement:30, 607-610.
Krishnan SD, Norman H & Md Yunus M. (2021). Online Gamified Learning to Enhance Teachers’ Competencies Using Classcraft. Sustainability. Dipeoleh dari https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910817.
León-Pérez, F. L. P., Bas, M. C. B., Escudero-Nahón, A. E. N., León-Pérez, F., Bas, M. C., & Escudero-Nahón, A. (2020). Self-perception about emerging digital skills in higher education students. Comunicar. Media Education Research Journal 28(1), 91-101.
Mohd Razali Abd Samad, Zanaton Hj Ihsan & Fariza Khalid. (2021). The Use Of Mobile Learning In Teaching And Learning Session During The Covid-19 Pandemic In Malaysia. Journal of Contemporary Social Science and Educational Studies Volume 1, Issue 2.
Nanda Novita, Marhami, Halimatus Sakdiah & Muliani. (2021). Pengembangan Kompetensi Literasi Digital Pada Guru Untuk Optimalisasi Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh (PJJ). Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Volume 4, Nomor 1, 51-58.
Neuman, W.L. (2014). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Pearson New International Edition. Essex: Pearson Education Limited.
Ng, W. (2012). Can We Teach Digital Natives Digital Literacy?. Computer & Education 59(3), 1065-1078.
Nor Fauziana Mohd Salleh. (2020). Pandemik Coronavirus (Covid-19): Pembelajaran Dan Pengajaran Secara Atas Talian Suatu Keperluan Di Malaysia, Kolej Komuniti Bentong, Malaysia.
Norazly Nordin & Juppri Bacotang. (2021). Isu Dan Trend Penggunaan Teknologi Maklumat Dan Komunikasi Dalam Pendidikan Awal Kanak-Kanak. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak Kebangsaan Vol.10 (1), (99-107).
Nunnally, J.C. and Bernstein, I.H. (1994). The Assessment of Reliability. Psychometric Theory 3, 248-292.
Nur Hazirah Hairia’an & Masayu Dzainudin. (2020). Pengajaran Dan Pemudahcaraan Dalam Talian Semasa Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan. Jurnal Pendidikan Awal Kanak-kanak Kebangsaan (Special Issue) Vol. 9, 2020 (18-28).
Nur Yasmin Khairani Zakaria, Melor Md Yunus, Harwati Hashim, Norazah Mohd Nordin, Helmi Norman & Nor Hafizah Adnan. (2021). Pre-Service Teachers’ Views on the Implementation of Game-Based Learning for Academic Writing Skills. Sains Insani 2021 Volume 06 No 1(11-16).
Ocak, G. & Karakuş, D. Ö. G. (2019). An ınvestigation of digital literacy self-efficacy skills of preservice teachers ın terms of different variables. Afyon Kocatepe University Journal of Social Sciences 21(1), 129-147.
Öngören, S. (2021). Investigation of prospective preschool teachers' digital literacy and teacher readiness levels. International Journal of Modern Education Studies 5(1), 181-204.
Roslinda Veronika Br Ginting,, Dinda Arindani,, Cut Mega Wati Lubis & Arinda Pramai Shella. (2021). Literasi Digital Sebagai Wujud Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Di Era Globalisasi. Jurnal Pasopati Vol. 3, No. 2.
Siti Aishah Zainudin & Kamariah Abu Bakar. (2021). Sikap Guru Prasekolah Terhadap Penggunaan Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi (TMK) di Prasekolah Pedalaman Daerah Baram. Bitara Internasional Journal of Civilizational Studies and Human Sciences Volume 4, Issue 4, 2021 :115-123.
Waryanto, N. H., & Setyaningrum, W. (2014). E-Learning Readiness In Indonesia : A Case Study In Junior High School Yogyakarta. International Seminar on Innovation in Mathematics and Mathematics Education 1st ISIM-MED 1, 645–654.
Yahya Othman & Roselan Baki. (2015). Aplikasi komputer dalam pengajaran bahasa: Penguasaan guru dan kekangan dalam pelaksanaan. 1st International Malaysian Educational Technology Convention.
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
MOHAMMAD MUSTAFA, Nurun Najwa; NORMAN, Helmi. Literasi Digital Guru Prasekolah Semasa Pengajaran Dalam Talian Bagi Warga Natif Digital Di Era Pandemik. Jurnal Dunia Pendidikan, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 186-197, june 2022. ISSN 2682-826X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/jdpd/article/view/18651>. Date accessed: 07 oct. 2022.
Section
Articles