Safety Awareness among Office Workers and its Relations to Safety Attitude, Safety Culture and Safety Climate in Oil and Gas Industries

  • Noor Malinasari Ali Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Terengganu
  • Wan Afiq Aminin Wan Fekri Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Terengganu
  • Kardina Kamaruddin Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Kedah
  • Rahayu Izwani Borhanuddin Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Johor
  • Suzila Mat Salleh Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Terengganu
  • Hasmida Mohd Noor Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Terengganu, Kampus Dungun, 23000, Dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Hasmi Mokhlas Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Melaka


Previous research found out that 46.0 percent office workers worked in a very bad condition or unsafe workplace. During the preliminary interview with one of the companies in the oil and gas industry, the manager admitted that the level of safety awareness of the office workers was low as most actions were focused on the plantation site and rarely on the office workers even though there were also some minor accidents that had occurred in the office. Another study also mentioned that the level of safety awareness of oil and gas industry in Malaysia is low, therefore, this research aimed to study about safety awareness in the oil and gas industry. Three factors had been identified as being relevant to safety awareness namely safety culture, safety attitude and safety climate. This research also aimed to examine the relationship between safety awareness, safety culture, safety climate and safety attitude. Two hundred and twelve (212) questionnaires were distributed to oil and gas office workers, and 157 were completed and analyzed. Two out of three variables were significant: safety climate and safety attitude, and one variable, safety culture, was not significant. For future research, this study suggested a bigger sample size and qualitative data for an in-depth study.



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How to Cite
ALI, Noor Malinasari et al. Safety Awareness among Office Workers and its Relations to Safety Attitude, Safety Culture and Safety Climate in Oil and Gas Industries. Jurnal Intelek, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 1, p. 1-8, jan. 2023. ISSN 2231-7716. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 24 july 2024. doi: