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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • All submissions must be original and should not have been previously accepted for publication in a journal, conference proceedings or be under review at another conference or publications.
  • Follow the prescribed format. Refer to the downloadable template of a manuscript.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Please ensure range of 150-200 words of abstract summarizing its content.
  • Length of paper 5000 - 8000 words including references. Paper must not more than 5 pages (including references).
  • It is every author's responsibility to check the accuracy of all data, statements and references.
  • References of citation should be in APA 7th format.
  • Attach a similarity index report either via Turnitin or other anti plagiarism software of not more than 20% similarity index.

Author Guidelines


Template of a Manuscript (MS Word format)


All submission should be made online via:


New users will need to create an account. Once logged on to the site authors may make a submission or check the status of the manuscript.

Peer-review and decisions
The journal uses double-blind peer review (neither the authors nor the reviewers know the identity of each other) to avoid bias. See the journal peer review policy.
After submission all articles are evaluated by the editorial office and may be immediately rejected if they are considered to be out of the journal's scope or otherwise unfit for consideration. Articles which passed initial evaluation will be sent out for external review. Reviewer reports with a decision from the editor will be returned to the authors as soon as possible, but please be patient as reviewing can take up to 60 days.
After review, the editor will make a decision of: reject, accept, or revise. Revisions may be major or minor. If a decision of revision is made, authors are asked to make their revisions as quickly as possible – if there are extensive delays in revising an article then it may be considered a new submission. Revised articles may be sent out for review again, depending on the level of revision requested. 

Article types
The journal welcomes all original submissions of articles and reviews that comply with the aim and scope of the journal.
All submissions must be original papers, and not be under consideration by a journal elsewhere.
If the paper contains anything that has already been published (e.g. figures) then this must be declared and authors are responsible for obtaining relevant permissions to republish. Evidence of permission granted must be available if requested.

General guidelines
The jounal accept English, Arabic & Malay language articles. Authors are responsible for the language quality in their article, and is strongly recommended to have your manuscript checked by any language specialist before submission, in order to ensure that the language is acceptable.
For all manuscripts non-discriminatory language is mandatory. Sexist or racist terms must not be used.
Authors should provide the following information:

  • – Full name
  • – Affiliation (where the author was positioned when the research was undertaken – if authors change affiliation before publishing this should be given as a footnote)
  • – Address
  • – Email address
  • – ORCiD, this is not mandatory, but highly recommended for the benefit of authors
  • – Clear identification of the corresponding author (who will be responsible for ensuring that the correct version is submitted and that all authors agree to publication and approve any corrections during peer review and after acceptance).

Each article must comprise:

  • – An informative title: ensure that it clearly explains what the article is about (not exceed 20 words)
  • – An abstract of approximately 200 words: this should summarise the article, not simply introduce the topic
  • – Between 4 – 6 key words
  • – The main body of text should not exceed 5000 – 8000 words and should comprise:
    • An introduction to the topic, describing the research question being addressed
    • Methodology and/or theoretical framework
    • Results of the research
    • Discussion and interpretation of results obtained
    • Conclusions
    • Acknowledgements, funding, declarations of conflict of interest, authors' contribution, etc.
    • References