A Study of Cultural Elements in High Level Chinese Language Textbooks for Primary National School

  • Lim Kian Ming Sekolah Kebangsaan Methodist ACS Kampar, Perak
  • Fan Pik Shy Institut Pengajian China, Universiti Malaya


This study examines the cultural elements in Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (TCSL) based on six high-level of National Primary School’s Chinese Language (BCSK) textbooks, which are textbooks of  BCSK KBSR (Primary School Integrated Curriculum) Standard four to Standard six and textbooks of  BCSK KSSR (Primary School Standard Curriculum) Standard four to Standard six in order to investigate the changes of cultural elements content and describe the features of cultural elements in this two sets of high-level BCSK textbooks. Researcher has used library research methods and information technology methods to collect data and then use quantitative and qualitative analysis methods to calculate cultural elements in high-level BCSK textbooks by referenced to the criteria of classification of cultural elements which designed by researcher based on previous studies as well as the references of TCSL experts. The results showed that (1) high level BCSK KSSR textbooks are found that had more cultural elements for the total number of 622 compared to 522 in high-level BCSK KBSR textbook with the increasing of 19.16% and  (2) high-level BCSK KSSR textbooks can be said to be more ideal to fostering communicative competence as the cultural elements in this set of BCSK textbooks are more geared towards communicative cultural elements with a record rate of 46.30% compared to 39.27% only in high-level BCSK KBSR textbooks.

How to Cite
KIAN MING, Lim; PIK SHY, Fan. A Study of Cultural Elements in High Level Chinese Language Textbooks for Primary National School. International Journal of Modern Languages And Applied Linguistics, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 4, p. 1-25, nov. 2021. ISSN 2600-7266. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijmal/article/view/15903>. Date accessed: 03 dec. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/ijmal.v5i4.15903.