Javanese Language Shift in the Coastal Area of Special Region of Yogyakarta Province
The reduced ability of children and young people to speak Javanese has motivated researchers to conduct research on the shift in Javanese language. The data in this study are primary data. Respondents were selected by purposive sampling technique. The data were processed using the SPSS program and then analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The theory used to discuss the problems in this study is the theory of language shift. The results of this study indicate that in the DIY coastal area there is a shift in the use of Javanese. In the past, Javanese was used to communicate in the family and in daily conversations with fellow Javanese people, now some of its speakers have switched to using Indonesian. In fact, some parents use Indonesian as a mother tongue to their children. Speakers of children and adolescents tend to be less able to speak Javanese well, both ngoko and krama. Adult speakers tend to speak Javanese, both ngoko and krama. However, the mastery tends not to be as good as older speakers. The vitality of the Javanese language in the DIY coastal area based on the calculation of the indicator index is 0.73. The index value indicates that Javanese in the DIY coastal area is in the index number 0.61-0.80 or is in a stable but threatened position.