Digital Literacy from 2019-2023: A Scientometric Study

  • Miaomiao Wu University of Malaya
  • Dorothy DeWitt
  • Nor Nazrina Mohamad Nazry
  • Norlidah Alias


Digital literacy has attracted much academic attention in recent years. This study analyses its growth, collaborative networks, trending topics, or research hotspots in education, identifies the future of digital literacy research and provides valuable information for future researchers.The research employed a scientometric method, utilizing data from the Web of Science database from 2019 to 2023. Subsequent actions included the identification and selection of keywords, the execution of data processing through advanced bibliometric visualization tools, the examination of the practical implications arising from the study’s findings. Digital literacy spans various fields, but has a significant impact on education. The results show that digital literacy was the most frequently occurring keyword over the past five years and has generally trended upward. Computers& Education, Education and Information Technologies, and Education Sciences are among the top three journals in terms of both publication volume and impact. McgrorS, Tomczyk L and Wu D are the three most published and influential authors. The United States has the most research, with more than half of the institutions researching digital literacy coming from the United States. Digital literacy remains worthy of research in the future, while artificial intelligence, pandemics, and health literacy could also be future research directions.


Aguinis, H., Cummings, C., Ramani, R. S., & Cummings, T. G. (2020). “An A is an A”: The new bottom line for valuing academic research. Academy of Management Perspectives, 34(1), 135-154.
Ahn, S. (2017). Analysis on students background factors influencing to ICT literacy level of elementary and middle school students. The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education, 20(4), 67-75.
Borgohain, D. J., Bhardwaj, R. K., & Verma, M. K. (2022). Mapping the literature on the application of artificial intelligence in libraries (AAIL): a scientometric analysis. Library Hi Tech.
Chan, B. S., Churchill, D., & Chiu, T. K. (2017). Digital literacy learning in higher education through digital storytelling approach. Journal of International Education Research (JIER), 13(1), 1-16.
Dadaczynski, K., Okan, O., Messer, M., Leung, A. Y., Rosário, R., Darlington, E., & Rathmann, K. (2021). Digital health literacy and web-based information-seeking behaviors of university students in Germany during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional survey study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23(1), e24097. 10.2196/24097
Das, R. K. (2023). Visualizing the Knowledge Structure and Evolution of Entropy: A Scientometric Analysis. Science & Technology Libraries, 42(3), 308-322.
Dengel, A., & Heuer, U. (2018). A curriculum of computational thinking as a central idea of information & media literacy. Proceedings of the 13th Workshop in Primary and Secondary Computing Education,
Eshet, Y. (2012). Thinking in the digital era: A revised model for digital literacy. Issues in informing science and information technology, 9(2), 267-276.
Eyman, D. (2009). Digital literac (ies), digital discourses, and communities ofpractice: Literacy practices in virtual environments. Cultural Practices of Literacy Study.
Ferrari, A., Brečko, B. N., & Punie, Y. (2014). DIGCOMP: A framework for developing and understanding digital competence in Europe. Special edition, 7.
Garfield, E., & Merton, R. K. (1979). Citation indexing: Its theory and application in science, technology, and humanities (Vol. 8). Wiley New York.
Iansiti, M., & Richards, G. (2020). Coronavirus is widening the corporate digital divide. Harvard Business Review, 26.
Jin, K.-Y., Reichert, F., Cagasan Jr, L. P., de La Torre, J., & Law, N. (2020). Measuring digital literacy across three age cohorts: Exploring test dimensionality and performance differences. Computers & Education, 157, 103968.
Jones-Kavalier, B. R., & Flannigan, S. L. (2008). Connecting the digital dots: Literacy of the 21st century. TEACHER LIBRARIAN-SEATTLE-, 35(3), 13.
Kim, H. S., Kim, S., Na, W., & Lee, W. J. (2021). Extending computational thinking into information and communication technology literacy measurement: Gender and grade issues. ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE), 21(1), 1-25.
Lankshear, C., & Knobel, M. (2008). Digital literacies: Concepts, policies and practices (Vol. 30). Peter Lang.
Magassa, L. (2020). " I am not computer savvy": A look into the everyday digital literacy levels of formerly incarcerated people using a novel holistic digital literacy framework. University of Washington.
Martin, A., & Grudziecki, J. (2006). DigEuLit: Concepts and tools for digital literacy development. Innovation in teaching and learning in information and computer sciences, 5(4), 249-267.
Masic, I. (2022). Scientometrics: The Imperative for Scientific Validity of the Scientific Publications Content. SAR, 1(1), 56-80.
Mishra, K. E., Wilder, K., & Mishra, A. K. (2017). Digital literacy in the marketing curriculum: Are female college students prepared for digital jobs? Industry and Higher Education, 31(3), 204-211.
UNESCO. 2020. Perturbación y Respuesta de la Educación de Cara al COVID-19. d-19-duante-el-restablecimiento-de-la
Novakovich, J. (2016). Fostering critical thinking and reflection through blog‐mediated peer feedback. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 32(1), 16-30.
Park, H., Kim, H. S., & Park, H. W. (2020). A scientometric study of digital literacy, ICT literacy, information literacy, and media literacy. Journal of Data and Information Science, 6(2), 116-138.
Phippen, A., Bond, E., & Buck, E. (2021). Effective strategies for information literacy education: combatting ‘fake news’ and empowering critical thinking. In Future Directions in Digital Information (pp. 39-53). Elsevier.
Pilgrim, J., & Martinez, E. E. (2013). Defining literacy in the 21st century: A guide to terminology and skills. Texas Journal of Literacy Education, 1(1), 60-69.
Pinto, M., Fernández-Pascual, R., Caballero-Mariscal, D., & Sales, D. (2020). Information literacy trends in higher education (2006–2019): visualizing the emerging field of mobile information literacy. Scientometrics, 124, 1479-1510.
Rahmawati, S., Abdullah, A. G., & Widiaty, I. (2024). Teachers’ digital literacy overview in secondary school. Int J Eval & Res Educ, 13(1), 597-606.
Reddy, P., Chaudhary, K., Sharma, B., & Chand, R. (2020). Digital Literacy: A Catalyst for the 21 st Century Education. 2020 IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Computer Science and Data Engineering (CSDE),
Redecker, C. (2017). European framework for the digital competence of educators: DigCompEdu.
Sánchez-Cruzado, C., Santiago Campión, R., & Sánchez-Compaña, M. T. (2021). Teacher digital literacy: The indisputable challenge after COVID-19. Sustainability, 13(4), 1858.
Stopar, K., & Bartol, T. (2019). Digital competences, computer skills and information literacy in secondary education: mapping and visualization of trends and concepts. Scientometrics, 118(2), 479-498.
Taylor, A., Nelson, J., O'Donnell, S., Davies, E., & Hillary, J. (2022). The Skills Imperative 2035: What Does the Literature Tell Us about Essential Skills Most Needed for Work? Working Paper 1. National Foundation for Educational Research.
Tejedor, S., Cervi, L., Pérez-Escoda, A., & Jumbo, F. T. (2020). Digital literacy and higher education during COVID-19 lockdown: Spain, Italy, and Ecuador. Publications, 8(4), 48.
Tsekeris, C., & Mastrogeorgiou, Y. (2020). Contextualising COVID-19 as a digital pandemic. Homo Virtualis, 3(2), 1-14.
World Health Organization. 2020. Global strategy on digital health 2020-2025.
Yang, K., Hu, Y., & Qi, H. (2022). Digital health literacy: bibliometric analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 24(7), e35816.
Zhang, G., Liu, L., & Wei, F. (2019). Key nodes mining in the inventor–author knowledge diffusion network. Scientometrics, 118, 721-735.
How to Cite
WU, Miaomiao et al. Digital Literacy from 2019-2023: A Scientometric Study. International Journal of Business and Technology Management, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 81-93, mar. 2024. ISSN 2682-7646. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2024.
English Section