Comparison of Lean Tools and Techniques Implementation between Large and Small Firms in Malaysian Organizations

  • Mohd Shahir Yahya
  • Musli Mohammad
  • Badrul Omar
  • Mahmod Abd Hakim Mohamad
  • Abdullah Wagiman


This study examines lean tools and techniques based on their awareness, usage, effectiveness, and possible future adoption between Large Firms and Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEs) in Malaysian organizations. Currently, there are no such data has been found in Malaysia to compare the lean tools and techniques implementation for both firms to help the organization to know what the best lean tools and techniques for their nature of businesses. An online survey was conducted in this study using a questionnaire to gather data from 114 respondents from 14 states, and the results were analysed using the IBM SPSS statistical software. The results of the survey showed that there were no significant differences (p<0.05) between both large firms and small medium enterprise (SMEs) organizations for the majority of lean tools and techniques. Study findings, however, show that Malaysian Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) adopt some lean tools and techniques more often than large organizations. It is important for managers to know the current levels of awareness for lean tools and techniques based on their nature of business to help them adopt and consequently improve their knowledge of lean tools and techniques which is lacking.


Achanga, P., Shehab, E., Roy, R., & Nelder, G. (2006). Critical success factors for lean implementation within SMEs. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 17.
Bueno, A., Goyannes Gusmão Caiado, R., Guedes de Oliveira, T. L., Scavarda, L. F., Filho, M. G., & Tortorella, G. L. (2023). Lean 4.0 implementation framework: Proposition using a multi-method research approach. International Journal of Production Economics, 264, 108988.
Field, A. (2009). Discovering Statistics Using SPSS. 3rd Edition, Sage Publications Ltd., London. (3rd ed.). Sage Publications Ltd.
Habib, M. A., Rizvan, R., & Ahmed, S. (2023). Implementing lean manufacturing for improvement of operational performance in a labeling and packaging plant: A case study in Bangladesh. Results in Engineering, 17, 100818.
Hemel, C., & Cramer, J. M. (2002). Barriers and stimuli for ecodesign in SMEs. Journal of Cleaner Production, 10, 439–453.
Khusaini Jaffar, A. and Yusoff, N., N. S., Khusaini, N. S., Yusoff, N., & Jaffar, A. (2014). A Survey on Lean Manufacturing Tools Implementation in Malaysian Food and Beverages Industry using Rasch Model. Advanced Materials Research, 845, 642–646.
Kohlmann, T. and J. M., & Jörn, M. (2009). How to Analyse Your Data. In Statistics and Data Management: A Practical Guide for Orthopaedic Surgeons. AO Publishing.
Kumar, N., Shahzeb Hasan, S., Srivastava, K., Akhtar, R., Kumar Yadav, R., & Choubey, V. K. (2022). Lean manufacturing techniques and its implementation: A review. Materials Today: Proceedings, 64, 1188–1192.
Manzouri, M., Ab Rahman, M., Arshad, H., & Ismail, A. R. (2010). Barriers of supply chain management implementation in manufacturing companies: A comparison between Iranian and Malaysian companies. Journal of The Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers, 27, 456–472.
Melton, T. (2005). The Benefits of Lean Manufacturing: What Lean Thinking has to Offer the Process Industries. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 83, 662–673.
Minshull, L. K., Dehe, B., & Kotcharin, S. (2022). Exploring the impact of a sequential lean implementation within a micro-firm – A socio-technical perspective. Journal of Business Research, 151, 156–169.
Mohammad, M., Mann, R., Grigg, N., & Wagner, J. (2011). Business Excellence Model: An overarching framework for managing and aligning multiple organisational improvement initiatives. Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, 22, 1213–1236.
Mohd Rose, A. N., Deros, B., & Abdul Rahman, M. N. (2010). Development of framework for lean manufacturing implementation in SMEs. The 11th Asia Pacific Industrial Engineering and Management Systems Conference, 7–10.
Muslimen, R., Yusof, S., & Zainal Abidin, A. S. (2013). A Case Study of Lean Manufacturing Implementation Approach in Malaysian Automotive Components Manufacturer. In Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering (Vol. 130, pp. 327–335).
Norani, N., Deros, B., & Abd Wahab, D. (2010). A survey on lean manufacturing implementation in Malaysian automotive industry. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 1, 374–380.
Ohno, T. (1988). The Toyota Production System: Beyond Large Scale Production. Productivity Press, New York.
Salimi, M., Hadjali, H. R., & Sorooshian, S. (2012). A Lean Production Framework for Malaysian Automotive and Heavy Machinery Industry. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12(13), 1402–1407.
Sekaran, U. (2003). Research Methods for Business: A Skill-Building Approach (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
Shah, R., & Ward, P. (2003). Lean Manufacturing: Context, Practice Bundles, and Performance. Journal of Operations Management, 21, 129–149.
Shah, R., & Ward, P. (2007). Defining and Developing Measures of Lean Production. Journal of Operations Management, 25, 785–805.
Shazali, N., Habidin, N. F., Ali, N., Khaidir, N., & Jamaludin, N. (2013). Lean Healthcare Practice and Healthcare Performance in Malaysian Healthcare Industry. International Journal Scientific and Research Publication, 3, 1–5.
Womack, J., & Jones, D. (1997). Lean Thinking: Banish Waste and Create Wealth in Your Corporation. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 48.
Wong, Y., Wong, K. Y., & Ali, A. (2009). A Study on Lean Manufacturing Implementation in the Malaysian Electrical and Electronics Industry. European Journal of Scientific Research, 38(4).
Yahya, M. S., Mohammad, M., Omar, B., & Ramly, E. (2016). A review on the selection of lean production tools and techniques. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11, 7721–7727.
How to Cite
YAHYA, Mohd Shahir et al. Comparison of Lean Tools and Techniques Implementation between Large and Small Firms in Malaysian Organizations. International Journal of Business and Technology Management, [S.l.], v. 5, n. S5, p. 58-64, dec. 2023. ISSN 2682-7646. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 28 feb. 2024.