Measuring the Content Validity of Middle Leadership Competence Model using Content Validity Ratio (CVR) Analysis

  • Mohd Asri Mohd Noor
  • Mahaliza Mansor
  • Tajulashikin Jumahat


This study aims to examine the content validity of Middle Leadership Competence Model using Lawshe’s CVR analysis. The study was carried out quantitatively using survey method. The four main competency constructs comprise of Leadership, Instructional, Governance and Self-emotional. A total of 109 items were formed and evaluated by nine field experts. The experts were purposely selected based on their expertise in educational leadership, competency development and psychometric. The results showed that 91 items met the minimum CVR value of 0.78 and were retained. While, 18 items were rejected from the item pool. The mean judgement of 0.89 (CVI) for the retained items shows that the instrument has the potential to be promoted as an effective tool to measure the middle leadership competence in school. Subsequently, in the future, it is recommended to conduct more sophisticated statistical analysis such as exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to scrutinize the factor structure and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) for model development.


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How to Cite
SAMAD, Norliza et al. Measuring the Content Validity of Middle Leadership Competence Model using Content Validity Ratio (CVR) Analysis. International Journal of Business and Technology Management, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 4, p. 134-144, dec. 2023. ISSN 2682-7646. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 july 2024.
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