A Framework for Farmers’ Acceptance of Smart Mobile Learning System for Pesticide Management Training: A Conceptual Review
Farmers lack of knowledge on how to responsibly handle pesticides has been causing pesticide poisoning in Nigeria. Smart Mobile Learning System (SMLS) is capable of addressing that ugly trend. SMLS can provide farmers with access to learning resources anytime they need them, regardless of their geographical location. SMLS will facilitate farmers' learning and training on pesticide management as it modifies their learning process, in order to curtail the issue of pesticide poisoning. Despite the fact that farmers want stress-free, easily accessible learning and training, it is clear that research on the acceptance intention of SMLS in the agricultural sector as it affects farmers is still lacking. As a result, a research to investigate the situation is required, especially from the perspective of farmers in a developing country like Nigeria. Some of the most widely utilized technology acceptance models are examined in this study. To investigate the acceptance intention of SMLS, this study adapted and harmonized the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology 2 (UTAUT2) with the Technology Acceptance Model 2 (TAM2). The proposed harmonized theoretical framework considers acceptance of SMLS from the context of farmers, by exploring the influence of Perceived Ubiquitous Value, Social Norm, Perceived usefulness, Perceived ease of use, Habit, Price Value, Hedonic Motivation, and facilitating conditions. The moderating effect of Trust on the dependent variables will also be examined. Subsequently, the proposed theoretical framework will be tested in order to facilitate future research on farmer acceptance of SMLS.
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