Blockchain Technology Model Towards Smart Agriculture: A Proposed Model
The objective of this study is to examine the challenges created by blockchain technology to the agriculture stakeholders. Besides that, it is also noteworthy to understand that two important theories underlie the integration towards achieving the objectives of developing the blockchain technology for smart agriculture are the Grounded Theory and will conceptualise the Technology-Organisation-Environment (TOE) Theory. This study employs a qualitative approach because it can extract the complex description of the blockchain technology towards smart agriculture that involves various agriculture sector stakeholders. Semi-structured in-depth interviews will be conducted in six states: Perlis, Kedah, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang and Sarawak as part of the research to get a more in-depth understanding of the profiles and better understanding on the challenges created by blockchain technology to the agriculture stakeholders. Drawing on the high value of smart agriculture principles, this study reconciles a comprehensive blockchain technology model and draw connections with the challenges faced by various stakeholders. This study expands knowledge on blockchain technology in supporting smart agriculture by looking into the blockchain technology attributes in terms of traceability, visibility, security and accessibility, as well as the challenges created by blockchain technology to the agriculture stakeholders. This study output will boost the modernisation process in the agriculture sector, managing the demand and supply of national food and agriculture supply. The underlying trend of agricultural research is discovered to be primarily embedded in scientific investigations from technologies’ perspectives. Researching in smart agriculture is crucial but remains scanty due to the challenges facing at the different levels in the supply chain. As such, the novelty fits within this research model are unavailable to the researchers’ best knowledge.
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