Enhancing Quality of Work Life via Safety Variables in Malaysian Manufacturing Industries: A Conceptual Framework

  • Norizan Baba Rahim


Work-related accidents and injuries continue to be a major problem in Malaysian manufacturing. The industry has made little progress in lessening deaths or serious injuries. In the past year, the fatal injury rate has only declined slightly, and the serious injury rate has remained unchanged (Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), 2021). As Malaysia aspires to become a developed nation by 2020, reducing occupational accidents and injuries is one of the key employments concerns it aims to address (Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), 2021). Employees who complete work will carry out their tasks better and show more dedication to their work and organisation. Thus, organisations must take heed at conquering their employees’ hearts while investing in a Department of Occupational Safety and Health Management system aimed at avoiding and reducing workplace accidents by revising safety behaviours and incentives. This paper puts forth a conceptual framework to analyse the interplay between the safety climate, safety motivation, and safety behaviour to improve the quality of work life in the Malaysian manufacturing industry, which will help to develop more effective safety interventions in reducing accidents.


Dodoo, J. E., & Al-Samarraie, H. (2019). Factors leading to unsafe behavior in the twenty first century workplace: a review. Management Review Quarterly, 69(4), 391-414.
Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham. R. L., & Black, W. L. (1992) Multivariate analysis with readings. New York, NY: MacMillan.
Neal, A., & Griffin, M. A. (2006). A study of the lagged relationships among safety climate, safety motivation, safety behavior, and accidents at the individual and group levels. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(4), 946-953.
Oah, S., Na, R., & Moon, K. (2018). The influence of safety climate, safety leadership, workload, and accident experiences on risk perception: A study of Korean manufacturing workers. Safety and Health at Work, 9(4), 427-433.
Proven, D. J., Woods, D. D., Dekker, S. W., & Rae, A. J. (2020). Safety II professionals: How resilience engineering can transform safety practice. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 195, 106740.
Rahim, N. B. (2020). The Interaction between Protean Career Orientation, Career Goal Development and Well-Being Outcomes: Evidence from Professional Engineers. Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business, 22(1), 24-48.
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2010). Research Methods for Small Business. A Skill Building Approach.
Sirgy, M. J., Efraty, D., Siegel, P., & Lee, D. J. (2001). A new measure of quality of work life (QWL) based on need satisfaction and spillover theories. Social Indicators Research, 55(3), 241-302.
Sultana, S., Andersen, B. S., & Haugen, S. (2019). Identifying safety indicators for safety performance measurement using a system engineering approach. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 128, 107-120.
Wan, H. L. (2016). The Manufacturing Sector in Malaysia. In Organisational Justice and Citizenship Behaviour in Malaysia (pp. 21-36). Springer, Singapore.
Zohar, D., & Luria, G. (2005). A multilevel model of safety climate: cross-level relationships between organization and group-level climates. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(4), 616-628.
How to Cite
BABA RAHIM, Norizan. Enhancing Quality of Work Life via Safety Variables in Malaysian Manufacturing Industries: A Conceptual Framework. International Journal of Business and Technology Management, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 3, p. 36-43, sep. 2021. ISSN 2682-7646. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijbtm/article/view/15035>. Date accessed: 10 aug. 2022.