Selective Mutism as Barrier in Sulh Conference Settlement

  • Norman Zakiyy
  • Hasnizam Hashim
  • Maizatul Farisah Mokhtar
  • Dina Imam Supaat


The sulh conference provides opportunities for the parties to discuss openly with each other with the aid of the sulh officer as a facilitator to their discussions. However, current literature on sulh pays little attention to the issue of whether mutism especially selective mutism can lead to non-effective discussion among the parties and the sulh officer. Thus, the main objective of this preliminary study is to analyze the barriers faced by a party who suffers from selective mutism in a Sulh Conference. This study uses a qualitative method through content analysis of relevant library-based materials. The findings show that it is crucial for the sulh officer to identify the presence of the characteristics of selective mutism in a party prior to holding a sulh conference. The barriers faced by persons suffering from selective mutism must be addressed to ensure that the sulh settlement process is carried out justifiably, especially in line with the Sulh Work Manual, irrespective of whether the settlement of the dispute is successful or otherwise. It is suggested that the party suspected of suffering from selective mutism undergo diagnostic screening to determine whether he is suitable to participate in a sulh conference or otherwise.


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Reported Cases
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Wan Abdul Aziz v Siti Aishah [1977] 1 JH 50.
Sidek Bin Ludan V Public Prosecutor (1995) 3 MLJ 178

Practice Direction No. 3 of year 2002 (JKSM/100-24/5(14) (Jabatan Kehakiman Syariah Malaysia)
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (State of Negeri Sembilan) Enactment 2003
Syariah Court Sulh Procedure (Negeri Sembilan) Rules 2016
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (Sulh) (Selangor) Rules 2001
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (Sulh) (Federal Territories) Rules 2004
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (Sulh) (Malacca) Rules 2004
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (Sulh) (Johor) Rules 2004
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (Sulh) (Penang) Rules 2006
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (Sulh) Federal Territory Rules 2004,
Syariah Court Civil Procedure (Sulh) Melaka Rules 2004
and Syariah Court Civil Procedure Enactment, Selangor 2003
The sulh session in a Sulh Conference, is conducted according to JKSM Practice Direction No.3 year 2002, Sulh Work Manual of JKSM 2002 and the Sulh Officer Ethical Code of JKSM 2002.
Child Act 2001
How to Cite
ZAKIYY, Norman et al. Selective Mutism as Barrier in Sulh Conference Settlement. International Journal of Advanced Research in Islamic and Humanities, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 4, p. 33-42, dec. 2022. ISSN 2682-8332. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 may 2024.