Procedural Obstacles in Investigation and Prosecution of Cases on Deviant Teachings in Cyberspace: Maqasid Al-Syariah Approach

  • Norman Zakiyy
  • Hasnizam Hashim

Abstract

Cases in the Syariah Courts must be dealt with justifiably in accordance with Syariah. Thus, in offenses relating to the dissemination of deviant teachings in cyberspace, it is vital that proper investigation and prosecution be carried out successfully.  In addition, the whole litigation process must be in line with Maqasid Al-Syariah. However, there is a lack of study in the literature on the application of Maqasid al-Syariah as a guide to confronting procedural obstacles in the investigation and prosecution of such cases. By using a qualitative method of document analysis and doctrinal study, the intrinsic objective of this study is to analyze the potential of Maqasid Al-Syariah in addressing the procedural obstacles in the prosecution of cases of deviant teachings in cyberspace. The study’s specific objectives are to (1) identify the procedural obstacles in the investigation and prosecution of cases on deviant teachings in cyberspace; and (2) analyze how the procedural obstacles in the investigation and prosecution of cases on deviant teachings in cyberspace can be addressed by using the guidance of Maqasid Al-Syariah. This study finds that Maqasid Al-Syariah is a valuable spiritual guide to investigators and prosecutors to carry out their duties diligently according to procedural and substantive laws. In addition, it guides them in finding possible solutions to the obstacles that they might encounter in carrying out their respective roles.

References

Ahmad, K. (2008). Management from Islamic perspective: Principles and practice. Selangor:
IIUM Press.
Akmar, S. 21 August 2011. “No turning back for PAS now”. New Straits Times. http://search.proquest.com/docview/88 4486616?accountid=33993
Amanullah, M. (2015). Islamic ethics and guidelines for using Facebook: A maqasidic analysis. South East Asia Journal of Contemporary Business, Economics and Law, 8(4), 17 – 31
Abu Bakar, E., Draman, N., Zuhid, A.S. (2018). Value, Religiosity and Behavior in Social Media. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World.
Abdul Rahman, Azimaton & Hashim, N. & Mustafa, H. (2015). Muslims in cyberspace: exploring factors influencing online religious engagements in Malaysia. Media Asia. 42. 61-73. 10.1080/01296612.2015.1072343.
Ambhire, V.R. and B.B. Meshram, B.B. (2012). “Digital Forensic Tools,” Published by IOSR Journal of Engineering, March.2012, Vol. 2(3) pp:392-398, ISSN: 2250-3021.
Babu, M., & Parishat, G. 2004. What is Cybercrime? Star of Mysore Online.
https://www.crime-research.org/analytics/702/www.starofmysore.com
Bowen, G.A. (2009). Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method, Qualitative Research Journal, vol. 9, no. 2, 2009, p. 27-40.
Dandago, K.I. (2007). Public Wealth and Accountability in Islam: A case study of the Shari’ah
administration of Shekarau in Kano State, Nigeria, Public Fund Digest. The International Consortium of Governmental Financial Management 6(1):1-10
Dusuki, A.W., and Said Bouheraoua. The Framework Of Maqās.Id Al-Sharīʿah And Its Implication For Islamic Finance.
https://www.isfin.net/sites/isfin.com/files/the_framework_of_maqas._id_al-
Fadzil, A. (2011). Deviant Teachings in Malaysia and Theirs Interpretation of the Qur’ān. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 1 No. 20; December 2011.
Fahdi, M.L., Clarke, N.L. Furnell, S.M. (2013). Challenges to Digital Forensics: A Survey of Researchers & Practitioners Attitudes and Opinions. [Online]. P 1. Available from: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6641058 [Accessed 14/8/2022].
Hamed, A. B. (1999). Motivasi dalam pekerjaan. In Zin, R. M. (Ed.), Pengurusan organisasi
kerja (2nd ed.) (66-85). Sintok: Penerbit Universiti Utara Malaysia.
Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi. (2001). Pengurusan dari Perspektif Islam. Jurnal Syariah 9/2:92.
Ismail, S.Z. (2016). Aplikasi Undang-Undang jenayah Syariah di Malaysia dalam Membendung Jenayah Syariah di Alam Cyber, in Undang-Undang Jenayah Syariah di Alam Siber (Seminar Prosiding), Jabatan Pengurusan Rangkaian Multimedia,Cyberjaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan.
Ibrahim, A.H., Rahman, N.N.A., Saifuddeen, S.M. et al. Maqasid al-Shariah Based Islamic Bioethics: A Comprehensive Approach. Bioethical Inquiry 16, 333–345 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-019-09902-8
Ismail, S.Z. (2016). Aplikasi Undang-Undang jenayah Syariah di Malaysia dalam Membendung Jenayah Syariah di Alam Cyber, in Undang-Undang Jenayah Syariah di Alam Siber (Seminar Prosiding), Jabatan Pengurusan Rangkaian Multimedia,Cyberjaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan.
Ismail, A.H. (1987). Penerapan Nilai-nilai Islam dalam Pentadbiran dan Pengurusan.
Jurnal Dakwah
Jackson, R., Ronald L., Drummond, Darlene K. and Camara, S. (2007). What Is Qualitative Research?, Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, 8: 1, 21 — 28.
Jusidin, N., & Mohd Kusrin,M. & Zuliza. (2018). The Propogation of Doctrine of Deviant Religious Teachings in the Cyber Net penyebaran doktrin ajaran sesat di alam siber. Al-Qanatir: International Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol. 10. No. 1. April Issue, p.42-62.
Muhammad, Muhd Rosydi & Saidin, Aznan & Hussin, Husnayati & Bakar, Elistina. (2017). Proper use of social media according to Maqasid Al-Shari‘ah as a guide for Da’wah in a connected world. Conference: International Seminar on Da’wah At: Bangi: Jabatan Pengajian Dakwah and Kepimpinan, Fakulti Pengajian Islam, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Project: The influence of values and religiosity on social media use among Muslim students in Malaysia from a Maqasid al-Shari‘ah perspective
Mohd Yusob, M. L.; Salleh, M. A.; Haron, A. S.; Makhtar, M.; Asari, K. N.; Jamil, L. S. M. (2015). Maqasid al-Shariah as a Parameter for Islamic Countries in Screening International Treaties Before Ratification: An Analysis. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities. Nov 2015 Special Issue, Vol. 23, p219-225. 7p. Mohamed Elyas, Sean B. Maynard, Atif Ahmad & Andrew Lonie (2014) Towards A Systemic Framework for Digital Forensic Readiness, Journal of Computer Information Systems, 54:3, 97-105, DOI: 10.1080/08874417.2014.11645708.
Nordin, M. Z. F. (2019). Forensic Linguistics and the Detecting of Deviant Teaching in Malaysia. In & B. Mohamad (Ed.), Challenge of Ensuring Research Rigor in Soft Sciences, vol 14. European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences (pp. 275-280). Future Academy. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2016.08.39
Nor Muhamad, N. H., Jaafar, M. A., Abdullah, M., Nizaludin, N. A., Salleh, M. M., & Mohd Zin, M. M. (2015). Konsep Maqasid Syariah Dalam Pengurusan Wakaf (Maqasid Shariah In Waqf Management). Umran - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 2(3). https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2015.2n3.21
Nong, R.A. (2016). Pengalaman Jabatan Forensic Digital Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia, in Undang-Undang Jenayah Syariah di Alam Siber (Seminar Prosiding), Jabatan Pengurusan Rangkaian Multimedia,Cyberjaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan (2016). .
n.a. 2000. Mengenal Ajaran Sesat Di Malaysia, Department of Islamic Development of Malaysia (JAKIM), Kuala Lumpur: PNMB, 2000, p. 1.
n.a. 2008. Awas Qadiani Terkeluar Daripada Islam.. Kuala Lumpur: Jabatan Mufti Wilayah Persekutuan.. P.14-15.
Omar, A. C. (2014). Pengenalan Pengurusan Islam. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka.
Paiizi, M., & Ibrahim, J. (2017). Preparation of An Organization/Country from Cyber Attack using Principles of Maqasid Al-Al-Shariah. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research (IJIR), 3(12), 1- 6.
Philippsohn, S. (2001), "The Dangers of New Technology — Laundering on the Internet", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 87-95.
Niazi, S.M. (2016). Maqasid Al-Shariah and Protection of Women’s Rights. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (2016) Vol.28, No.1, pp 136-145.
Sinar Harian (28 June 2021). “4,327 kes jenayah siber libat kerugian RM77 juta dilaporkan”.
https://www.sinarharian.com.my/article/146770/BERITA/Nasional/4327-kes-jenayah-siber-libat-kerugian-RM77-juta-dilaporkan (accessed on 15 October 2021).

Acts/Enactments

Communications and Multimedia Act 1988 (Act 588).
Security Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012 (SOSMA)
Prevention of Terrorism Act 2015 (POTA)
Police Act 1976 (Act 344)
Penal Code.
Syariah Criminal Offences Act (Federal Territories) Act 1997 (Act 559)
Syariah Criminal Procedure (State of Selangor) Enactment 2003
Syariah Criminal Offences (Selangor) Enactment 1995 (Enactment no. 9 of 1995)
Syariah Criminal Offences Enactment 1997 (Johor)
Syariah Criminal Offences Enactment 1992 (Perak);
Syariah Criminal Offences (Takzir) Enactment 2001 (Terengganu)
Syariah Criminal Offences Enactment 1991 (Perlis)
Syariah Criminal Offences Enactment 1996 (Penang)
Syariah Offences Enactment 1991(Malacca)
Syariah Criminal Offences Enactment 2004 (Negeri Sembilan).
Published
2022-12-01
How to Cite
ZAKIYY, Norman; HASHIM, Hasnizam. Procedural Obstacles in Investigation and Prosecution of Cases on Deviant Teachings in Cyberspace: Maqasid Al-Syariah Approach. International Journal of Advanced Research in Islamic and Humanities, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 4, p. 22-32, dec. 2022. ISSN 2682-8332. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijarih/article/view/20586>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2024.
Section
Articles