Pupils’ Perceptions on Token Economy in ESL Classroom

  • Mathura Kasiveloo
  • Tan Kim Hua


The token economy is a behaviour modification technique which is originated by the principles of operant conditioning found by B.F. Skinner (1938). This case study is done to study pupils’ perspective towards token economy in an ESL classroom. The researcher who is a teacher who are currently teaching in a Malaysian government school selected her pupils as the respondents for this research. The token economy approach that is emphasised in this research is used to solve the issues during speaking lessons in an ESL classroom. This is a quantitative study where the data collected through this survey is analysed and studied using descriptive statistics. The results showed that token economy system able to get pupils motivated to learn and use the target language. The most common form of token economy is the physical reinforcers which is believed to be the most effective form of reinforcement for learning engagement in Malaysian ESL classroom.


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How to Cite
KASIVELOO, Mathura; KIM HUA, Tan. Pupils’ Perceptions on Token Economy in ESL Classroom. International Journal of Advanced Research in Education and Society, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 4, p. 123-128, dec. 2021. ISSN 2682-8138. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijares/article/view/16668>. Date accessed: 21 may 2022.