Individual Innovativeness, Emotional Intelligence and Self-Efficacy Towards Online Learning Readiness

  • Nor Aniza Ahmad
  • Zulfalilla Salim


In Malaysia, the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) announced that all public and private universities need to conduct all classes through online learning to ensure the continuity of education. Online learning is a form of distance learning that takes place partially or entirely over the internet. Online learning can fulfil students’ academics by providing quality education, regardless of location and time, if internet access is available. Measuring students’ readiness in online learning should also be of great concern to universities and has yet to be investigated, particularly for Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) students. The student's readiness determines how his or her behaviour changes. In this study, the researcher intends to find out the level of individual innovativeness, emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and online learning readiness among students at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). The research design is a descriptive correlational study, as well as the data collection method is a quantitative approach. This study comprised 356 postgraduate students from the Faculty of Educational Studies and participants were asked to fill up the questionnaires. Descriptive and inferential statistics are used to analyse the research data. Findings revealed that UPM students have a moderate level of individual innovativeness, emotional intelligence and online learning readiness, however, a high level in self-efficacy. This study has contributed to the new dimension in students’ online learning readiness especially in the education field and the institution that is related to it. More strategies may be developed to ensure students are able to learn online effectively by identifying their level of individual innovativeness, emotional intelligence, self-efficacy, and online learning readiness.


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How to Cite
AHMAD, Nor Aniza; SALIM, Zulfalilla. Individual Innovativeness, Emotional Intelligence and Self-Efficacy Towards Online Learning Readiness. International Journal of Advanced Research in Education and Society, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 4, p. 109-122, dec. 2021. ISSN 2682-8138. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 may 2022.