All Set? ESL Online Teaching among Polytechnic Lecturers during the Covid-19 Pandemic

  • Sara Ruran Fabian
  • Gan Poh Xian
  • Melor Md Yunus

Abstract

Educational institutions around the world have been forced to shut as a result of the Covid-19 outbreak, causing challenges in teaching and learning. The mode of face-to-face teaching in the classroom has quickly given way to web-based interactive teaching. The unexpected shift of online interactive teaching has affected the readiness of educators in offering high-quality education to the learners.  Previous research has shown that lecturers at higher education institutions, notably Malaysian universities, were not fully prepared for the abrupt change. While in the polytechnic setting, however, just a few investigations have been undertaken. As such, this study aims to investigate the readiness of polytechnics lecturers in ESL online teaching during the pandemic. A Google Form questionnaire was sent to 35 English lecturers from Sarawak's polytechnics and a semi-structured interview was conducted with three lecturers who teach Communicate English from each polytechnic. The findings revealed that although having a decent comprehension of basic technological abilities, the lecturers are not fully equipped for online teaching due to a lack of training. Whether or not a pandemic is present, it is vital to provide trainings to assist polytechnic lecturers in embracing and preparing for online teaching.

References

Abdullah, S., & Majid, F. A. (2013). Reflection on Language Teaching Practice In Polytechnic: Identifying Sources Of Teachers’ Beliefs. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 90, 813-822.
Almaiah, M. A., Al-Khasawneh, A., & Althunibat, A. (2020). Exploring the critical challenges and factors influencing the E-learning system usage during COVID-19 pandemic. Education and Information Technologies, 25, 5261-5280
Arora R. & Stoner Ch. (2009). A mixed method approach to understanding brand personality. Journal of Product & Brand Management, 18(4), 272-283.
Borotis, S. & Poulymenakou, A. (2004). E-Learning Readiness Components: Key Issues to Consider Before Adopting e-Learning Interventions. In J. Nall & R. Robson (Eds.), Proceedings of E-Learn 2004--World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education. 1622 – 1629. Washington, DC, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved June 5, 2021 from https://www.learntechlib.org/p/11555.
Caliskan, S., Kurbanov, R., Platonova, R., Ishmuradova, A., Vasbieva, D., & Merenkova, I. (2020). Lecturers Views of Online Instructors about Distance Education and Adobe Connect. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 15(23), 145-157.
Creswell, J. (2002). Educational Research: Planning,Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Merrill Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Creswell, J. W., & Clark, V. L. (2017). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
Godwin-Jones, R. (2019). Riding the digital wilds: Learner autonomy and informal language learning.
Hitchhock, G & Hughes, D. (1995). Research and the Teacher: A Qualitative Introduction to School Based Research. Psychology Press.
Junus,K., Santoso, H. B., Putra, P. O. H., Gandhi, A., & Siswantining, T. (2021). Lecturer Readiness for Online Classes during the pandemic: A Survey Research. Education Sciences 11(3) : 139, 1 – 14. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11030139
Karuppannan, S., & Mohammed, L. A. (2020). Predictive Factors Associated with Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic in Malaysia: A conceptual Framework. International Journal of Management and Human Science (IJMHS), 4(4), 19-29.
Kebritchi, M., Lipschuetz, A., & Santiague, L. (2017). Issues and challenges for teaching successful online courses in higher education: A literature review. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 46(1), 4–29. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047239516661713
Koo, A. C. (2008). Factors affecting teachers’ perceived readiness for online collaborative learning: A case study in Malaysia. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 11(1), 266-278.
Lietz, C. A., Langer, C. L., & Furman, R. (2006). Establishing Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research in Social Work. Qualitative Social Work: Research and Practice, 5(4), 441–458. doi:10.1177/1473325006070288
Loeb, Susanna, et al. (2017). Descriptive Analysis in Education: A Guide for Researchers. NCEE 2017-4023. National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance.
Mahyoob, M. (2020). Challenges of e-Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic Experienced by EFL Learners. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ), 11 (4), 351 – 362. https://dx.doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol11no4.23
Malaysia Ministry of Education. (2020). Soalan Lazim (FAQs) berkaitan Perlanjutan Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan KPM Bil 2. Putrajaya: Malaysia. Ministry of Education.
Martin, F., Budhrani, K., & Wang, C. (2019). Examining faculty perception of their readiness to teach online. Online Learning Journal, 23(3), 97–119.
Merriam, S. B., & Tisdell, E. J. (2015). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. John Wiley & Sons.
Mohamad, S. N. M., Salam, S., & Bakar, N. (2014). Lecturers’ Perceptions and Attitudes towards the Usage of Online Learning at Polytechnic. International journal of Science Commerce and Humanities, 2(1), 169 – 172.
Murairwa, Stanley. (2015). Voluntary sampling design. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences, 4(2): 185-200.
Nambiar, R. (2020, September 21). Is Malaysia ready for full implementation of virtual learning? BERNAMA. Retrieved from https://www.bernama.com/en/features/news.php?id=1881656
Ncube, S., Dube, L., &Ngulube, P. (2014). E-learning readiness among academic staff in the Department of Information Science at the University of South Africa. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(16), 357.
Nwagwu, W. E. (2020). E-learning readiness of universities in Nigeria-what are the opinions of the academic staff of Nigeria’s premier university?. Education and Information Technologies, 25(2), 1343-1370.
Poe, M., & Stassen, M. L. A. (2002). Teaching and Learning Online Communication, Community and Assessment: A Handbook for UMass Faculty. Amherst, MA: Office of Academic Planning and Assessment University of Massachusetts Amherst.
Pokhrel, S., & Chhetri, R. (2021). A literature review on impact of COVID-19 pandemic on teaching and learning. Higher Education for the Future, 8(1), 133-141.
Rapanta, C., Botturi, L., Goodyear, P., Guardia, L., & Koole, M. (2020). Online University Teaching During and After the Covid-19 Crisis: Refocusing Teacher Presence and Learning Activity. Postdigital Science and Education 2, 923-945.
Reyes-Chua, E., Sibbaluca, B. G., Miranda, R. D., Palmario, G. B., Moreno, R. P., & Solon, J. P. T. (2020). The status of the implementation of the e-learning classroom in selected higher education institutions in region IV-A amidst the covid-19 crisis. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(11), 253-258.
Sadiku, M. N. O., Adebo, P. O., & Musa, S. M. (2018). Online Teaching and Learning. International Journals of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, 8 (2), 73 – 75.
Sanmugama, S. T., Shamsudinb, S., & Subramanian, G. J. (2017). Polytechnic English Language Lecturers’ Attitudes towards the Teaching of Communicative English. Sains Humanika, 9: 4-2, 33–38.
Saumure, K., & Given, Lisa M. (2008). Convenience Sample. The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Shaharanee, I. Z. M., Mohd Jamil, J., Nordin, H., & Abu Bakar, M. S. (2020). Assessing Lecturer's Readiness for Online Learning Implementation during COVID -19 Outbreak. Ilkogretim Online – Elementary Education Online, 19 (2), 79 – 84.
Stern, J. (2004). Benefits of Online Teaching and Learning. In Introduction to Online Teaching and Learning. Retrieved from http://www.wlac.edu/online/documents/otl.pdf
Tajuddin, A. J. A., Romly. R., Hamzah, Y., Wan Hussin, W. R., & Wan Mud, W. M. (2020). Lecturers’ Readiness and Emotional Presence on Online Teaching Data in a Malaysian University during COVID-19. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, ICSTEIR, vol. 536, 548 – 556.
United Nations (2020, December 24). The virus that shut down the world: 2020, a year like no other. UN News. https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/12/1080702
UNICEF (2021, March 3). COVID-19: Schools for more than 168 million children globally have been completely closed for almost a full year, says UNICEF. UNICEF. https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/schools-more-168-million-children-globally-have-been-completely-closed
Vu, C.T., Hoang, A.D., Than, V.Q., Nguyen, M.T., Dinh, V.H., Le, Q.A.T., . . . Nguyen, Y.C. (2020). Dataset of Vietnamese teachers’ perspectives and perceived support during the COVID-19 pandemic. Elsevier, Data Brief 2020, 31, 105788. 1 – 9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105788
Yassin, M. (2020). The Prime Minister’s Special Message on Covid-19. Putrajaya: Malaysia. Department of Prime Minister.
Yusof, Y., Mohamad, M. M., & Zainorabidin, A. (2013). Teachers’ Desires and Challenges to Perform Active Teaching Practices. Proceeding of the International Conference on Social Science Research, ICSSR, 1091-1095.
Published
2021-09-01
How to Cite
RURAN FABIAN, Sara; POH XIAN, Gan; MD YUNUS, Melor. All Set? ESL Online Teaching among Polytechnic Lecturers during the Covid-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Advanced Research in Education and Society, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 3, p. 1-15, sep. 2021. ISSN 2682-8138. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijares/article/view/15066>. Date accessed: 24 oct. 2021.
Section
Articles