Does Playing Chess Improve Mathematics Scores? An Experimental Study Among Co-Curricular – Chess Students in Politeknik Kuching Sarawak

  • Bong Nee Mel

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the potential benefits of playing chess on mathematics improvement. There were two groups of respondents in this study, the experimental group were the students who taken chess as their co-curricular’s course for a whole semester while the control group were the other regular-lessons students who not involved with any chess activities. A series of chess lessons and practices were planned and implemented to the experimental group during the weekly co-curricular class. The mathematics assessment consisted of items of The Engineering Mathematics 1 and conducted twice to the students for both groups, the pre-test at the beginning of the semester or before treatment process and the post-test at the end of the semester or after treatment process. The analysis used in this study were the descriptive statistics, the one-sample t-test and the independent sample t-test. This study showed the very encouraging result which playing chess mostly could benefit the students in their mathematics learning and improvement. The students in experimental group showed significantly higher mathematics improvement than the students from the control group. This finding may be useful for the institution to encourage students to learn and play chess during their free time or involve with any chess activities organised. The institution also can set up a chess club and open to all students to join. With these efforts in cultivating the chess playing in institution, it is hoped that even a short-time chess practice or chess playing among students can be a very useful tool to boost their mathematical abilities.

References

Işıkgöz, E. (2016). Analysis On Math Success Of Secondary School Students Playing And Not Playing Chess (Sakarya province sample). International Journal of Human Science, 13(1), 1689-1699. https://doi.org/10.14687/IJHS.V13I1.3693
Kazemi, F., Yektayar, M., & Abad, A. M. B. (2012). Investigation The Impact Of Chess Play On Developing Meta-Cognitive Ability And Math Problem-Solving Power Of Students At Different Levels Of Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 32. 372 – 379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.01.056
Mashuri, H. (2015). Pengaruh Latihan Permainan Catur Terhadap Prestasi Akademik Siswa SD Se-Kabupaten Trenggalek. Jurnal SPORTIF: Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran, 1(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.29407/js_unpgri.v1i1.570
Rosholm, M., Mikkelsen, M. B., & Gumede, K. (2017). Your Move: The Effect Of Chess On Mathematics Test Scores. PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177257. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177257
Sala, G., Gorini, A. & Pravettoni, G. (2015). Mathematical Problem-Solving Abilities And Chess: An Experimental Study On Young Pupils. SAGE Open, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015596050
Sala, G., Gobet, F., Trinchero, R. & Ventura, S. (2016). Does Chess Instruction Enhance Mathematical Ability In Children? A Three-Group Design To Control For Placebo Effects. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. https://iris.unito.it/retrieve/handle/2318/1638111/334028/sala_cogsci-2016.pdf
Scholz, M., Niesch, H., Steffen, O., Ernst, B., Loeffler, M., Witruk, E. & Schwarz, H. (2008). Impact Of Chess Training On Mathematics Performance And Concentration Ability Of Children With Learning Disabilities. International Journal of Special Education, 23(3). 139-149. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ833690
Simple English Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. (2021, February 10). History of Chess. https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_chess#cite_note-Lasa-2
Subia, G. S., Amaranto, J. L., Amaranto, J. C., Bustamante, J. Y. & Damaso, I. C. (2019). Chess And Mathematics Performance Of College Players: An Exploratory Analysis. Open Access Library Journal, 6: e5195. https://doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1105195
Trinchero, R. (2013). Can Chess Training Improve Pisa Scores In Mathematics? An Experiment In Italian Primary Schools. Kasparov Chess Foundation, Europe. https://iris.unito.it/retrieve/handle/2318/142194/23444/Trinchero_KCFE.pdf
Trinchero, R. & Sala, G. (2016). Chess Training And Mathematical Problem-Solving: The Role Of Teaching Heuristics In Transfer Of Learning. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 12(3), 655-668. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2016.1255a
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. (2021, February 11). Chess. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chess
WooChess. (2018, May 8). 10 Benefits of Teaching Kids To Play Chess. https://woochess.com/en/blog/10-benefits-of-teaching-kids-to-play-chess
Published
2021-06-01
How to Cite
NEE MEL, Bong. Does Playing Chess Improve Mathematics Scores? An Experimental Study Among Co-Curricular – Chess Students in Politeknik Kuching Sarawak. International Journal of Advanced Research in Education and Society, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 9-17, june 2021. ISSN 2682-8138. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijares/article/view/13480>. Date accessed: 28 sep. 2021.
Section
Articles