The Interpretation of Rem Koolhaas’ Spatial Composition and Program Methodologies

  • Mohammad Arar
  • Mohammed Sherzad
  • Nashwa Shiqwarah


In contemporary architecture after modernism, the program plays a significant role in creating new types of architecture since the existing program's concept is insufficient to accommodate modern society's uncertain and multi-layered complex phenomena. This paper aims to analyze the characteristics of Rem Koolhaas' program organization and space composition method. As a methodology, the literature review examines the meaning of the program in modern architecture via theoretical consideration of the architectural program and, based on this, discusses the background of the formation of the concept of Rem Koolhaas' architectural program and organizational method. To compare the space composition methods that appear in the process of materializing into space, the area was classified into architectural thoughts, circulation, structure, and furniture. The result showed that Rem Koolhaas first viewed the program as indeterminate and reinterpreted it via an integration stage. Looking at the architectural way of thinking in the composition of space, Rem Koolhaas composed the space by focusing on the vertical relationship of space. Rem Koolhaas integrated the circulation and central activity parts for internal circulation in the main composition via a continuous path. It was proven that regarding the structure in spatial composition, Rem Koolhaas used structure to realize the concept of a program. Rem Koolhaas constructed the space in an anti-gravity form. It was investigated that furniture in space composition, and Rem Koolhaas shows a common tendency to use furniture as an element that creates events. In that way, Rem Koolhaas used furniture in an integrated manner with constructive elements.


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How to Cite
ARAR, Mohammad; SHERZAD, Mohammed; SHIQWARAH, Nashwa. The Interpretation of Rem Koolhaas’ Spatial Composition and Program Methodologies. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering Innovation, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 13-25, june 2024. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 july 2024.