The Implementation of the Concept of Atmosphere in Kazuyo Sejima’s Architecture

  • Chuloh Jung
  • Mohammed Sherzad
  • Mohammad Arar

Abstract

Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa are founding partners of the firm SANAA (Sejima and Nishizawa and Associates) and renowned for their refined simplicity, spatial fluidity, and thoughtful integration into urban contexts. SANAA has developed the architectural ‘atmosphere’ as its design methodology and called it as a landscape (the contemporary scenery) for people. The objective of this paper is to explore the examples of ‘Atmosphere’ in their projects and SANAA’s design methodology to define Atmosphere and discover new design vocabulary for Atmosphere. As a methodology, the interpretation of SANAA's own statements and explanatory texts and exploration to find consistency in fragmentary and multi-faceted statements were conducted. In addition to the analysis of speech, in approaching the atmosphere as an embodied substance, it was attempted to trace and discover which architectural representations are closely related to the concept of atmosphere in the design result. The analysis result had shown that SANAA used three main approached for atmosphere as follows: 1) an expression strategy to reset the hierarchy, 2) an expression strategy of transparency and abstract simplicity to clearly express the architectural concept they want to convey, that is, the essential nature of the project, 3) a strategy of tricks to induce discovery. SANAA has been pursuing a new freedom and has incorporated multiple values into it and tries to embody the concept of atmosphere via the various representational strategies: hierarchical reconstitution of space, transparent and abstract simplification, and non-deceptive trick.

References

Adam, H., Hubert, D., & Kohte, S. (2017). Architecture in Japan: Perceptions, developments and interconnections. In Encounters and Positions (pp. 6-17). Birkhäuser.
Alfirević, Đ., & Simonović-Alfirević, S. (2016). Interpretations of space within space concept in contemporary open-plan architecture. Arhitektura i urbanizam, (42), 24-40.
Alonso Provencio, M., & Almazán Caballero, J. (2011). Designing the process: scale models in the work of Kazuyo Sejima and Sou Fujimoto. International Journal of Architectural Research, 5(1), 22-36.
Aoki, J. (2003). Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa: A Portrait. GA Houses, 73, 158-64.
Aragüez, M., & Psarra, S. (2017). Spatial and social patterns of an urban interior The Architecture of SANAA. The Journal of Space Syntax, 7(2), 193-218.
Attia, A. S. (2020). Traditional multi-story house (Tower House) in Sana’a City, Yemen. An example of sustainable architecture. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 59(1), 381-387.
Bărbuică, L. (2017). Teaching in Architecture Studios: Poetic Simplicity. In Rethinking Social Action. Core Values in Practice (pp. 75-91). Editura Lumen, Asociatia Lumen.
Beynon, D. (2012, January). Superflat architecture: culture and dimensionality. In Interspaces: Art+ Architectural Exchanges from East to West (pp. 1-9). [The University of Melbourne, School of Culture and Communication].
Bradaschia, M. (2012). Kazuyo Sejima & Ryue Nishizawa, Sanaa. 24-28.
Campbell, H. (2008). Artists of the Floating World: SANNA, Niedermayr and the Construction of Atmosphere. Architectural Design, 78(3), 92-95.
Chang, Y. S. (2015). A Study on the Recomposition of Spatial Relations in SANAA Houses and Housings. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design, 31(2), 27-35.
Choe, S. K. (2010). A Study on Building Envelope and Formation of Flexible Boundary-Focused on Contemporary Architecture of Toyo Ito and SANAA. Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, 19(2), 81-89.
Chunyu, S. X. W. (2012). The Contemporary Expression of the'Architecture Promenade Space'——From Le Corbusier to REM Koolhaas, and then to SANAA [J]. The Architect, 3.
Cinn, E. G., & Baek, J. (2012). A Study on SANAA's Domestic Spaces for Changes of Modern Nuclear Family. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design, 28(8), 83-90.
Fatang, W. (2010). On architectural thought of Louis Isadore Kahn [J]. The Architect, 5.
Grima, J., & Wong, K. (Eds.). (2008). SHIFT: SANAA and the New Museum. New Museum. 102-114.
Guo, Y., Zhang, Z., & Guo, S. (2013). A Perception on Architectural Character——In Contrast to the Different Architectural Character in Coop Himmelblau and SANAA. Fujian Architecture & Construction, 07.
Hasegawa, Y. (2005). Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa, Sanaa (Vol. 168). Mondadori Electa. 44-57.
Hong, K. P., & Lee, K. H. (2012). A Study on the Architecture of Mies Van Der Rohe and SANAA Through the Concepts of Difference and Repetition. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design, 28(12), 3-10.
Idenburg, F., & Oki, T. (2007). Architecture-design by SANAA-Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa-Beautiful rough-The New Museum is another step by SANAA on the road to a gentle brutalism. Domus, (909), 12.
Jakobsen, A. S. (2012). " Everything keeps moving, nothing stays the same.": On becoming with context in the work of SANAA. In Context 2010/2011 (pp. 10-11). Arkitektskolens Forlag.
Jakobsen, A. S. (2014). The Affects of Museum Architecture: Louvre-Lens and Museu de Arte de São Paulo. In Arts in Society.
Januszkiewicz, K., & Banachowicz, M. (2017, October). Nonlinear shaping architecture designed with using evolutionary structural optimization tools. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 245, No. 8, p. 082042). IOP Publishing.
Jauslin, D. (2010). Architecture with Landscape Methods: Case Study of the Rolex Learning Centre Lausanne by SANAA Tokyo. In 8th ISAIA International Symposium on Architectural Interchanges in Asia, 9-12 November 2010, Kitakyushu, Japan. Architectural Institute of Japan.
Jeon, H. J., & Kim, D. J. (2014). A Study of the Characteristics of the Space Realization based on Becoming thought in Contemporary Japanese Architecture-Focused on the Projects of SANAA, Ito Toyo, Sou Fujimoto. Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, 23(4), 72-82.
Jerković-Babović, B., Rakonjac, I., & Furundžić, D. (2020). Fluid spaces in a contemporary urban context: questioning the boundary between architecture and infrastructure. Spatium, 35-43.
Kaji-O'Grady, S. (2009). SANAA: An installation by Ryue Nisizawa and Kazuyo Sejima of SANAA. Architecture Australia, 98(5), 27-28.
Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa/SANNA. (2011). 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. Architectural Design, 81(1), 94-101.
Kim, N. H. (2017). A Study on Meanings of Transparency in the Composition of Spaces of SANAA's Projects. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design, 33(10), 3-10.
Küng, M. (2007). Walter Niedermayr:... in conjunction with the Exhibition" Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa. Hatje Cantz. 72-85.
Kwon, K. M., & Kim, J. J. (2007). A Study on the Program Organization and Spatialization Methods in the Projects of Rem Koolhaas and Kazuyo Sejima. Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, 16(6), 28-35.
Lee, K. S. (2014). Analysis of the Spatial Structure of Kazuyo Sejima & Ryue Nishizawa's House Designs. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 15(5), 3220-3230.
Merkel, J. (2008). SANAA's New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York. Architectural Design, 78(3), 98-101.
Naidoo, C. P. (2018). Shape shifting in contemporary Japanese residential architecture in Japan: Tadao Ando, Kengo Kuma, SANAA.
Niedermayr, W., & Nishizawa, R. (2007). Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa. Hatje Cantz Pub. 67-78.
Obrist, H. U. (2002). Sanaa on Kanazawa: roving curator Hans Ulrich Obrist catches up with Kazuyo Sejima of Sanaa Architects Group about Kanazawa Museum, Istanbul Bienale, the New Museum in Rome, and Prada Beauty. Images by Luisa Lambri. MAKE: The Magazine of Women's Art, (92), 34-36.
Olsen, C., & Mac Namara, S. (2014). Collaborations in architecture and engineering. Routledge. 46-52.
Park, J. S., & Kim, D. J. (2017). A Study on the Works of Rem Koolhaas, SANAA, Sou Fujimoto through the Text of Roland Barthes. Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, 26(1), 13-24.
Park, S. L., & Lee, Y. S. (2012). A Study on Non-representation Approach Indicated in Paintings and Architecture-Focus on Francis Bacon's paintings and SANAA's Architectural projects. Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, 21(5), 114-121.
Park, U. (2014). Creative Image of SANAA's Architecture based on the Gilles Deleuze's Concept of Image-Movement. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design, 30(4), 133-142.
Pearson, C. A. (2007). Toledo Museum of Art Glass Pavilion, Ohio (Kazuyo Sejima, Ryue Nishizawa, SANAA). ARCHITECTURAL RECORD, 195(1), 78-83.
Pedreño, Á. A. (2020, June). Space Without Substance: The Drawing of the Material in the Work of Modern Architects in Japan-Kazuo Shinohara, Toyo Ito, Kazuyo Sejima (SANAA). In Congreso Internacional de Expresión Gráfica Arquitectónica (pp. 445-457). Springer, Cham.
Peltason, R. A., & Ong-Yan, G. (Eds.). (2010). Architect: the work of the Pritzker Prize laureates in their own words. Black Dog & Leventhal. 68-76.
Petit, E. (2013). Involution, Ambience, and Architecture. Log, (29), 25-32.
Psarra, S., & Araguez, M. (2015). Spatial and social patterns of an urban interior: The architecture of SANAA. Space Syntax Laboratory, The Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London. 84-96.
Reisner, Y. (2019). Abstraction and Informality Generate a New Aesthetic An Interview with Kazuyo Sejima. Architectural Design, 89(5), 30-37.
Rubio, A. P. (2007). Houses: Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa. SANAA, Actar. 24-32.
Rumpfhuber, A. (2011). The Legacy of Office Landscaping:: SANAA’s Rolex Learning Centre. Idea Journal, 11(1), 20-33.
Sejima, K., & Nishizawa, R. (2004). Liquid Playgrounds. El Croqui, 121, 122, 10-12.
Sejima, K., & Nishizawa, R. (2014). New Museum–New York. In The Architecture of Art Museums (pp. 218-231). Routledge.
Sejima, K., & Nishizawa, R. (2018). GA ARCHITECT, Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa/2011–2018. EDITA. 42-56.
Sejima, K., Costa, X., & Nishizawa, R. (2010). Sanaa. Fundació Mies van der Rohe. 62-74.
Shin, S., Yoon, S. Y., & Yoon, J. E. (2013). A Study on the Characteristics of Representation on'The new hierarchy'that Appear in the SANAA's Space Configuration of Museum. Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, 22(4), 149-157.
Vandenbulcke, B. (2012). Concretion, abstraction: the place of design processes in today architecture practice. Case Study: Sanaa. In Proceedings: First International Conference on Architecture and Urban Design (1-ICAUD).
Vaughan, J., & Ostwald, M. J. (2008). Approaching Euclidean limits: a fractal analysis of the architecture of Kazuyo Sejima. ANZAScA08, 285-294.
Vossnacke, A. (2010). EPFL Rolex Learning Center in Lausanne-Sanaa Kazuyo Sejima+ Ryue Nishizawa-Schwingender Saum. Baumeister, 107(4), 46.
Xiaofeng, S. J. C. (2012). Analysis on the SANAA's Okurayama Apartment. Huazhong Architecture, 10.
Yang, J. (2019). A Sense of Japanese Aesthetics: The Role of Materiality in the Work of SANAA. KnE Social Sciences, 26-39.
Yang, J. (2020). The Ambiguity of Visual Perception and Cloudiness in SANAA’s Architecture. Architecture and Culture, 1-18.
Yu, J. (2005). A study on the Construction method of Expressive Exterior-Envelope using an Optical Illusion effect by Kazuyo Sejima & Ryue Nishizawa. Seoul: Journal of AIK, 21(8), 119-126.
Yusu, W. F. X. (2009). To certain certainty of" uncertain"—Unscrambling architecural thought of Kazuyo Sejima&Ryue Nishizawa [J]. The Architect, 4.
Zhiwei, J. (2007). Study on the Design of Dwelling House by Kazuyo Sejima & Ryue Nishizawa [J]. Huazhong Architecture, 5.
Published
2021-12-01
How to Cite
JUNG, Chuloh; SHERZAD, Mohammed; ARAR, Mohammad. The Implementation of the Concept of Atmosphere in Kazuyo Sejima’s Architecture. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering Innovation, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 4, p. 50-62, dec. 2021. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijarei/article/view/16343>. Date accessed: 28 may 2022.
Section
Articles