A Systematic Investigation on the Potential of Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) Design Approach Implementation in Healthcare Buildings

  • Mohamed S
  • Abdellah R H
  • Masrom M A N
  • Chen G K
  • Manap N

Abstract

A concept called net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs) has received incrementing attention especially since European Union Parliament are progressively moving towards regulation in which all new buildings to be “nearly Zero-Energy” Buildings by 2020. In the context of Malaysia construction industry, the government has a significant concern in energy consumption and the negative impacts of inefficient of energy usage. Although this concept provides promising benefits, however, previous studies found that the benefits of NZEB is still doubtable to the Malaysian construction industry, particularly for healthcare buildings. The NZEBs concept implementation is crucial in healthcare building as it seen as a key-part of the needed transition towards sustainable energy efficiency as well as co² emissions control in its energy dimension. This paper aims to determine benefits of NZEBs practices through preliminary investigation among architects. Several existing energy works of literature and pilot studies by using semi-structured interviews were conducted. The findings reveal that, although the term ‘NZEBs design strategies’ is not being used broadly across construction industry in Malaysia, some green practices related to the design stage of construction has been carried out. The findings are also encouraging in increasing awareness, practices and implementation of NZEBs design strategies by the practitioner in Malaysia. It is envisaged that the paper will provide a basic knowledge for future research in benefits of NZEBs, significant value and design strategies practices for healthcare buildings construction in Malaysia.

References

[1] European Union. (2010). Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) recast, Directive 2010/31/EU.
[2] Torcellini, P., Pless, S., Lobato, C., & Hootman, T. (2010, May). Main street net-zero energy buildings: the zero energy method in concept and practice. In Proceedings of ASME. International Conference on Energy Sustainability. May. Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
[3] Patiño-Cambeiro, F., Armesto, J., Patiño-Barbeito, F., & Bastos, G. (2016). Perspectives on Near ZEB Renovation Projects for Residential Buildings: The Spanish Case. Energies, 9(8), 628.
[4] Morgenstern, P., Li, M., Raslan, R., Ruyssevelt, P., & Wright, A. (2016). Benchmarking acute hospitals: Composite electricity targets based on departmental consumption intensities?. Energy and Buildings, 118, 277-290.
[5] Nawawi, N. M., Sapian, A. R., Majid, N. H. A., & Aripin, S. (2013). Hospital Design in Tropical Malaysia Towards a Green Agenda. In Proceedings uia/phg 2013 annual healthcare forum + Gupha meeting at IIDEX Canada, Toronto, Canada.
[6] Anderson, T. R., Hawkins, E., & Jones, P. D. (2016). CO 2, the greenhouse effect and global warming: from the pioneering work of Arrhenius and Callendar to today's Earth System Models. Endeavour, 40(3), 178-187.
[7] Church, J. A., Clark, P. U., Cazenave, A., Gregory, J. M., Jevrejeva, S., Levermann, A., ... & Payne, A. J. (2013). Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Sea level change, 1137-1216.
[8] Bernama. (2016, October 25). Enam Pesakit Maut Dalam Kebakaran Di ICU Hospital Sultanah Aminah. Bernama. Retrieved March 19, 2018, from http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v8/bm/newsindex.php?id=1295493.
[9] Rizalman Hammim. (2016 December 23). Sultanah Aminah Hospital fire caused by capacitor in ceiling lights: Health Ministry. New Straits Times. Retrieved April 14, 2018, from https://www.nst.com.my/news/2016/12/198915/sultanah-aminah-hospital-fire-caused-capacitor-ceiling-lights-health-ministry.
[10] Lee, H. M., Chow, W. K., & Hung, H. Y. A Study on Residential Fires due to Electrical Faults in Hong Kong. In Proceedings of 3rd Residential Building Design & Construction Conference - March 2-3, 2016 at Penn State, University Park PHRC.psu.edu.
[11] Wang, Y., Mo, S. J., Liang, D., Yang, W. B., Wang, L., & Zheng, F. J. (2013). Limitation Analysis of Electrical Fire Metallographic Identification Technology. Procedia Engineering, 52, 422-427.
[12] Economic Planning Unit. (2015). Eleventh Malaysia Plan 2011-2015, Anchoring Growth on People. Putrajaya: Economic Planning Unit.
[13] Bohari, A. A. M., Skitmore, M., Xia, B., Teo, M., Zhang, X., & Adham, K. N. (2015). The path towards greening the Malaysian construction industry. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 52, 1742-1748.
[14] Khor, C. S., & Lalchand, G. (2014). A review on sustainable power generation in Malaysia to 2030: Historical perspective, current assessment, and future strategies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 952-960.
[15] Ministry of Health Malaysia. (2017). Malaysia National Health Accounts Health Expenditure Report 1997-2015. Putrajaya: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia.
[16] Ministry of Health Malaysia. (2014). Annual Report 2014. Putrajaya: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia.
[17] Sartori I, Assunta N, & Karsten V. (2012). Net zero energy buildings: A consistent definition framework. Energy and Buildings, 48, 220-232.
[18] Buildings Performance Institute Europe. (2015). Implementing Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings (NZEB) In Poland - Towards A Definition and Roadmap (Publication). Buildings Performance Institute Europe.
[19] Green Building Index. Retrieved April 3 from http://new.greenbuildingindex.org/organisation/building.
[20] Green Building Index. (2015, July). Non-Residential Existing Building (NREB): Hospital. Bangsar, Kuala Lumpur.
[21] Green Building Index. (2015, July). Non-Residential New Construction (NRNC): Hospital. Bangsar, Kuala Lumpur.
[22] Aksamija, A. (2015). Regenerative Design of Existing Buildings for Net-Zero Energy Use. Procedia Engineering, 118, 72-80.
[23] Habash, G., Chapotchkine, D., Fisher, P., Rancourt, A., Habash, R., & Norris, W. (2014). Sustainable Design of a Nearly Zero Energy Building Facilitated by a Smart Microgrid. Journal of Renewable Energy, 2014.
[24] Omrany, H., & Marsono, A. K. (2016). Optimization of building energy performance through passive design strategies. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, 13(6), 1-16.
[25] Aelenei D., Aelenei L., Musall E., Cubi E., Ayoub J., & Belleri A. (2013). Design strategies for non-residential zero-energy buildings: lessons learned from Task40/Annex 52: towards net zero-energy solar buildings. In: CLIMA 2013 - 11th REHVA World Congress & 8th International Conference on IAQVEC, Book of Proceedings, Prague, Czech Republic, 16-19 June, 2013, 10 p.
[26] Marshall, E., Steinberger, J. K., Dupont, V., & Foxon, T. J. (2016). Combining energy efficiency measure approaches and occupancy patterns in building modelling in the UK residential context. Energy and Buildings, 111, 98-108.
[27] Phuangpornpitak, N., & Tia, S. (2013). Opportunities and challenges of integrating renewable energy in smart grid system. Energy Procedia, 34, 282-290.
[28] Yuehong Lu, Shengwei Wang, and Kui Shan. (2015). Design optimization and optimal control of grid-connected and standalone nearly/net zero energy buildings. Applied Energy, 155, 463-477.
[29] Aelenei, L, Ayoub, J., & Aelenei, D. (2012). Net Zero Energy Residential Building Case Studies. Energy Conservation in Buildings & Community Systems.
[30] Alessandra Scognamiglioa, François Gardeb, & Harald N. Røstvik. (2014). How Net Zero Energy Buildings and cities might look like? New challenges for passive design and renewables design. Energy Procedia, 61, 1163–1166.
[31] Hootman T. (2012). Net Zero Energy Design: A Guide for Commercial Architecture, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.
[32] Gandhi Habash, Daniel Chapotchkine, Peter Fisher, Alec Rancourt, Riadh Habash, & Will Norris. (2014). Sustainable Design of a Nearly Zero Energy Building Facilitated by a Smart Microgrid. Journal of Renewable Energy, 2014.
[33] Thalfeldt M., Pikas E., Kurnitski J., Voll H.. (2013). Facade design principles for nearly zero energy buildings in a cold climate. Energy and Buildings, 67, 309-321.
[34] Parameshwaran R, Kalaiselvam S, Harikrishnan S, & Elayaperumal A. (2012). Sustainable thermal energy storage technologies for buildings: a review. Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(5), 2394–433.
[35] Fausto Barbolini, Paolo Cappellacci, & Luca Guardigli. (2017). A design strategy to reach nZEB standards integrating energy efficiency measures and passive energy use. Energy Procedia, 111, 205-214.
[36] Jonas Anund Vogel, Per Lundqvist, & JaimeArias. (2015). Categorizing Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Energy Procedia, 75, 2839-2845.
[37] Kolokotsa, D, D Rovas, E Kosmatopoulos, & K Kalaitzakis. (2011). A roadmap towards intelligent net zero- and positive-energy buildings. Solar Energy, 85(12), 3067-3084.
[38] Koo C, Hong T, Park H, Yun G. (2013). Framework for the analysis of the potential of the rooftop photovoltaic system to achieve the net-zero energy solar buildings. Progress in Photovoltaic: Research and Application, 22(4), 462-478.
[39] Maria Ferrara, Enrico Fabrizio, Joseph Virgone, & Marco Filippi. (2015). Appraising the effect of the primary systems on the cost optimal design of nZEB: A case study in two different climates. Energy Procedia, 78, 2028–2033.
[40] Fabrizio Ascione, Rosa Francesca De Masib, Filippode Rossi, Silvia Ruggiero, & Giuseppe Peter Vanoli. (2016b). Optimization of building envelope design for nZEBs in Mediterranean climate: Performance analysis of residential case study. Applied Energy, 183, 938-957.
[41] Cristina Becchio, Paolo Dabbene, Enrico Fabrizio, Valentina Monetti, & Marco Filippi. (2015). Cost optimality assessment of a single family house: Building and technical systems solutions for the nZEB target. Energy and Buildings, 90, 173-187.
[42] Edwin Rodriguez-Ubinasa, Claudio Montero, María Porteros, Sergio Vega, Iñaki Navarro, Manuel Castillo-Cagigal, Eduardo Matallanas, & Alvaro Gutiérrez. (2014). Passive design strategies and performance of net plus energy houses. Energy and Buildings, 83, 10-22.
[43] Niki Gaitani, Laia Cases, Elena Mastrapostoli, & Eftychia Eliopoulou. (2015). Paving the way to nearly zero energy schools in Mediterranean region- ZEMedS project. Energy Procedia, 78, 3348-3353.
[44] Dalla Mora T., Cappelletti F., Peron F., Romagnoni P., & Bauman F. (2015). "Retrofit of an historical building toward NZEB". Energy Procedia, 78, 1359-1364.
[45] Annamaria Buonomano, Umberto Montanaro, Adolfo Palombo, & Maria Vicidomini. (2015). NZEBs in Mediterranean climates: energy design and optimization for a non-residential building. Energy Procedia, 82, 458-464.
[46] Fabrizio Ascione, Nicola Bianco, Filippo de Rossi, Rosa Francesca De Masi, Giuseppe Peter Vanoli. (2016a). Concept, Design and Energy Performance of a Net Zero-Energy Building in Mediterranean Climate. Procedia Engineering, 169, 26–37.
[47] Jarek Kurnitski, Arto Saari, Targo Kalamees, Mika Vuolle, Jouko Niemelä, & Teet Tark. (2011). Cost optimal and nearly zero (nZEB) energy performance calculations for residential buildings with REHVA definition for nZEB national implementation. Energy and Buildings, 43, 3279–3288.
[48] Becchio C., Bottero M. C., Corgnati S. P., & Ghiglione C. (2015). nZEB design: challenging between energy and economic targets. Energy Procedia, 78, 2070–2075.
[49] Zhiyong Tiana, Shicong Zhang, Huai Li, Yiqiang Jiang, Jiankai Dong, Boxiang Zhang, & Rongbo Yi. (2015). Investigations of Nearly (net) Zero Energy Residential Buildings in Beijing. Procedia Engineering, 121, 1051 – 1057.
[50] Ayman Mohamed, Ala Hasan, & Kai Sirén. (2014). Fulfillment of net-zero energy building (NZEB) with four metrics in a single family house with different heating alternatives. Applied Energy, 114, 385–399.
Published
2020-11-15
How to Cite
S, Mohamed et al. A Systematic Investigation on the Potential of Net Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) Design Approach Implementation in Healthcare Buildings. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering Innovation, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 3, p. 65-77, nov. 2020. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijarei/article/view/11184>. Date accessed: 28 feb. 2024.
Section
Articles