Facilitating Women Entrepreneurs: A Challenge for Women’s Organisation

  • Salmah Topimin

Abstract

There is a long-running debate about the failure of policy in helping women to achieve gender equality. As such, this paper highlights the extent to which gender issues have been considered in planning interventions intended for women. The issue was investigated by exploring the implementation process in providing business support for women entrepreneurs in a women’s organisation in Sabah. This study uses semi-structured interviews and documentary analysis as the data collection techniques. An in-depth interviews with three representatives who lead different departments in the organisation were conducted. The findings demonstrate that women’s organisation in this study face various challenges in maximising its functions in helping women entrepreneurs. The establishment of women’s organisation can be regarded as a good effort in minimising gender issue that women encounter; however, this study shows the presence of power relations issue that has caused the organisation to still fight for resources. Consequently, the women’s organisation in this study suffer from internal structural weaknesses which has led to its inability to recruit adequate human resources and to strengthen its programmes for women. It is therefore recommended that women’s organisations should be able to act as a powerful player in delivering its value to women and not being discriminated against by the issue of power resources.

References

Afolabi, C. Y. (2019). The Invisibility of Women’s Organisations in Decision Making Process and Governance in Nigeria. Frontiers in Sociology, 3, 1-11.
Ahmad, A. (1998). Country briefing paper: Women in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: UNDP.
Alsop, R. (1993). Whose Interests? Problems in Planning for Women’s Practical Needs. World Development, 21(3), 367-377.
Attride-Stirling, J. (2001). Thematic Networks: An Analytic Tool for Qualitative Research. Qualitative Research, 1(3), 385-405.
Blumberg, B. B., Cooper, D. R. & Schindler, P. S. (2008). Business Research Methods. 2nd European ed. Maidenhead, Berkshire: McGraw Hill.
Bradley, H., (2007). Gender. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Brierton, J. & Bennett, D. (2012). A Reflection on the Origins of the Women’s Enterprise Policy Group. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship. 4(3), 340-342.
Brush, C. G., de Bruin, A. & Welter, F. (2009). A Gender-aware Framework for Women’s Entrepreneurship. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 8-24.
Bryman, A., (2004). Social Research Methods. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bryman, A. and Bell, (2007). Business Research Methods. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Cheng, Y. (2004). Women’s Organisations in China. Master Thesis, Lund University.
Cornwall, A. (2003). Who’s Voices? Whose Choices? Reflections on Gender and Participatory Development. World Development, 31(8), 1325-1342.
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Debusscher, P. (2011). Mainstreaming Gender in European Commission Development Policy: Conservative Europeanness? Women’s Studies International Forum, 34(1), 39-49.
Finzel, E. (2003). ʺEqualityʺ for Women, Child Rearing and the State in the Former German Democratic Republic. Women’s Studies International Forum, 26(1), 47-56.
Greer, M. J., & Greene, P. G. (2003). Feminist theory and the study of entrepreneurship. In: Brush, C. G., et al., eds. Women and Entrepreneurship: Contemporary Classic. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2006, 86-109.
Ibrahim, B. (1989). Policies Affecting Women’s Employment in the Formal Sector: Strategies for Change. World Development, 17, 1097-1107.
Kabeer, N. (2010). Women’s Empowerment, Development Interventions and the Management of Information Flows. IDS Bulletin, 41(6), 105-113.
Kabeer, N., & Huq, L. (2010). The Power of Relationships: Love and Solidarity in a Landless Women’s Organisation in Rural Bangladesh. IDS Bulletin, 41(2), 79-87.

Leach, F. (2000). Gender Implications of Development Agency Policies on Education and Training. International Journal of Educational Development, 20(4), 333-347.
Madsen, M. T., Neergaard, H. and Ulhøi, J. P. (2008). The influence of roles and identities on female entrepreneurial agency. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 5(3/4), 358-372.
Marshall, C. & Rossman, G. (2011). Designing Qualitative Research. 5th ed. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
McGowan, P. & Hampton, A. (2007). An Exploration of Networking Practices of Female Entrepreneurs. In: Carter, N. M. et al., eds. Female entrepreneurship: Implications for education, training and policy. Oxon: Routledge, 2007, 110-134.
Montanari, B. & Bergh, S. I. (2019). A Gendered Analysis of the Income Generating Activities under the Green Morocco Plan: Who profits? Human Ecology, 47, 409-417.
Moser, C. O. N. (1989). Gender planning in the third world: Meeting practical and strategic gender needs. World Development, 17(11), 1799-1825.
Osborne, K., Bacchi, C. & Mackenzie, C. (2008). Gender Analysis and Community Consultation: The Role of Women’s Policy Units. The Australian Journal of Public Administration, 67(2), 149-160.
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Rhodes, J. (2003). Can E-commerce Enable Marketing in an African Rural Womens Community Based Development Organisation? Informing Science Journal, 6, 157-172.
Schofield, T. & Goodwin, S. (2005). Gender Politics and Public Policy Making: Prospects for Advancing Gender Equality. Policy and Society, 24(4), 25-44.
Sharafizad, J. & Coetzer, A. (2017). Women Business Owners’ Start-up Motivations and Network. Journal of Management & Organisation, 23(2), 206-223.
Sonkar, N. (2018). Role of Women and Women’s Organisation. International Journal of Advanced Research and Development, 3(3), 1304-1307.
Teghtsoonian, K. (2003). W(h)ither Women’s Equality? Neoliberalism, Institutional Change and Public Policy in British Columbia. Policy and Society, 22(1), 26-47.
Topimin, S. (2015). Government Intervention in Women Entrepreneurship Development: Opportunities and Challenges for Bumiputera Women Entrepreneurs (BWEs) in the Handicraft Industry in Malaysia. Ph.D Thesis, Nottingham Trent University.
United Nations Development Programme. (2008). Malaysia Nurturing Women Entrepreneurs. [Online]. Available at: http:www.undp.org.my/UNDP [Accessed 6 October 2011].
Published
2020-03-15
How to Cite
TOPIMIN, Salmah. Facilitating Women Entrepreneurs: A Challenge for Women’s Organisation. International Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and Finance, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 1-11, mar. 2020. ISSN 2682-812X. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ijaref/article/view/8347>. Date accessed: 23 may 2024.
Section
English Section