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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES FOR JOURNAL MANUSCRIPT (Manuscripts that do not adhere to the guidelines will be rejected)



A concise and factual abstract is required (Each manuscript must have an abstract (between 150-200 words) and 5 keywords.). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Manuscripts in Malay must have an abstract and title in English with similar abstract content***

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). 

Manuscript contents (excluding abstract, references, author/s biodata and appendix) should not be less than 5000 words and not more than 7000 words, Manuscripts that do not adhere to this will not be considered for review. Articles should be typed in single space (including tables, footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

Title page is a separated page before the text. It should include the following information:
  • Title
    Title should be concise and informative. Try to avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author’s names and affiliations
    Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.
  • Corresponding author 
    Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
  • Sponsoring information
    If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. The abstract is not included in sub-section.

Present tables and figures in the text. Please note that the article will be published in black and white. 

Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit www.apastyle.org to learn more about APA style

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. Examples:

  • Reference to a journal publication: 
    Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J. & Lupton R. A. (2000). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163(1), 51-59.
  • Reference to a book: 
    Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan.
  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book: 
    Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

 Please click here to download the Journal Template.