|Call for Papers|
|Focus and Scope|
|Peer Review Process|
|Open Access Policy|
|Table of Contents|
Guideline for Authors
Online submission of manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Times New Roman font). Manuscripts should be written in English or Bahasa Malaysia. English abstract will be required to accompany manuscripts written in Bahasa Malaysia. Please follow the hyperlink “Online Submission” on the right and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.
These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.
All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members of the Editorial Board or qualified outside reviewers. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers’ comments to authors within 3 months. The editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are accepted pending revision.
All portions of the manuscript must be typed single-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information.
The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The Abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length.. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
Following the abstract, about 3 to 10 key words that will provide indexing references to should be listed.
The Introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.
Materials and methods
Materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.
Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section.
The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.
The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed single-spaced.
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or Powerpoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript.
In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works.
Kilicman (2010), Arifin et al. (2003), (Sarmin, 1983), (Kumari and William, 2002), (Ishak, 1998; Bansod, 1997a,b; Nield, 1987, 1990), (Moorthy et al., 2011)
References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order.
Nield, D. A. (1977) Onset of convection in a fluid layer overlying a layer of porous medium, J. Fluid Mech., 81, 513-522.
Ware, J. E. and Gandek, B. (1998a). Overview of the SF-36 health survey and the international quality of life assessment (IQOLA) project. J. Clinical Epidemiology, 51(11), 903-912.
Ware, J. E. and Gandek, B. (1998b). Method for testing data quality, scaling assumptions, and reliability: The IQOLA project approach. J. Clinical Epidemiology, 51(11), 945-952.
Rogers, G. C. L. and Williams, D. (1994) Diffusions, Markov Processes and Martingales, 2nd ed. New York: Wiley.
Salleh, M. Z. and Nazar, R. (2008) Numerical solutions of the boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a stretching sheet with constant wall temperature and heat flux. Proceedings of the third international conference mathematics science-ICMS3, 1260–1267
Proofs and Reprints
Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.