Constructing Multiple Development Index by Multi Criteria Methods
An index is simply a single number which is calculated from a set of numbers or quantities. It can be developed by various methods. This paper discusses the usage of two multi criteria methods, namely the CRITIC and TOPSIS methods to construct multiple development index for districts in Peninsular Malaysia based on State and District Data Bank of Malaysia for year 2005. The first method was utilized to determine the weights of the criteria selected, while the second method composed the values in criteria together with the weights to end up as the index value for each district selected. Due to limited data available, only three development dimensions were considered, education, health and public safety. Four indices were successfully constructed, the three basic individual dimensions and one multiple development index which is the combination of the three basic indices. Even though the resulted indices cannot represent the exact level of developments, the indices can give us some estimated evaluation as a whole. The paper highlighted the top five and the bottom five districts for every dimension, and also from the multiple development perspective.
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