Sense and Expression in Arabic Literary Criticism from Sayyid Qutb’s Perspective

  • Saila Fadhila Ulfa

Abstract

Entering the modern era, as a result of the influence with the Western world, Arabic literary criticism began to develop with many critics writing rules or methods in literary criticism. This article tries to look at Sayyid Qutb's efforts to respond to this situation by analyzing the basic principles of Arabic literary criticism from Sayyid Qutb's perspective by focusing on two main elements, sense element (al-syu’ur) and expression element (al-ta'bir) as well as the application of these two elements in assessing a literature work. The material objects are Sayyid Qutb's book entitled al-Naqd al-Adabī Uṣūluhu wa Manāhijuhu and Kutub wa Syakhṣiyyāt. This research is a qualitative descriptive study with a content analysis approach using reading and note-taking techniques. As a result, it can be seen that the concept of literary works emphasized by Sayyid Qutb is in sense value (al-qiyam al-syu'ūriyyah) and expression value (al-qiyam al-ta'bīriyyah) and at the same time these two things are the starting point for critical analysis of literary works. In the sense element, three points that need to be considered are the specificity of emotions, the depth of the feeling of connection with nature, and the authenticity of emotions. As for the expression element, the aspects that need to be looked at are the words (alfaẓ), phrase ('ibārah), and the topic approach. In the application of theory, Sayyid Qutb places greater emphasis on assessing the elements of sense and expression in general, rather than focusing on points derived from these two elements.

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Published
2024-06-01
How to Cite
ULFA, Saila Fadhila. Sense and Expression in Arabic Literary Criticism from Sayyid Qutb’s Perspective. Asian Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 408-418, june 2024. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ajress/article/view/26873>. Date accessed: 26 july 2024.
Section
English Section