Do Young Vapers Consider E-Cigarettes as Better than Tobacco Cigarettes?

  • Rafidah Abdul Razak
  • Norlis Ismail
  • Norasikin Basir

Abstract

E-cigarettes are battery operated devices that were designed to replicate smoking but in a less harmful manner. This is because e-cigarette usage or vaping is often associated with harm reduction as the e-liquids were said to contain lesser harmful chemical compounds compared to the ingredients exist in tobacco cigarettes. Furthermore, e-cigarettes are treated as a smoking cessation tool that could aid smokers who wish to quit smoking more effectively. This study was conducted to explore the beliefs of young adults in Malaysia about e-cigarettes. Ten undergraduate students who were pursuing their studies at Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), Perak aged from 18 to 25 years old were interviewed, whereby their experiences as vapers were recorded and analysed using Atlas.ti version 8. Findings showed that the beliefs of these young adults about e-cigarettes are closely associated with their experiences as e-cigarette users and smokers. Six themes emerged from the data analysis to explain the beliefs of young adults towards e-cigarettes, which are better alternative, e-liquid content, harm reduction, second-hand vaper, addiction, and satisfaction.

References

Azizur Rahman, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamad & Shazia Jamshed (2016). Evaluating Effectiveness and Safety toward Electronic Cigarette among Malaysian Vapers: One month observational study. Archives of Pharmacy Practice, vol.7, no.2, 43-53.
Baeza-Loya, S., Viswanath, H., Carter, A., Molfese, D. L., Velasques, K., M., Baldwin, P., & Salas, R. (2014). Perceptions about e-cigarettes safety may lead to e-smoking during pregnancy. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, vol.78, no.3, 243-252.
Bullen, C. (2014). Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation. Current Cardiology Reports, vol.16, no.538, 1-8.
Camenga, D. R., Cavallo, D. A., Kong, G., Morean, M. E., Connell, C.M., Simon, P., Bulmer, S. M., & Krishnan-Sarin, S. (2015). Adolescents’ and young adults’ perceptions of electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: A focus group study. Nicotine and tobacco research, vol. 17, no. 10, 1235-1241.
Dockrell, M., Morrison, R., Bauld, L. & McNeill, A. (2013). E-cigarettes: Prevalence and attitudes in Great Britain. Nicotine and tobacco research, vol. 15, no. 10, 1737-1744.
Farrelly, M., Duke, J. C., Crankshaw, E. C., Eggers, M. E., Lee, Y. O., Nonnemaker, J. M., Kim, A. E., & Porter, L. (2015). A randomized trial of the effect of e-cigarette TV advertisements on intentions to use e-cigarettes. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol.49, no.5, 686-693.
Gucht, D. V., Adriaens, K. and Baeyens, F. (2017). Online vape shop customers who use e-cigarettes report abstinence from smoking and improved quality of life, but a substantial minority still have vaping-related health concerns. Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 47, no. 7, 1-11.
Hernandez, M. L & Peden, D. B. (2020). Air pollution: Indoor and outdoor. In A. W. Burks, S. T. Holgate, R. E. O’Heir, D. H. Broide, L. B. Bacharier, G. K. K. Hershey and R. S. Peebles (Eds.). Middleton’s allergy: Principles and practices. (9th ed). Elsevier Inc.
Keenan, S., Jones, D., & Martin, E. (2015, September 24). Vape culture attracts teens, poses harmful risks. The Mash. Retrieved from http://themash.com/blog/news/2015/09/24/vaping-heats/
Lowe, D., Coles, A. S., George, T. P. & Kozak, K. (2019). E-cigarettes. In I. Danovitch and L. Mooney (Eds.) The assessment and treatment of addiction: Best practices and new frontiers. Elsevier Inc.
Miwil, O. (2023, June 25). More teenagers vaping and smoking: Health minister. New Straits Times. Retrieved https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2023/06/923951/more-teenagers%C2%A0vaping-and-smoking%C2%A0health-minister%C2%A0
Parrott, A.C. (2015). The psychobiological problems of continued nicotine dependency in e-cigarette ‘vapers’. Commentary: ‘Electronic cigarettes’. Frontiers in Psychiatry, vol.6, 1-3.
Pokhrel, P., Herzog, T. A., Muranaka, N., Regmi, S., & Fagan, P. (2015). Context of cigarette and e-cigarette use among dual users: A qualitative study. BioMed Central Public Health, vol.15, no.859, 1-9.
Raloff, J. (2015, June 29). The dangers of vaping. Science News. Pp. 18-21.
Ramo, D. E., Young-Wolff, K., C., & Prochaska, J. J. (2015). Prevalence and correlates of electronic-cigarette use in young adults: Findings from three studies over five years. Addictive Behaviors, vol.41, 142-147.
Sapru, S., Vardhan, M., Li, Q., Guo, Y., Li, X & Saxena, D. (2020). E-cigarette use in the United States: Reasons for use, perceptions and effects on health. BMC Public Health, vol. 20, no. 1518, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09572-x
Scawen, S. (2015, December 31). E-cigarette bans in Malaysia spark debate: Business owners and smokers protest as more Malaysian states ban the use of highly popular “vapes”. Al-Jazeera. Retrieved from http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/12/cigarette-bans-malaysia-spark-debate-151230171854302.html
Sinniah, D. & Khoo, E. J. (2015). E-cigarettes: Facts and legal status. International E-Journal of Science, Medicine & Education, vol.9, no.3, 10-19.
Thirlway, F. (2019). Nicotine addiction as a moral problem: Barriers to e-cigarette use for smoking cessation in two working-class areas in Northern England. Social Science and Medicine, vol. 238, 1-7.
Viswanathan, G. (2023, July 21). Over 1 in 10 young adults regularly use e-cigarettes, CDC report says. Cable News Network. Retrieved https://edition.cnn.com/2023/07/21/health/young-adult-e-cigarettes/index.html
Zhu, S-H., Sun, J. Y., Bonnevie, E., Cummins, S. E., Gamst, A., Yin, L., & Lee, M. (2014). Four hundred and sixty brands of e-cigarettes and counting: Implications for product regulation. Tobacco Control, vol.23, iii3-iii9.
Published
2024-06-01
How to Cite
ABDUL RAZAK, Rafidah; ISMAIL, Norlis; BASIR, Norasikin. Do Young Vapers Consider E-Cigarettes as Better than Tobacco Cigarettes?. Asian Journal of Research in Education and Social Sciences, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 198-208, june 2024. Available at: <https://myjms.mohe.gov.my/index.php/ajress/article/view/26859>. Date accessed: 26 july 2024.
Section
English Section